Reliability of event-related potentials: the influence of number of trials and electrodes.


:The reliability of event-related potentials (ERPs) is an important factor determining the value of studies relating ERP components to individual differences. However, studies examining the reliability of ERPs are surprisingly scarce. The current study examines the test-retest reliability of ERP components (VPP, N170, MFN, FRN, P3, and LPP) in response to feedback stimuli combining performance feedback with emotional faces in a sample of healthy female adults. In general, ERP amplitudes showed adequate to excellent test-retest reliability across a 4-week interval, depending on the component studied. Averaging ERP amplitudes across several electrodes yielded more reliable measurements than relying on a single electrode. Averaging across multiple trials substantially improved reliability. We recommend including at least 30 trials for early, spatio-temporally narrowly distributed components (such as VPP), but substantially more, at least 60 trials, for later, broadly distributed components such as the P3.


Physiol Behav


Physiology & behavior


Huffmeijer R,Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ,Alink LR,van Ijzendoorn MH




Has Abstract


2014-05-10 00:00:00












  • Oxygen consumption and body temperature rhythms in the golden spiny mouse: responses to changes in day length.

    abstract::The golden spiny mouse Acomys russatus is a rock dwelling rodent which lives in extremely arid and hot habitats. In Israel it is nocturnal except in areas in which it coexists with the common spiny mouse A. cahirinus. In such places it is diurnal. The daily rhythms of body temperature (Tb) and oxygen consumption (VO2)...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haim A,Zisapel N

    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

  • Conditioned inhibition of antibody response and CD4 positive cells.

    abstract::Animals were assigned to three experimental groups, conditioned (cyclophosphamide-glucose treatment; C group), non-conditioned (cyclophosphamide-commercial pellet treatment; NC group) and placebo (saline solution-glucose treatment; P group). The three groups were injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) with sheep red blood ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Napolitano F,De Rosa G,Grasso F,Migliori G,Bordi A

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Maximal exercise and acute mood response in women.

    abstract::The present study was designed to characterize and assess the reliability of acute mood responses to maximal exercise in women. All subjects (N = 22; age = 45 +/- 2.5 yr; BMI = 24.3 +/- 0.9 kg/m2) participated in two maximal walking tests spaced approximately one month apart. The abbreviated Profile of Mood States (PO...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pronk NP,Crouse SF,Rohack JJ

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neuroendocrine-associated behavioral patterns in the male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).

    abstract::Steroid-responsive behaviors have been reported in various species; however, the reports thus far on the male Asian elephant (bull) during musth are few in number and most have been conducted on single captive animals for short time periods. The purpose of this investigation was to perform a longitudinal study on ster...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dickerman RD,Zachariah NY,Fouraker M,McConathy WJ

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00

  • The relation of multiple hippocampal theta cell discharge rates to slow wave theta frequency.

    abstract::Multiple theta cells in the dentate granule cell area of the hippocampal formation of the freely moving rabbit were analyzed during three behavioral conditions: (1) voluntary motor patterns, termed Type 1 theta behaviors; (2) automatic motor patterns, termed Type 2 LIA behaviors; (3) alert immobility with presentation...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bland BH,Seto MG,Rowntree CI

    更新日期:1983-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of anabolic steroids on behavior and physiological characteristics of female mice.

    abstract::Adult female mice were exposed to a combination of four anabolic-androgenic steroids for 9 weeks at doses that were either one or five times the androgenic maintenance level for male mice. Relative to control females, steroid treatment depressed gonadotropin secretion and increased both dry body weight and fat content...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bronson FH,Nguyen KQ,De La Rosa J

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • The "novelty response" in an electric fish: response properties and habituation.

    abstract::The electromotor behavior evoked by novel sensory stimuli in the electrogenic teleost fish Gnathonemus petersii was examined. Novelty responses (NRs) consisted of a transient accelerations of the rate of electric organ discharges following a change in sensory input. NRs were basically similar in nontreated and in immo...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Post N,von der Emde G

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Aggression in rainbow trout is inhibited by both MR and GR antagonists.

    abstract::The present study has investigated the effect of exogenous cortisol on aggression in juvenile rainbow trout, along with the involvement of mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid receptors (GR) mediating the effects of cortisol. Fish were fed pellets supplemented with cortisol, the GR antagonist mifepristone (RU486)...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schjolden J,Basic D,Winberg S

    更新日期:2009-12-07 00:00:00

  • Multidimensionality of behavioural phenotypes in Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua.

