• [Prevalence of persistent physical symptoms and association with depression, anxiety and health anxiety in Iceland].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Persistent physical symptoms that are medically unexplained can result in significant functional impairment. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of persistent physical symptoms among people seeking primary healthcare in Reykjavík, Iceland, how they relate to functional impairment, symptoms...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flovenz SO,Broddadottir E,Brynjolfsson S,Agnarsdottir AS,Salkovskis PM,Sigurdsson JF

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Health and performance consequences of Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-s)].

    abstract::Fulfilling individual energy and nutrient requirements is of great importance for athletes to support overall health and well-being, training adaptation, recovery and injury prevention. Energy availability is the amount of energy left over and available for bodily functions after the energy expended for training is su...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vardardottir B,Gudmundsdottir SL,Olafsdottir AS

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Vitamin D status of Icelandic children and youngsters: Longitudinal study].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Vitamin D plays a key role for children's growth and physical developement, not only by promoting bone health but also by its influence on extraskeletal systems. The Icelandic Directorate of Health recommends a vitamin D concentration in blood of at least 50 nmol/l. The object of this study was to evaluate th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunnarsdottir B,Hrafnkelsson H,Johannsson E,Sigurðsson EL

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Multiple sclerosis and childbirth: Relapse frequency and pregnancy outcome. A hospital-based retrospective study].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system which affects young people, especially women. The aim of the study was to examine the disease profile of MS during pregnancy and postpartum as well as pregnancy outcomes in women with MS compared to a control group. Suc...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bergthorsdóttir BB,Thorhallsdottir RL,Steingrimsdottir T,Hjaltason H

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Novel Innovation: Can Artificial Intelligence make Rehabilitation more Efficient?]

    abstract::Demand for Vocational Rehabilitation in Iceland has been steadily rising in recent years where the presence of young patients has increased proportionally the most. It is essential that public spending is efficient without compromising the treatment quality. It is worth exploring if a solution for increasing the effic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Siggeirsdottir K,Brynjolfsdottir RD,Haraldsson SO,Hjaltason O,Gudnason V

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Body dysmorphic disorder: Symptoms, prevalence, assessment and treatment].

    abstract::Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common disorder characterized by a preoccupation with nonexistent or slight defects in appearance. BDD usually begins during childhood or adolescence. The preoccupation with the perceived appearance defect typically occurs for many hours a day and is often followed by rep...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hardardottir H,Hauksdottir A,Bjornsson AS

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Long-term survival of patients with acute myocardial infarction in Iceland].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Despite the decreasing incidence rate of acute coronary syndromes worldwide, the incidence of NSTEMI (Non- ST elevation myocardial infarction) has increased relative to STEMI (ST elevation myocardial infarction). The aim of this study was to compare long-term survival rates of NSTEMI and STEMI patients and...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Snorrason EL,Johannnesdottir BK,Aspelund T,Gudnason V,Andersen K

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • [European outbreak of Hepatitis A in Iceland in 2017. Common radiological changes of the gallbladder].

    abstract::IAim The incidence of hepatitis A (HAV) in Iceland is low with about one case per year in the last decades. Since 2016, there has been an ongoing outbreak of HAV in men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this study was to inves-tigate whether cases diagnosed in Iceland during 2017 had any link to the HAV outbreak...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ormarsdottir S,Moller PH,Oskarsdottir AR,Hannesson P,Love A,Briem H

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • [MINOCA in Iceland. Acute coronary syndrome in patients with normal or nonobstructive coronary arteries].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The classical pathophysiological process underlying acute coronary syndromes has been considered to be plaque rup-ture followed by platelet activation and aggregation and subsequent thrombus formation leading to myocardial ischemia and infarction. A substantial number of patients with acute coronary syndro...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vignisson ST,Gudmundsdottir IJ,Gudnason T,Danielsen R,Gardarsdottir M,Andersen K

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Hepatitis A in Iceland].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Hepatitis A virus (HAV) epidemics occurred repeatedly in Iceland in the early 20th century, but since then few cases have been reported and no epidemics since 1952. The latest Icelandic studies on HAV from around 1990 showed low incidence of infection and de-- creasing prevalence of antibodies. The objecti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kristinsdóttir H,Löve A,Bjornsson ES

