Sex differences in brain and personality correlates of the ability to identify popular word associations.


:The ability of men to identify popular word associations had earlier been shown to be affected by left-sided thalamic surgery for movement disorders; now, over a year later, the impairment has been observed with operations on both sides. In addition, upon testing at approximately the same time interval, men who had undergone temporal lobe surgery for epilepsy have also shown the impairment. In contrast, women have improved after the operations. The Word Association Test (WAT) requires a subject to identify popular word associations to 54 words. In a large group of unoperated subjects, the errors on the WAT were greater for men than for women, although the men scored higher on the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale (WB). WAT scores were found to correlate with scores on the WB and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, and the WAT scores of the men tended to show a higher correlation with these measures than did those of the women.


Behav Neurosci


Behavioral neuroscience


Lansdell H




Has Abstract


1989-08-01 00:00:00












  • The role of perirhinal cortex in visual discrimination learning for visual secondary reinforcement in rats.

    abstract::Perirhinal cortex in monkeys has been thought to be involved in visual associative learning. The authors examined rats' ability to make associations between visual stimuli in a visual secondary reinforcement task. Rats learned 2-choice visual discriminations for secondary visual reinforcement. They showed significant ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eacott MJ,Norman G,Gaffan EA

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Conditioned brain-stimulation reward attenuates the acoustic startle reflex in rats.

    abstract::The acoustic startle reflex (ASR) in rats is attenuated by a light paired with food or, in humans, by "pleasant" pictures. Rats were trained to barpress for lateral hypothalamus (LH) stimulation. ASR amplitudes were then measured at 4 intensities, with or without a light. Control rats that did not receive brain-stimul...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steidl S,Li L,Yeomans JS

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral sensitization to cocaine, but not cocaine-conditioned behavior, is associated with increased dopamine occupation of its receptors in the nucleus accumbens.

    abstract::Rats had repeated treatments with cocaine associated with a specific context (paired group). Evidence for classical conditioning of cocaine's motor-activity effects and context-specific behavioral sensitization to cocaine was obtained, relative to vehicle-treated (control) and pseudoconditioned (unpaired) groups. Only...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burechailo L,Martin-Iverson MT

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Strychnine increases acoustic startle amplitude but does not alter short-term or long-term habituation.

    abstract::Theories of habituation have included an increase in postsynaptic inhibition as one possible mechanism underlying response decrement following repetitive stimulus presentation. In this study, the glycine antagonist strychnine (1.0 mg/kg, ip, 10 min pretreatment) was used to investigate the involvement of glycinergic n...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kehne JH,Davis M

    更新日期:1984-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of benzodiazepine receptor ligands on the ingestion of sucrose, intralipid, and maltodextrin: an investigation using a microstructural analysis of licking behavior in a brief contact test.

    abstract::Microstructural analysis of licking behavior in the rat was conducted (a) to describe in detail the characteristics of benzodiazepine-induced changes in ingestion and (b) to determine if the changes are consistent with an alteration in palatability. The effects of the benzodiazepine receptor (BZR) agonist midazolam (0...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Higgs S,Cooper SJ

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Abnormal topography and altered acquisition of conditioned eyeblink responses in a rodent model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

    abstract::The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been suggested as a possible animal model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Reductions in the volume of the cerebellum and impairments in cerebellar-dependent eyeblink conditioning have been observed in ADHD, prompting investigation into whether SHRs also ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chess AC,Green JT

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of passive-avoidance training on sleep-wake state-specific activity in the basolateral and central nuclei of the amygdala.

    abstract::This study examined the effects of intense emotional learning on the sleep-wake state-specific electroencephalographic (EEG) activities of the basolateral (BLA) and central (CeA) nuclei of the amygdala. Rats were trained on a passive-avoidance learning (PAL) protocol that was followed by 6 hr of undisturbed polygraphi...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mavanji V,Siwek DF,Patterson EH,Spoley EE,Datta S

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Amygdalo-striatal interaction in the enhancement of stimulus salience in associative learning.

    abstract::Function of the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) is critical to 2 aspects of attention in associative learning: the conditioning of orienting responses (ORs) to cues paired with food, and the enhancement of cue salience by the surprising omission of expected events. Such salience enhancements have been found to d...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Esber GR,Torres-Tristani K,Holland PC

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • A history of bingeing on fat enhances cocaine seeking and taking.

    abstract::Binge eating and substance dependence are disorders characterized by a loss of control over consummatory behaviors. Given the common characteristics of these two types of disorders, it is not surprising that the comorbidity between eating disorders and substance abuse disorders is high (20-40%; Conason et al., 2006). ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Puhl MD,Cason AM,Wojnicki FH,Corwin RL,Grigson PS

