Posttraumatic stress, alcohol use, and alcohol use motives among firefighters: The role of distress tolerance.


:Firefighters represent a unique, vulnerable population at high risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology due to the high rates of occupational exposure to traumatic events. To inform specialized alcohol use interventions for firefighters, it is important to understand relevant malleable cognitive-affective factors related to PTSD and AUD symptoms. Distress tolerance (DT), defined as the perceived ability to withstand negative emotional states, is one promising factor relevant to this domain. The current study examined the moderating role of DT in the association of PTSD symptom severity with alcohol use severity and alcohol use motives. Participants included 652 trauma-exposed firefighters (93.3% male; Mage = 38.7 years, SD = 8.6) who endorsed lifetime (ever) alcohol use. Results indicated that there was a significant interactive effect of PTSD symptom severity and DT on coping-oriented alcohol use motives but not other alcohol-related outcomes. These findings were evident after adjusting for alcohol consumption, romantic relationship status, number of years in the fire service, occupational stress, and trauma load. This is the first study to concurrently examine these variables among firefighters and this line of inquiry has great potential to inform intervention efforts for this vulnerable, understudied population.


Psychiatry Res


Psychiatry research


Zegel M,Tran JK,Vujanovic AA




Has Abstract


2019-12-01 00:00:00












  • Pregnancy, delivery and postpartum in women with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in Finland: a national register-based comparative study.

    abstract::As part of anational Finnish study on reproductive health of women with severe mental disorders, we compared pregnancy- and delivery-, and postpartum-related outcomes between women with schizophrenia (n = 3444) and those with schizoaffective disorder (n = 985), focusing on their singleton pregnancies after illness ons...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simoila L,Isometsä E,Gissler M,Suvisaari J,Sailas E,Halmesmäki E,Lindberg N

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • The VAGUS insight into psychosis scale--self-report and clinician-rated versions.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to develop self-report and clinician-rated versions of an insight scale that would be easy to administer, sensitive to small changes, and inclusive of the core dimensions of clinical insight into psychosis. Ten-item self-report (VAGUS-SR) and five-item clinician-rated (VAGUS-CR) scales were d...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerretsen P,Remington G,Borlido C,Quilty L,Hassan S,Polsinelli G,Teo C,Mar W,Simon R,Menon M,Pothier DD,Nakajima S,Caravaggio F,Mamo DC,Rajji TK,Mulsant BH,Deluca V,Ganguli R,Pollock BG,Graff-Guerrero A

    更新日期:2014-12-30 00:00:00

  • Markers of gluten sensitivity in acute mania: a longitudinal study.

    abstract::Increased levels of antibodies to gliadin, which is derived from the wheat protein gluten, have been reported in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in cross-sectional studies. We examined longitudinally the levels of antibody reactivity to gliadin in acute mania. The sample included 60 individuals assessed during a ho...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dickerson F,Stallings C,Origoni A,Vaughan C,Khushalani S,Yolken R

    更新日期:2012-03-30 00:00:00

  • Specific vulnerability of face perception to noise: a similar effect in schizophrenia patients and healthy individuals.

    abstract::Face perception plays a foundational role in the social world. This perceptual ability is deficient in schizophrenia. A noise-filtering mechanism is essential for perceptual processing. It remains unclear as to whether a specific noise-filtering mechanism is implicated in the face perception problem or a general noise...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Y,McBain R,Norton D

    更新日期:2015-02-28 00:00:00

  • Hyperarousal during sleep in untreated primary insomnia sufferers: A polysomnographic study.

    abstract::Because some evidence favors the hyperarousal model of insomnia, we sought to learn more about the dynamics of this phenomenon during sleep. Polysomnographic data from 30 normative subjects and 86 untreated primary insomnia sufferers recruited from the database of the sleep laboratory were studied for whole nights and...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hein M,Senterre C,Lanquart JP,Montana X,Loas G,Linkowski P,Hubain P

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents in China: A meta-analysis of observational studies.