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Role of Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke].

    abstract::This article discusses endovascular thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke. This treatment is vascular medicine's most significant leap in years. This treatment is complicated, and various technical aspects are discussed. Close cooperation is required between different specialties since patient selection for treatment ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sigurdsson AP

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Pharmaceutical Care at the primary care clinic in Garðabær - number and type of drug therapy problems identified among elderly clients].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Elderly people are a rising population in Iceland. With higher age the likelihood of drug consumption increases and thus drug therapy problems. Pharmaceutical care has been established abroad, where the pharmacist works in collaboration with other healthcare professionals to reduce patients' drug therapy p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blondal AB,Almarsdottir AB,Jonsson JS,Gizurarson S

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Treatment of hepatitis C with peginterferon and ribavirin in Iceland from 2002-2012].

    abstract:BACKGROUND/AIMS:Hepatitis C is a major cause of chronic liver disease and cirrhosis in Western countries. Its treatment aims at eradicating the virus and patients are considered cured if the virus is undetectable by PCR in blood 12-24 weeks after end of treatment (sustained virological response, SVR). The aim of this s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fridriksson B,Bergmann OM,Olafsson S

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Cerebral arteriovenous malformations - overview].

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are uncommon but can cause intracerebral hemorrhage with grave disability or death. AVMs can even cause focal neurological symptoms, seizures and headache. The treatment of AVMs is complex. The most common treatment forms are microsurgery, stereotactic radiotherapy...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sveinsson OA,Olafsson IH,Valdimarsson EM

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Lung Transplantation in Icelanders].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Lung transplantation is a treatment option for end-stage lung diseases, excluding lung cancer, when life expectancy is short and quality of life is poor. In most instances pulmonary function and quality of life improves after lung transplantation. Infections and rejection are the most common complications ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hansdottir S,Hardardottir H,Einarsson O,Hrafnkelsdottir SK,Gudmundsson G

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Epidemiology of the two types of gastric adenocarcinoma in Iceland according to the Laurén histological classification 1990-2009].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the mid twentieth century gastric cancer was the most common type of cancer in Iceland. In recent decades, however, the incidence rate of gastric cancer has decreased markedly and currently only represents 2-3% of cancer cases. The Laurén classification system classifies adenocarcinoma into two types, int...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olafsdottir HS,Alexiusdottir KK,Lund SH,Jonasson JG,Jonsson T,Skuladottir H

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Change in attitude towards antibiotic prescriptions among Icelandic general practitioners].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Antibiotic use is a leading cause of antibiotic resistance and it is therefore important to reduce unnecessary prescribing in Iceland where antibiotic use is relatively high. The purpose of this study was to explore antibiotic prescribing practices among Icelandic physicians and compare the results with re...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matthíasdóttir AM,Guðnason T,Halldórsson M,Haraldsson Á,Kristinsson KG

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Breakthrough in research on pluripotent stem cells and their application in medicine].

    abstract::Embryonic stem cells are, as the name indicates, isolated from embryos. They are pluripotent cells which can be maintained undifferentiated or induced to differentiate into any cell type of the body. In 1998 the first isolation of human embryonic stem cells was successful and they became an interesting source for stem...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Valdimarsdóttir G,Richter A

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of sport injuries, sport participation and drop out due to injury in young adults].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Sport participation has increased during the past few decades, with accompanying rise in sport injuries. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of sport injuries, and drop-out due to them along with possible risk factors (hours of sports participation, sex, age, aerobic fitness and body com...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Indriðadóttir MH,Sveinsson Þ,Magnússon KÞ,Arngrímsson SÁ,Jóhannsson E

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Effects of rehabilitation on functional capacity, obesity and health behavior, among cardiac patients with DM2].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Present study examines the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (DM2) in patients attending cardiac rehabilitation (CR) compared to the general population utilising data from the Icelandic Heart Association population study. The study also examined the efficacy of CR for promoting health behaviors. MATERIAL AND MET...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kristjánsson K,Jónasson MR,Jónsdóttir S,Kristjánsson H,Guðjónsdóttir M

