Minimal and mild paediatric brain injury: a 3-year cohort of consecutive presentations.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To determine the number of children with minimal and mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and their demographic factors, causes, associated signs/symptoms and management. METHODS:A cross-sectional analysis of consecutive presentations to a tertiary paediatric centre. RESULTS:There were 2043 presentations of minimal and mild TBI over 3 years (minimal TBI = 79.7% [n = 1628]; mild TBI = 20.3% [n = 415]). Mean age was 5.12 years (SD = 5.14) with children ≤3 years comprising 53.2% (n = 1086). There was a bimodal distribution in mild TBI with peaks at 0-2 and 13-15 years. The male-to-female ratio was 1.6:1. Only 34.6% of GCS scores were documented. Falls caused most injury. Overall, 6.3% (n = 129) required hospital admission and 29.1% (n = 594) were reviewed clinically. CONCLUSION:Minimal and mild TBI is common, representing a significant burden on individuals, families and healthcare providers. High rates of follow-up impact on the healthcare system and warrant further investigation.

journal_name

Dev Neurorehabil

authors

Russo RN,Rice J,Chern PM,Raftos J

doi

10.3109/17518423.2011.625558

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-01-01 00:00:00

pages

13-8

issue

1

eissn

1751-8423

issn

1751-8431

journal_volume

15

pub_type

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