Light-mediated antifungal activity of Echinacea extracts.

Abstract:

:This study demonstrated that plant extracts containing acetylenic isobutylamides and polyacetylenes, previously reported as occurring in Echinacea, have phototoxic antimicrobial activity against fungi, including clinically relevant pathogenic fungi. Results show that hexane extracts of Echinacea variably inhibit growth of yeast strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Candida shehata, C. kefyr, C. albicans, C. steatulytica and C. tropicalis under near UV irradiation (phototoxicity) and to a lower extent without irradiation (conventional antifungal activity). The presence of polyacetylenes and alkylamides in extracts of different organs was confirmed in Echinacea purpurea by HPLC in agreement with previously reported data in the literature, and was related to phototoxic activity. Two representative pure compounds, undeca-2E,4Z-diene-8,10-diynoic acid isobutylamide and dodeca-2E,4E,8Z,10E/Z-tetraenoic acid isobutylamide, were isolated from Echinacea purpurea root extracts, and compared in a disk assay (5 micrograms/disk) with the highly conjugated trideca-1-ene-3,5,7,9,10-pentayne (previously isolated in our laboratory and found here in E. purpurea). Significant phototoxicity was demonstrated by pure trideca-1-ene-3,5,7,9,10-pentayne, while only minor phototoxicity was induced by the other two acetylenic compounds. Phototoxic activity of Echinacea spp. is primarily attributed to the ketoalkenes and ketoalkynes abundantly present in the roots.

journal_name

Planta Med

journal_title

Planta medica

authors

Binns SE,Purgina B,Bergeron C,Smith ML,Ball L,Baum BR,Arnason JT

doi

10.1055/s-2000-8573

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-04-01 00:00:00

pages

241-4

issue

3

eissn

0032-0943

issn

1439-0221

journal_volume

66

pub_type

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