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Injecting drug abuse: survival after intensive care admission and forensic toxicology reports at death].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Injecting drug abuse is a worldwide problem with serious consequences for the individual and for society. The purpose of this study was to gather information on the most serious complications of injecting drug use from two perspectives, intensive care admissions and forensic toxicology reports. MATERIAL A...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sigvaldason K,Ingvarsson T,Thordardottir S,Kristinsson J,Karason S

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Cerebral ischemia/infarction - epidemiology, causes and symptoms].

    abstract::Eight of ten strokes are due to cerebral ischemia, two from cerebal hemorrhage. Stroke is the most common cause of disability, the second commonest cause of dementia and the fourth commonest cause of death in the developed world. The incidence of stroke is 150-200/100.000 individuals/ year. One of every seven individu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sveinsson OA,Kjartansson O,Valdimarsson EM

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Colorectal cancer - review].

    abstract::Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the Western hemisphere and the incidence increases with increasing age. Most colorectal cancers are localized with or without lymph node metastases. Up to 20% of patients present with metastatic disease, most commonly to the liver. Surgery is the only curative thera...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Haraldsdottir S,Einarsdottir HM,Smaradottir A,Gunnlaugsson A,Halfdanarson TR

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • [The effect of antidepressants and sedatives on the efficacy of transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy in groups in primary care].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and SSRI/SNRI antidepressants have proven to be effective treatments for anxiety and depression. The gain from combined CBT and antidepressant therapy has in some studies been greater than from monotherapy. Benzodiazepines may interfere with the efficacy of individual CBT-t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eriksson EB,Kristjansdottir H,Sigurdsson JF,Agnarsdottir A,Sigurdsson E

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • [The effects of 6 months' multimodal training on functional performance, strength, endurance, and body mass index of older individuals. Are the benefits of training similar among women and men?].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Good functional performance in elderly people greatly improves their changes of independence and well-being. Conversely, bad functional performance can impair their capability of managing the activities of daily life.. The main goal of this study was to investigate the effects of a 6-months' multimodal tra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gudlaugsson J,Aspelund T,Gudnason V,Olafsdottir AS,Jonsson PV,Arngrimsson SA,Johannsson E

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Experience of Icelandic adults of corporal punishment and abuse in childhood].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Corporal punishment and abuse of children can have a negative impact on their health and well-being. The aim is to examine on Icelandic adults, experience of corporal punishment as children, its prevalence, justification as victims, and its impact on the assessment of their upbringing. MATERIALS AND METHO...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunnlaugsson G,Einarsdottir J

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Tablets and tablet production - with special reference to Icelandic conditions].

    abstract::Modern tablet compression was instituted in England in 1844 by William Brockedon (1787-1854). The first tablets made according to Brockedon´s procedures contained watersoluble salts and were most likely compressed without expedients. In USA a watershed occurred around 1887 when starch (amylum maydis) was introduced to...


    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Skaftason JF,Jóhannesson T

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Case report: respiratory symptoms in a competitive swimmer].

    abstract::A young competitive swimmer consulted a physician because of respiratory symptoms. He was found to have a normal spirometry. Bronchial asthma was diagnosed based on bronchial challenge test and appropriate treatment started. An overview is given on the rules of the National Sports Association on the treatment of asthm...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gudmundsson G

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Chronic non-communicable diseases: a global epidemic of the 21st century].

    abstract::Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the cause of 86% of all deaths in the EU and 65% of deaths worldwide. A third of these deaths occur before the age of sixty years. The NCDs affect 40% of the adult population of the EU and two thirds of the population reaching retirement age suffers from two or more NCDs. T...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Andersen K,Gudnason V

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Results of immediate breast reconstructions at Landspítali-The National University Hospital of Iceland, in 2008-2010].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:In late 2007, the availability of immediate breast reconstructions increased as a result of the establishment of an oncoplastic breast surgical service at Landspítali-The National University Hospital The aim of this study was to look at the rates and early complications of immediate breast reconstructions ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jónsdóttir K,Rafnsdóttir SL,Kjartansdottir T,Kristvinsson H,Jónsson T,Asgeirsson KS

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Diagnosis and treatment of hair pulling- and skin picking disorder].