    abstract::Depressive symptoms are common in children and adolescents. The prevalence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents in China vary significantly across studies. A meta-analysis of the prevalence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents in China was conducted. Literature search was performed in both ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Rao WW,Xu DD,Cao XL,Wen SY,Che WI,Ng CH,Ungvari GS,He F,Xiang YT

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Bleuler revisited: psychomotor slowing in schizophrenia as part of a catatonic symptom cluster.

    abstract::In schizophrenia, psychomotor slowing and stereotypy are poorly delineated from cognitive deficits like diminished processing speed. Inpatients' performance outcomes on a line-copying task, a task assessing stereotypy and a processing-speed task are compared. Results suggested that psychomotor slowing and stereotypy a...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrens M,Hulstijn W,Lewi P,Sabbe B

    更新日期:2008-10-30 00:00:00

  • Validity and reliability of a scale to assess fatigue.

    abstract::A visual analogue scale to evaluate fatigue severity (VAS-F) was developed and tested in a sample of 75 healthy individuals and a sample of 57 patients undergoing medical evaluation for sleep disorders. The scale consists of 18 items related to fatigue and energy, has simple instructions, and is completed with minimal...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee KA,Hicks G,Nino-Murcia G

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with completing evidence-based psychotherapy for PTSD among veterans in a national healthcare system.

    abstract::Little is known about predictors of initiation and completion of evidence-based psychotherapy (EBP) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with most data coming from small cohort studies and post-hoc analyses of clinical trials. We examined patient and treatment factors associated with initiation and completion of ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maguen S,Li Y,Madden E,Seal KH,Neylan TC,Patterson OV,DuVall SL,Lujan C,Shiner B

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Association of altered cardiac autonomic function with psychopathology and metabolic profiles in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Schizophrenia has been associated with autonomic dysregulation and increased cardiovascular co-morbidity. We hypothesised that autonomic dysregulation in patients with schizophrenia is associated with psychopathology and metabolic profiles. In this study, we aimed to evaluate psychopathology, comprehensive metabolic p...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chung MS,Yang AC,Lin YC,Lin CN,Chang FR,Shen SH,Ouyang WC,Loh el-W,Chiu HJ

    更新日期:2013-12-30 00:00:00

  • Hemispheric dysfunction in schizophrenia: assessment by visual perception tasks.

    abstract::Before and after a double-blind trial of haloperidol vs. mesoridazine, 24 hospitalized schizophrenics performed visual perception tasks designed to assess function of the cerebral hemispheres. Tasks involved identifying as "same" or "different" two images (either letters, digits, or unfamiliar shapes) projected tachis...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Eaton EM,Busk J,Maloney MP,Sloane RB,Whipple K,White K

    更新日期:1979-12-01 00:00:00

  • Reinforcement learning deficits in people with schizophrenia persist after extended trials.

    abstract::Previous research suggests that people with schizophrenia have difficulty learning from positive feedback and when learning needs to occur rapidly. However, they seem to have relatively intact learning from negative feedback when learning occurs gradually. Participants are typically given a limited amount of acquisiti...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cicero DC,Martin EA,Becker TM,Kerns JG

    更新日期:2014-12-30 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy among depressed individuals with disabilities in Nigeria: A randomized controlled trial.

    abstract::The objective of this paper was to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in decreasing depressive symptoms and intellectual disabilities (ID) among individuals with depression in Nigeria. In this randomized controlled trial, 101 participants with depression and ID, aged 18-60 years, who ob...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Musa ZA,Soh KL,Mukhtar F,Soh KY,Oladele TO,Soh KG

    更新日期:2020-12-24 00:00:00

  • Effects of venlafaxine versus lithium monotherapy on quality of life in bipolar II major depressive disorder: Findings from a double-blind randomized controlled trial.

    abstract::Bipolar disorder is associated with decreased quality of life, especially during depressive episodes. There are few studies that have examined whether quality of life improves following pharmacological treatments of bipolar depression. In this exploratory study, we examined the effects of antidepressant versus mood st...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lorenzo-Luaces L,Amsterdam JD

