Bacterial growth and toxin production in ileostomy effluents.


:Escherichia coli (2), Vibrio cholerae (2) and Aeromonas sobria (1) strains were examined for their ability to grow and produce toxins in samples of ileostomy fluid. Three categories of response were observed: no detectable growth, growth without detectable toxin, and growth with detectable toxin. Clear differences were apparent between samples of ileostomy fluid obtained from different individuals and between samples obtained from the same individual at different times. The patterns of response were unique for each of the five test strains. We propose that the procedure developed forms a basis for investigating the host-parasite relationship in diarrhoeal disease.


J Med Microbiol


Ala Aldeen DA,Barer MR




Has Abstract


1989-04-01 00:00:00












  • Identification and comparative analysis of the lactoferrin and transferrin receptors among clinical isolates of gonococci.

    abstract::Neisseria gonorrhoeae expresses receptors for both lactoferrin (LF) and transferrin (TF). To determine whether qualitative or quantitative changes in these receptors, or both, correlate with the pattern of disease due to N. gonorrhoeae, a dot binding assay with whole cells was used to measure the absolute receptor lev...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee BC,Bryan LE

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Resistance of mice to genital infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

    abstract::Five strains of mice (C3H, CBA, BALB/c, TO and ICR) were inoculated intra-vaginally with Neisseria gonorrhoeae in an attempt to produce an animal model of gonorrhoea. Of a total of 68 mice inoculated, only three (4.4%) were culture-positive after 3 days. Histological examination of both the genital mucosa of inoculate...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson AP,Tuffrey M,Taylor-Robinson D

    更新日期:1989-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and characterization of quinolone resistance in Laribacter hongkongensis from grass carp and Chinese tiger frog.

    abstract::Laribacter hongkongensis is a food-borne bacterium associated with community-acquired gastroenteritis and diarrhoea. Quinolone resistance was recently reported in bacterial isolates from aquatic products, but the molecular mechanisms for resistance were still unknown. In this study, a total of 157 L. hongkongensis str...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen DQ,Yang L,Luo YT,Mao MJ,Lin YP,Wu AW

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of antibiotics that inhibit cell-wall, protein, and DNA synthesis on the growth and morphology of Legionella pneumophila.

    abstract::The response of Legionella pneumophila to antibiotics that inhibit cell-wall, protein and DNA synthesis was examined by electronmicroscopy, MIC estimations and viable counts. Ampicillin, cefotaxime, methicillin, erythromycin, rifampicin and ciprofloxacin, each used separately at 20 times their respective MIC values, s...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodgers FG,Tzianabos AO,Elliott TS

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of passive immunotherapy on murine gut-derived sepsis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    abstract::The effect of passive immunotherapy with antisera against heat-killed Pseudomonas aeruginosa and three of its exo-enzymes (elastase, alkaline protease and exotoxin A) in gut-derived P. aeruginosa sepsis was evaluated. Mice were given a suspension of P. aeruginosa strain D4 in their drinking water, together with ampici...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matsumoto T,Furuya N,Tateda K,Miyazaki S,Ohno A,Ishii Y,Hirakata Y,Yamaguchi K

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Group C Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis in south-east Brazil: genetic diversity, resistance profile and the first report of human and equine isolates belonging to the same multilocus sequence typing lineage.

    abstract::Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) isolates are the most common group C streptococci in humans and reports of invasive infections associated with SDSE have been increasing. Molecular epidemiology studies are an important strategy to trace the emergence and spread of possible well-fit bacterial pathog...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva LG,Genteluci GL,Corrêa de Mattos M,Glatthardt T,Sá Figueiredo AM,Ferreira-Carvalho BT

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of the gene for toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 in Staphylococcus aureus by enzyme-labelled oligonucleotide probes.

    abstract::A colony hybridisation method with enzyme-labelled oligonucleotide probes was developed to detect the gene for toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (tst). For rapid identification, bacterial colonies were transferred from agar plates directly on to nylon membranes. These procedures took only 3 h. Results obtained by this test...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shimaoka M,Yoh M,Takarada Y,Yamamoto K,Honda T

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Human Fusobacterium necrophorum strains have a leukotoxin gene and exhibit leukotoxic activity.

    abstract::Fusobacterium necrophorum, a Gram-negative anaerobe, causes a variety of necrotic infections in humans and animals. There are two subspecies: subsp. necrophorum and subsp. funduliforme. In cattle, subsp. necrophorum is more prevalent and production of leukotoxin is a major virulence factor. The leukotoxin operon (lktB...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tadepalli S,Stewart GC,Nagaraja TG,Narayanan SK

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • The application of flow cytometry to the study of bacterial responses to antibiotics.

    abstract::Experiments were performed to determine whether a modern flow cytometer could be used to study bacterial populations in suspension, with particular reference to their morphological characteristics and their responses to antibiotics. The FACScan, a commercial benchtop flow cytometer fitted with an air-cooled laser, des...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gant VA,Warnes G,Phillips I,Savidge GF

