Preclinical detection of nephrotoxicity: description of the tests and appraisal of their health significance.

Abstract:

:The prevention of renal diseases induced by chemicals requires the use of tests with which adverse renal effects can be detected at a stage when removal from exposure to the offending agent(s) may lead to complete recovery or may at least prevent an accelerated decline in renal function. The screening tests used in clinical medicine for assessing the functional integrity of the kidney are not sufficiently sensitive to attain this objective. In this review, we describe the tests currently available for detecting incipient renal damage and attempt to assess their health significance. A minimal battery of tests is recommended for the detection of groups in industry or in the general population who are at risk. If an increased prevalence of abnormal values for these parameters is found repeatedly in a population, efforts should be made to identify the causal agent(s) and, if possible, to reduce the exposure. Follow-up examinations of subjects identified in this way are also indicated, in order to define the predictive value of the detected changes better.

journal_name

Toxicol Lett

journal_title

Toxicology letters

authors

Lauwerys R,Bernard A

doi

10.1016/0378-4274(89)90113-6

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1989-03-01 00:00:00

pages

13-29

issue

1-3

eissn

0378-4274

issn

1879-3169

pii

0378-4274(89)90113-6

journal_volume

46

pub_type

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