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ability to use the wait-and-see strategy in pathological gamblers.

    abstract::Pathological gamblers (PGs) perform differently on neurocognitive tests than do healthy controls (HC). The aim of this study was to assess "waiting ability" - a major components of inhibition control-using a modified Stop Signal Task (SST) in a population of male PGs (N=55), and HCs (N=53). Results indicated no differ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kertzman S,Vainder M,Visne T,Aizer A,Kotler M,Dannon PN

    更新日期:2015-12-15 00:00:00

  • Prevalence, correlates, and comorbidities of four DSM-IV specific phobia subtypes: results from the Korean Epidemiological Catchment Area study.

    abstract::Although several studies have detected differences in clinical features among specific phobias, there is a shortage of detailed national data on the on the DSM-IV SP subtypes, particularly in the Asian population. To examine the prevalence, demographic and other correlates, and co-morbidities of DSM-IV SP subtypes in ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park S,Sohn JH,Hong JP,Chang SM,Lee YM,Jeon HJ,Cho SJ,Bae JN,Lee JY,Son JW,Cho MJ

    更新日期:2013-10-30 00:00:00

  • The role of hippocampus dysfunction in deficient memory encoding and positive symptoms in schizophrenia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Declarative memory disturbances, known to substantially contribute to cognitive impairment in schizophrenia, have previously been attributed to prefrontal as well as hippocampal dysfunction. AIMS:To characterize the role of prefrontal and mesolimbic/hippocampal dysfunction during memory encoding in schizoph...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zierhut K,Bogerts B,Schott B,Fenker D,Walter M,Albrecht D,Steiner J,Schütze H,Northoff G,Düzel E,Schiltz K

    更新日期:2010-09-30 00:00:00

  • Alterations in local cerebral glucose utilization in rats after chronic amphetamine administration without subsequent challenge.

    abstract::The 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) method was used to study regional metabolic changes in rats following chronic d-amphetamine treatment without subsequent challenges. Four groups of rats were pretreated (intraperitoneal administration) with d-amphetamine (0, 1, 5, or 10 mg/kg) once per day for 14 days. After a 7-day abstinenc...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai SJ,Huang YH,Chang LS,Yang YC,Sim CB

    更新日期:1995-06-29 00:00:00

  • Perceptual grouping in disorganized schizophrenia.

    abstract::This study evaluated visual perceptual grouping in schizophrenia to test the hypothesis that the disorganization syndrome in schizophrenia is related to a deficit in cognitive coordination. Perceptual grouping was examined with three psychophysically well-controlled tasks in patients with disorganized schizophrenia (n...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uhlhaas PJ,Phillips WA,Mitchell G,Silverstein SM

    更新日期:2006-12-07 00:00:00

  • Partial compliance in schizophrenia and the impact on patient outcomes.

    abstract::This review evaluates the impact of partial compliance on treatment outcomes in schizophrenia and discusses strategies that may be implemented to enhance compliance. As such, a search of English language articles evaluating compliance in schizophrenia was performed using Medline and EMBASE, with no time limits. Abstra...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Llorca PM

    更新日期:2008-11-30 00:00:00

  • The real-life effectiveness of psychosocial therapies on social autonomy in schizophrenia patients: Results from a nationwide cohort study in France.

    abstract::The objectives of the present study were to describe the prescribing patterns for psychosocial therapies in routine clinical practice and to assess the impact of psychoeducation on symptoms and social autonomy of patients with schizophrenia. We used data from the nationwide French ESPASS observational cohort study inc...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ali A,Carre A,Orri M,Urbach M,Barry C,Hassler C,Falissard B,Berthoz S,Nordon C

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Seasonal trends in depressive problems among United States children and adolescents: a representative population survey.

    abstract::This study examined season-of-assessment differences in parent and child reports of depressive problems on well-validated instruments in 2009 U.S. children and adolescents, aged 6 to 18 years, from a nationally representative population survey. A parent completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) for each participan...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nillni YI,Rohan KJ,Rettew D,Achenbach TM