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Aeromonas veronii biovar veronii septicaemia and acute suppurative cholangitis in a patient with hepatitis B.

    abstract::Gram-negative bacilli of the genus Aeromonas are widespread in aquatic environments and can be responsible for human infections. Although Aeromonas extraintestinal and systemic infections have been reported with growing frequency in recent years, Aeromonas septicaemia remains an uncommon finding, often associated with...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mencacci A,Cenci E,Mazzolla R,Farinelli S,D'Alò F,Vitali M,Bistoni F

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Phenotypic and molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance in Proteus mirabilis isolates from dogs.

    abstract::Large-scale monitoring of resistance to 14 antimicrobial agents was performed using 103 Proteus mirabilis strains isolated from dogs in Japan. Resistant strains were analysed to identify their resistance mechanisms. Rates of resistance to chloramphenicol, streptomycin, enrofloxacin, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, kana...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harada K,Niina A,Shimizu T,Mukai Y,Kuwajima K,Miyamoto T,Kataoka Y

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • ELISA for early diagnosis of histoplasmosis.

    abstract::An ELISA was developed and evaluated as a method for detecting antibodies against glycosylated and deglycosylated histoplasmin (HMIN). Sera from patients with histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, sporotrichosis, coccidioidomycosis, aspergillosis, cryptococcosis and healthy donors were tested by ELISA against purifi...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guimarães AJ,Pizzini CV,de Matos Guedes HL,Albuquerque PC,Peralta JM,Hamilton AJ,Zancopé-Oliveira RM

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • The changing aetiology of paediatric bacteraemia in England and Wales, 1998-2007.

    abstract::Bacteraemia in children is a potentially life-threatening condition. The objective of this study was to determine trends in the aetiology of bacteraemia in children aged 1 month-15 years in England and Wales by collecting data voluntarily reported by National Health Service hospital microbiology laboratories. Over the...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Henderson KL,Johnson AP,Muller-Pebody B,Charlett A,Gilbert R,Sharland M

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of the effect of smoking on the buccal microbiome using next-generation sequencing technology.

    abstract:PURPOSE:This study aimed to investigate the effect of smoking on the buccal microbiome and to analyse the descriptive ability of each of the seven hypervariable regions in their 16S rRNA genes. METHODOLOGY:Microbiome compositions of 40 buccal swab samples collected from smokers (n =20) and non-smokers (n =20) were det...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karabudak S,Ari O,Durmaz B,Dal T,Basyigit T,Kalcioglu MT,Durmaz R

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cryptic plasmids in hospital isolates of Providencia stuarti.

    abstract::The distribution of cryptic plasmids among 123 isolates of Providencia stuarti from a hospital ward during a prospective epidemiological study is reported. Two closely related stable plasmids (34 Kb and 36 Kb) were identified by restriction endonuclease digest analysis of plasmid DNA. One or other of these cryptic pla...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hawkey PM,Bennett PM,Hawkey CA

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • Bacterial colonization of enamel in situ investigated using fluorescence in situ hybridization.

    abstract::Oral biofilms are one of the greatest challenges in dental research. The present study aimed to investigate initial bacterial colonization of enamel surfaces in situ using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) over a 12 h period. For this purpose, bovine enamel slabs were fixed on buccal sites of individual splint...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Ahmad A,Follo M,Selzer AC,Hellwig E,Hannig M,Hannig C

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Identification of Burkholderia cepacia complex pathogens by rapid-cycle PCR with fluorescent hybridization probes.

    abstract::Members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex are important bacterial pathogens in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The B. cepacia complex currently consists of nine genetic subgroups (genomovars) of different epidemiological relevance and possibly of different pathogenic potential in humans. In this study, a new approach...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vonberg RP,Häußler S,Vandamme P,Steinmetz I

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Combined genomarkers approach to Salmonella characterization reveals that nucleotide sequence differences in the phase 1 flagellin gene fliC are markers for variation within serotypes.

    abstract::The characterization and tracking of pathogenic micro-organisms in the clinical laboratory and public health environment demand schemes that are easy to standardize and use, are automated and high-throughput, and provide portable data. A combined genomarkers approach for Salmonella enterica based on comparative sequen...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bishop C,Honisch C,Goldman T,Mosko M,Keng S,Arnold C,Gharbia S

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a multiplex-PCR for direct detection of the genes for enterotoxin B and C, and toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 in Staphylococcus aureus isolates.

    abstract::As well as conventional methods such as immunodiffusion, ELISA, or agglutination for the detection of toxin production in Staphylococcus aureus, amplification techniques like PCR allow a very sensitive and specific identification of the genes responsible for enterotoxin B and C, and TSST-1 production. These toxins mig...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmitz FJ,Steiert M,Hofmann B,Verhoef J,Hadding U,Heinz HP,Köhrer K

