Identification of physical-chemical variables affecting particle size following precipitation using a supercritical fluid.

Abstract:

:The physical-chemical processing variables affecting particle size following precipitation using the supercritical antisolvent (SAS) method were investigated by varying both the composition of the feed solvent and the structure of the solute, using a series of steroids. The key factor influencing particle size in these studies appears to be the solubility of the drug in the organic solvent/supercritical fluid mixture, where relatively high solubility causes a lower degree of supersaturation in the precipitation vessel, resulting in a relatively large particle size. Higher operating pressures result in larger particle sizes, probably through the effect of pressure on solubility. Physical properties of the carrier solvent, such as vapor pressure and dielectric constant, were not effective predictors of relative particle size of the precipitated powder, nor was solubility of the model drug in the carrier solvent. In limited studies of the physical state of the precipitated solid, higher apparent crystallinity was observed for powders with larger particle size. A precipitate of a different crystal form was observed when starting with hydrocortisone hemisuccinate monohydrate and may represent the loss of water of hydration. An amorphous solid was precipitated when starting with yttrium acetate dihydrate. Broad guidelines for effective particle size reduction using this technique are presented.

journal_name

Pharm Dev Technol

authors

Sacha GA,Schmitt WJ,Nail SL

doi

10.1080/10837450600561299

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-01-01 00:00:00

pages

195-205

issue

2

eissn

1083-7450

issn

1097-9867

journal_volume

11

pub_type

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