    更新日期:2009-12-30 00:00:00

  • Tourette's syndrome, trichotillomania, and obsessive-compulsive disorder: how closely are they related?

    abstract::The question of whether Tourette's syndrome (TS) and trichotillomania (TTM) are best conceptualized as obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders was raised by family studies demonstrating a close relationship between TS and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and by psychopharmacological research indicating that both T...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ferrão YA,Miguel E,Stein DJ

    更新日期:2009-11-30 00:00:00

  • The role of persistent and incident major depression on rate of cognitive deterioration in newly diagnosed Alzheimer's disease patients.

    abstract::Depression may potentially impair the clinical course of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate cognitive progression of AD patients with or without major depressive episode (MDE). In this 1-year longitudinal follow-up study conducted in three Italian memory clinics, 119 newly diagnos...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spalletta G,Caltagirone C,Girardi P,Gianni W,Casini AR,Palmer K

    更新日期:2012-07-30 00:00:00

  • Propofol interacts with stimulus intensities of electroconvulsive shock to regulate behavior and hippocampal BDNF in a rat model of depression.

    abstract::As a psychiatric treatment, modern electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) requires anesthesia to enhance safety, but anesthetics may weaken its efficacy. Previous studies have provided inconsistent results and lack satisfactory details of the influence of anesthetics on ECT efficacy, which partially complicates the clinical ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luo J,Min S,Wei K,Zhang J,Liu Y

    更新日期:2012-07-30 00:00:00

  • Outcomes, moderators, and mediators of empathic-emotion recognition training for complex conduct problems in childhood.

    abstract::Impairments in emotion recognition skills are a trans-diagnostic indicator of early mental health problems and may be responsive to intervention. We report on a randomized controlled trial of "Emotion-recognition-training" (ERT) versus treatment-as-usual (TAU) with N=195 mixed diagnostic children (mean age 10.52 years...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dadds MR,Cauchi AJ,Wimalaweera S,Hawes DJ,Brennan J

    更新日期:2012-10-30 00:00:00

  • Sensitivity to detect change and the correlation of clinical factors with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory in depressed inpatients.

    abstract::Discrepancies between scores on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), as well as differences regarding their sensitivity to detect change, have been reported. This study investigates discrepancies and their potential prediction on the basis of demographic, personality, an...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schneibel R,Brakemeier EL,Wilbertz G,Dykierek P,Zobel I,Schramm E

    更新日期:2012-06-30 00:00:00

  • Altered auditory processing in frontal and left temporal cortex in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a group at high genetic risk for schizophrenia.

    abstract::In order to investigate electroencephalographic (EEG) biomarkers of auditory processing for schizophrenia, we studied a group with a well known high-risk profile: patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11 DS) have a 30% risk of developing schizophrenia during adulthood. We performed high-density EEG source imagin...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rihs TA,Tomescu MI,Britz J,Rochas V,Custo A,Schneider M,Debbané M,Eliez S,Michel CM

    更新日期:2013-05-30 00:00:00

  • A method to determine activation thresholds in fMRI paradigms.

    abstract::Determining meaningful activation thresholds in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) paradigms is complicated by several factors. These include the time-series nature of the data, the influence of physiological rhythms (e.g. respiration) and vacillations introduced by the experimental design (e.g. cueing). We ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arndt S,Gold S,Cizadlo T,Zheng J,Ehrhardt JC,Flaum M

    更新日期:1997-08-08 00:00:00

  • MMSE items that predict incident delirium and hypoactive subtype in older medical inpatients.

    abstract::Because hypoactive delirium is especially under-recognized, we analyzed which Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) items predicted incident delirium and its hypoactive motor presentation. Over a 1-year period, older medical inpatients (n=291) were consecutively screened on admission with the Confusion Assessment Metho...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gabriel Franco J,Santesteban O,Trzepacz P,Bernal C,Valencia C,Ocampo MV,Pablo Jd,Gaviria AM,Vilella E

    更新日期:2014-12-30 00:00:00