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Antifungal susceptibilities, biofilms, phospholipase and proteinase activities in the Candida rugosa complex and Candida pararugosa isolated from tertiary teaching hospitals.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Non-albicansCandida species have emerged as fungal pathogens that cause invasive infections, with many of these species displaying resistance to commonly used antifungal agents. This study was confined to studying the characteristics of clinical isolates of the C. rugosa complex and C. pararugosa species. METH...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peremalo T,Madhavan P,Hamzah S,Than L,Wong EH,Nasir MDM,Chong PP,Ng KP

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Production of extracellular matrix by Candida albicans biofilms.

    abstract::Growth of Candida albicans biofilms and production of extracellular matrix were monitored by dry weight, colorimetric and radioisotope assays, and by scanning electron microscopy. Under static incubation conditions synthesis of matrix material was minimal, but increased dramatically when developing biofilms were subje...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hawser SP,Baillie GS,Douglas LJ

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation and readout optimization of the rapid polymyxin NP test for the detection of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.

    abstract:PURPOSE:In an increasing number of cases the last therapeutic option for treatment of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae is colistin. As the detection of colistin resistance is problematic and time-consuming, it is desirable to find a rapid and reliable test. The rapid polymyxin NP test developed by Nordmann et al...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Belda-Orlowski A,Pfennigwerth N,Gatermann SG,Korte-Berwanger M

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of a colistin-resistant Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli ST69 isolate recovered from a broiler chicken in Germany.

    abstract::In recent years, several plasmids harbouring genes encoding phosphoethanolamine transferases conferring colistin resistance have been described in multiple Enterobacteriaceae species. Avian Pathogenic E. coli (APEC) causes colibacillosis and is responsible for a considerable proportion of the disease burden in commerc...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hornsey M,Betts JW,Mehat JW,Wareham DW,van Vliet AHM,Woodward MJ,La Ragione RM

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Survival of bactericidal antibiotic treatment by tolerant persister cells of Klebsiella pneumoniae.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Persister cells, a subpopulation of tolerant cells within the bacterial culture, are commonly thought to be responsible for antibiotic therapy failure and infection recurrence. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a notorious human pathogen for its increasing resistance to antibiotics and wide involvement in severe infecti...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Y,Zhang L,Zhou Y,Zhang Z,Zhang X

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Identification of catalase-like activity from Mycobacterium leprae and the relationship between catalase and isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH).

    abstract::As Mycobacterium leprae proliferate inside macrophages, it has been speculated that catalase encoded by katG may protect the bacilli from deleterious effects of peroxide generated from the macrophage and may also play a crucial role in the survival of M. leprae in vivo. However, unlike that of M. tuberculosis, the kat...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kang TJ,You JC,Chae GT

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Salmonella DIVA vaccine reduces disease, colonization and shedding due to virulent S. Typhimurium infection in swine.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Non-host-adapted Salmonella serovars, including the common human food-borne pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), are opportunistic pathogens that can colonize food-producing animals without causing overt disease. Interventions against Salmonella are needed to enhance food safety, p...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bearson BL,Bearson SMD,Brunelle BW,Bayles DO,Lee IS,Kich JD

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the BD MAX Enteric Parasite Panel for the detection of Cryptosporidium parvum/hominis, Giardia duodenalis and Entamoeba histolytica.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Conventional laboratory detection methods for gastrointestinal parasites are time consuming, require considerable technical expertise and may suffer from poor analytical sensitivity. This study sought to evaluate the automated BD MAX Enteric Parasite Panel (EPP) for the detection of Cryptosporidium parvum/homin...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perry MD,Corden SA,Lewis White P

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Host- and pathogen-dependent susceptibility and predisposition to dermatophytosis.

    abstract::Dermatophytes are a highly specialized group of keratinophilic and keratinolytic filamentous fungi causing a ringworm disease called dermatophytosis or superficial mycoses. Although dermatophyte infections do not threaten the host's life, they lower its quality in humans by causing discomfort related to cosmetic probl...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gnat S,Nowakiewicz A,Łagowski D,Zięba P

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and its coinfection with Borrelia afzelii in Ixodes ricinus and Ixodes persulcatus ticks inhabiting Tver Province (Russia) - a sympatric region for both tick species.

    abstract::Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) and Lyme borreliosis (LB) are tick-borne infectious diseases caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species, respectively. In this study, p44/msp2 paralogues specific to A. phagocytophilum and 5S-23S rRNA gene-intergenic spacers specific to B. burg...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masuzawa T,Kharitonenkov IG,Okamoto Y,Fukui T,Ohashi N

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Distribution of aggA and aafA gene sequences among Escherichia coli isolates with genotypic or phenotypic characteristics, or both, of enteroaggregative E. coli.

    abstract::Two types of fimbriae, designated aggregative adherence fimbria I and II (AAF/I and AAF/II) have been described in enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) strains. These fimbriae mediate the aggregative pattern of adherence (AA) to epithelial cells. The genes encoding the structural subunit of each fimbria have been...

    journal_title:Journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elias WP,Suzart S,Trabulsi LR,Nataro JP,Gomes TAT

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00