    abstract::Much of the inter-individual variation observed in animal behaviour is now attributed to the existence of behavioural phenotypes or animal personalities. Such phenotypes may be fundamental to fisheries and aquaculture, yet there have been few detailed studies of this phenomenon in exploited marine animals. We investig...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meager JJ,Fernö A,Skjæraasen JE,Järvi T,Rodewald P,Sverdrup G,Winberg S,Mayer I

    更新日期:2012-06-25 00:00:00

  • Amygdaloid unit activity during classical conditioning of the nictitating membrane response in rabbit.

    abstract::Single and multiple unit activity was recorded from the amygdaloid nuclei in awake unanesthestized rabbits during classical conditioning of the nictitating membrane (NM) response. Over half o the unit recordings from the amygdaloid complex demonstrated changes in firing rate following the presentation of the tone cond...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richardson RT,Thompson RF

    更新日期:1984-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary restraint and menstrual cycle phase modulated L-phenylalanine-induced satiety.

    abstract::l-phenylalanine (Phe) has been shown to elicit release of the gut hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) and reduce energy intake. Furthermore, studies in some animal models demonstrate potentiation of CCK-induced satiety by estradiol (E(2)). As E(2) is elevated in the follicular phase, we expected greater satiety effects than...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pohle-Krauza RJ,Carey KH,Pelkman CL

    更新日期:2008-03-18 00:00:00

  • Control of the temporal location of schedule-induced attack in pigeons.

    abstract::Pigeons were exposed to complex fixed-ratio schedules to assess whether the temporal location of schedule-induced attack was controlled by the discriminative properties of food or by the aversive aftereffects of food withdrawal. When exposed to a multiple fixed-ratio 25 fixed-ratio N schedule in which either fixed-rat...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flory RK,Blosser SL

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • Esculetin attenuates lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammatory processes and depressive-like behavior in mice.

    abstract::Esculetin is one of the major bioactive compounds of Cichorium intybus L. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects and possible underlying mechanism of esculetin (Esc) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammatory processes and depressive-like behavior in mice. Mice were pretreatmen...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu L,Nang C,Luo F,Pan H,Zhang K,Liu J,Zhou R,Gao J,Chang X,He H,Qiu Y,Wang J,Long H,Liu Y,Yan T

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence of a role for conditioning in the development of liking for flavours in humans in everyday life.

    abstract::The development of liking for flavours through conditioning has so far been widely demonstrated in the laboratory. The impact of conditioning in the real world however is yet to be reported. This study investigated the development of liking for flavours through conditioning in the real world as part of everyday life. ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Appleton KM,Gentry RC,Shepherd R

    更新日期:2006-03-30 00:00:00

  • Indices of stress in rats: effects of sex, perinatal alcohol and artificial rearing.

    abstract::Three groups of rats were normally reared by dams, artificially reared but not exposed to alcohol or artificially reared and exposed to 6.6 g/kg/day of ethanol condensed into 8 h of each 24-h period. Alcohol exposure was given from postnatal day 4 through 9 and artificial rearing was conducted from postnatal day 4 to ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelly SJ,Mahoney JC,Randich A,West JR

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in smiling: An evolutionary neuroandrogenic theory.

    abstract::Studies have found that, under a wide variety of social circumstances, females are more likely than males to smile. The present article offers a theoretical explanation for this difference based on the premise that testosterone (along with other sex hormones) has evolved the tendency to alter brain functioning in ways...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ellis L

    更新日期:2006-07-30 00:00:00

  • Impairment of thermoregulatory cooling behavior by single cortical spreading depression in the rat.

    abstract::Effects of single waves of unilateral cortical spreading depression (CSD) on skin-cooling operant behavior were studied in the rat with and without unilateral lesion in the preoptic and anterior hypothalamus (PO/AH). The skin-cooling behavior was severely suppressed for 6 min, with a resulting rise in rectal temperatu...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shibata M,Hori T,Kiyohara T,Nakashima T,Osaka T

    更新日期:1983-04-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of very complex taste mixtures: generous integration across constituent compounds.

    abstract::Mixtures of compounds can often be tasted even when all of their components are too weak to be tasted separately. Such mixtures are said to be integrative. Integration was demonstrated by mixing compounds in concentrations proportional to their separate detection thresholds and then measuring the detection threshold o...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stevens JC

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison between the central effects of CRH and AVP in steers.

    abstract::In cattle, the in vivo effects of centrally administered corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) or arginine vasopressin (AVP) from the perspective of stress regulation have not been fully elucidated. We compared behavioral, adrenocorticotropic, and autonomic nervous responses to intracerebroventricularly infused bCRH o...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yayou K,Sato Y,Ito S,Nakamura M

