Effects of diabetes mellitus on myenteric neuronal density and sodium channel expression in the rat ileum.

Abstract:

:Diabetes mellitus (DM) may lead to gastrointestinal motility disorders. Rodent models of DM indicate the presence of morpho-functional abnormalities of the enteric nervous system. Here, we evaluated whether experimental DM can cause changes in the excitatory cholinergic fibers, neuronal density, and voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav) expression in the myenteric plexus of the ileum. After streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia in female rats progressed for eight weeks, triple immunofluorescence labeling experiments revealed that the neuronal density in DM rats was significantly lower than that in control. On average, the density of total neurons reduced by 52.2% (p = 0.0001), cholinergic neurons by 50.0% (p = 0.0068), and nitrergic neurons by 54.8% (p = 0.0042). The number of neurons per ganglionic area was also significantly reduced (to 28.2% of total neurons, p = 0.0002; 27.7% of cholinergic neurons, p = 0.0002, and 32.1% of nitrergic neurons, p = 0.0016). Furthermore, the density of the cholinergic fibers at the surface of the longitudinal muscle was significantly reduced (DM: 24 ± 3%; p = 0.003, control: 41 ± 2%); however, western-blot analysis did not indicate a reduction in the expression of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in the DM group. The Nav1.6 isoform was detected in different myenteric neurons of the ileum. RT-qPCR data did not suggest an alteration of transcripts for ChAT, neuronal nitric oxide synthase, Nav1.3, Nav1.6, or Nav1.7. Our data support the view that chronic DM leads to a reduction of excitatory cholinergic fibers and neuronal density. However, changes in sodium channel expression pattern, which could cause neuronal dysfunction, were not detected.

journal_name

Brain Res

journal_title

Brain research

authors

Brasileiro AD,Garcia LP,de Carvalho da Silva S,Rocha LB,Pedrosa AL,Vieira AS,da Silva VJD,Rodrigues ARA

doi

10.1016/j.brainres.2018.11.041

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-04-01 00:00:00

pages

1-9

eissn

0006-8993

issn

1872-6240

pii

S0006-8993(18)30605-X

journal_volume

1708

pub_type

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