    abstract::Hair pulling disorder (HPD; trichotillomania) is characterized by recurrent pulling of hair from the scalp, eyebrows or other parts of the body. Skin picking disorder (SPD) is closely related to HPD and involves re-current picking of the skin. Even though both HPD and SPD are relatively common and potentially severe d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Snorrason I,Bjorgvinsson T

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Kawasaki disease in Iceland 1996-2005, epidemiology and complications].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyze the epidemiology of Kawasaki disease in Icelandic children and its complications. METHODS:A retrospective analysis of all cases of Kawasaki disease and atypical Kawasaki disease in children in Iceland from 1996-2005. Chart records were reviewed and children diagnosed at Landspítali - University Ho...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olafsdottir HS,Oskarsson G,Haraldsson Á

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Endocarditis in Iceland 2000-2009, a national survey incidence, microbiology and prognosis].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence, clinical features, microbiology and prognosis of patients with infective endocarditis (IE) in Iceland, and to compare the results with a previous study made in Iceland 1976-85. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A retrospective study including all patients diagn...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tryggvadóttir EB,Agnarsson UT,Sverrisson JT,Thorsteinsson SB,Högnason JV,Thorgeirsson G

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis in Iceland 2002-2006: Long term complications and survival].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate long-term complications and survival following aortic valve replacement (AVR) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) in Iceland. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Included were 156 patients (average age 71.7 yrs, 64.7% males) that underwent AVR for AS at Landspitali between 2002 and 2006. A mechanical prost...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Viktorsson SA,Ingvarsdóttir IL,Hreinsson K,Sigurdsson MI,Helgadóttir S,Arnorsson P,Danielsen R,Gudbjartsson T

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis in Iceland 2002-2006: Indications and short term complications].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Information on surgical outcome of aortic valve replacement (AVR) has not been available in Iceland. We therefore studied the indications, short-term complications and operative mortality in Icelandic patients that underwent AVR with aortic stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This was a retrospective study includ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ingvarsdóttir IL,Viktorsson SA,Hreinsson K,Sigurdsson MI,Helgadóttir S,Arnórsson P,Danielsen R,Gudbjartsson T

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Treatment of type 1 diabetes with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in adults in Iceland].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The goal of the study was to evaluate the effect and safety of CSII treatment in individuals 18 years and older with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Iceland. METHODS:The research is retrospective. We gathered information from patient data of 40 individuals, age 19-57 years who had been treated with CSII in Icela...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bodvarsdottir KO,Aspelund T,Gudmundsdottir A

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Acute flank pain syndrome: a common presentation of acute renal failure in young men in Iceland].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of the study was to calculate the incidence of the acute flank pain syndrome in Iceland and to describe the case series. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The hospital records of those who fulfilled the following criteria were studied: age 18-41 years, acute renal failure, and a visit to Landspitali Universi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skuladottir HM,Andresdottir MB,Hardarson S,Arnadottir M

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Anorexia nervosa in psychiatric units in Iceland 1983-2008, incidence of admissions, psychiatric comorbidities and mortality].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Information is scarce concerning the incidence of anorexia nervosa (AN) in psychiatric facilities in Iceland. The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of admissions, comorbidity and mortality of patients who were admitted to psychiatric units in Iceland, diagnosed with AN in 1983-2008. MATERIAL AN...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sigurdardottir A,Palsson SP,Thorsteinsdottir G

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Survival and causes of death in children diagnosed with cancer in Iceland 1981-2006].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Of children diagnosed with cancer, approximately one fourth die of the disease or disease related complications. The aim of this study was to investigate survival and causes of death in children with cancer in Iceland. METHODS:This study is retrospective; population based and includes all children, less than...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oskarsson T,Jónsson OG,Kristinsson JR,Jónmundsson GK,Jónasson JG,Haraldsson A

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Case report: Seminal vesicle cyst with ipsilateral renal agenesis].

    abstract::We describe a case of right seminal vesicle cyst with ipsilateral renal agenesis in a 25 year old male. The cyst caused severe pain syndrome with progressive perineal pain and pain on defecation and ejaculation. The cyst was surgically removed and the patient became asymtomatic. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Viktorsdóttir MB,Jónsson E,Einarsdóttir H

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

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