    更新日期:2008-02-27 00:00:00

  • Regulation of milk ingestion in the infant rat.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to differentiate between maternal and offspring factors involved in the control of milk ingestion. Specifically, we investigated: (1) the temporal pattern of milk ingestion in fasted and non-fasted sucklings; (2) the amount of milk released as compared to that of milk available; and (3) the r...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lau C,Henning SJ

    更新日期:1984-11-01 00:00:00

  • Plasma lactate levels during baseline and blood pressure conditioning in the baboon.

    abstract::Lactic acid in arterial blood, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and heart rates of baboons were examined for three naive subjects, and for five experimental subjects during baseline conditions and during training to elevate diastolic blood pressure through operant conditioning methodology. Lactic acid and cardi...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harris AH,Turkkan JS

    更新日期:1982-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hormonal reactions to fighting in rat colonies: prolactin rises during defence, not during offence.

    abstract::Male Wistar rats living in colonies of 4 males plus 4 females were compared to noncolony males, cohabitating with a female. Irreversible dominance relationships developed between one dominant male (D) and three subordinates (S). Dominants developed high basal testosterone levels and large preputial glands. Subordinate...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dijkstra H,Tilders FJ,Hiehle MA,Smelik PG

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Two eyes are better than one: superior binocular discrimination learning in pigeons.

    abstract::Four groups of pigeons each were trained to perform four visual-discrimination tasks of varying difficulty. Two groups received the training binocularly and the other two monocularly. Two types of stimulus displays were used. In one display the two pecking keys were mounted in a horizontal arrangement, whereas, in the...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watanabe S,Hodos W,Bessette BB

    更新日期:1984-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological manipulations of dopamine and opioids have differential effects on sexually motivated song in male European starlings.

    abstract::Vocal communication is common among social vertebrates, though little is known about the neural mechanisms regulating the motivation to communicate. This study examined a possible role for dopamine and opioids in sexually motivated song in male European starlings. The dopamine reuptake inhibitor GBR-12909 increased si...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schroeder MB,Riters LV

    更新日期:2006-07-30 00:00:00

  • Cardiac autonomic responses to intermittent social conflict in rats.

    abstract::Intermittent exposure to the same stressor can lead to a gradual decline in physiological, neuroendocrine and behavioral stress responses (habituation). We investigated possible habituation of cardiac autonomic responsiveness and susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias in male rats exposed to either intermittent social ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sgoifo A,Pozzato C,Costoli T,Manghi M,Stilli D,Ferrari PF,Ceresini G,Musso E

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Angiotensin II (de)sensitization: Fluid intake studies with implications for cardiovascular control.

    abstract::Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and hypertension is the most common risk factor for death. Although many anti-hypertensive pharmacotherapies are approved for use in the United States, rates of hypertension have increased over the past decade. This review article summarizes a presentation...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Daniels D

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of soup preloads on gastric emptying and fullness ratings following an egg sandwich meal.

    abstract::To identify the source of inhibitory signals from the stomach or intestine that lead to satiation, the effects of 300-g tomato soup preloads on the gastric emptying of a solid meal and on hunger and fullness ratings were examined. Subjects were nine healthy women who each ingested an egg sandwich: 1) with no soup, 2) ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spiegel TA,Kaplan JM,Alavi A,Kim PS,Tse KK

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Changes on auditory physiology in response to the inactivation of amygdala nuclei in high anxiety rats expressing learned fear.

    abstract::The inferior colliculus (IC) is primarily involved in the processing of acoustic stimuli, including those emitted by prey and predators. The role of the central nucleus of the IC (CIC) in fear and anxiety has been suggested based on electrophysiological, behavioral and immunohistochemical studies. The reactivity of hi...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nobre MJ

    更新日期:2013-06-13 00:00:00

  • Transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by a progressive loss of cognitive function. Despite considerable progress, a complete description of the molecular pathology of this disease has yet to be elucidated. In this respect, the need for an animal model that develops some or all aspects...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Janus C,Westaway D

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioural response of sexually naïve and experienced male rats to the smell of 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one and female rat faeces.

    abstract::Sexually experienced male rats display penile erections when exposed to faeces from mammalian females in oestrus (Rampin et al., Behav Brain Res, 172:169, 2006), suggesting that specific odours indicate female receptiveness across species. However, it is unknown to what extent the sexual response observed results from...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nielsen BL,Jerôme N,Saint-Albin A,Rampin O,Maurin Y

    更新日期:2013-08-15 00:00:00