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Recovery of function after brain damage: facilitation by the calcium entry blocker nimodipine.

    abstract::Large neocortical injuries can interfere with the initial performance of many previously learned behaviors. This dysfunction, however, may not be attributable to the loss of the memories of learned behaviors but to a failure to access memories that are spared. The results of this experiment support this hypothesis by ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: LeVere TE,Brugler T,Sandin M,Gray-Silva S

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Strain differences in patterns of drug-intake during prolonged access to cocaine self-administration.

    abstract::The current study examined possible interactions between genetic factors and prolonged drug access by testing the Fischer (F344), Lewis (LEW), and Wistar rat strains in a prolonged access cocaine self-administration (SA) procedure. Before prolonged access, the strains did not differ in breakpoints for food or cocaine ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freeman KB,Kearns DN,Kohut SJ,Riley AL

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term study of chronic oral aluminum exposure and spatial working memory in rats.

    abstract::The authors report an effort to advance animal models that mimic the cognitive decline of Alzheimer's disease. Rats were trained and repeatedly tested in a spatial delayed matching-to-position paradigm in the water maze, with the location of the submerged platform changing between, but not within, days. After Trial 1 ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Linstow Roloff E,Platt B,Riedel G

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Medial dorsal thalamic lesions impair blocking and latent inhibition of the conditioned eyeblink response in rats.

    abstract::The effects of lesions of the medial dorsal thalamic nucleus (MD) on blocking and latent inhibition (LI) of the rat eyeblink response were examined in the present study. Previous work has demonstrated that the cingulate cortex and related thalamic areas are involved in processing conditioning stimuli throughout traini...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nicholson DA,Freeman JH Jr

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Naloxone, preshock, and defensive burying.

    abstract::Rats were injected with naloxone hydrochloride (3 mg/kg) or saline and subjected to preshock or no preshock prior to receiving a test shock that elicited defensive burying. Preshock was administered in a context different from, or the same as, that in which the test shock was delivered. The combination of naloxone and...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Whiteside DA,Devenport LD

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • Tonic and phasic activation and arousal effects as a function of feedback in repetitive-choice reaction time tasks.

    abstract::This study examines the effects of positive and negative feedback on performance during choice reaction time tasks to assess whether they differentially affect phasic arousal and tonic activation. Participants (N = 96) received either no feedback or signals of reward, punishment, or both during a semantic and a visuos...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Brabander B,Declerck CH,Boone C

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Aggression upon adolescent cocaine exposure linked to serotonin anomalies: theoretical comment on Ricci et al. (2004).

    abstract::Aggressive tendencies may be linked to the psychopharmacology of cocaine, yet few experimental approaches have been brought to bear on understanding the neurobiological implications of cocaine exposure during the developmentally sensitive period of adolescence. In this issue, Melloni and coauthors (L. A. Ricci, J. M. ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cunningham KA

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Tactile stimulation during development attenuates amphetamine sensitization and structurally reorganizes prefrontal cortex and striatum in a sex-dependent manner.

    abstract::This study investigated the effect of postnatal tactile stimulation (TS) on juvenile behavior, adult amphetamine (AMPH) sensitization, and the interaction of TS and AMPH on prefrontal cortical (PFC) thickness and striatum size. Pups received TS by stroking daily with a feather duster from birth till weaning and were t...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muhammad A,Hossain S,Pellis SM,Kolb B

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Amphetamine-induced behavioral phenotype in a hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase-deficient mouse model of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.

    abstract::In humans, congenital deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) results in a disorder known as the Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Patients with this disorder exhibit a prominent neurobehavioral phenotype that results in part from dysfunction of catecholaminergic systems in the striatum. HPR...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jinnah HA,Gage FH,Friedmann T

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment with a serotonin-depleting regimen of MDMA prevents conditioned place preference to sex in male rats.

    abstract::Among young adults, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a popular drug of abuse, and anecdotal evidence indicates that repeated use of MDMA may result in impairments in sexual function and decreased sex drive in human users. There has been little investigation of the effects of MDMA on sexual functi...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Straiko MM,Gudelsky GA,Coolen LM

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Overt orienting in the rat: parametric studies of cued detection of visual targets.

    abstract::Covert shifts of visual attention in space have been quantified by measuring the effects of visual cues on the detection of visual targets in humans and monkeys maintaining visual fixation. These observations of "covert orienting" have provided important information regarding the neurobiology of visual attention in pr...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bushnell PJ

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Consequences of serial cortical, hippocampal, and thalamic lesions and of different lengths of overtraining on the acquisition and retention of learning tasks.

    abstract::The ability of the rat brain to acquire or to retain specific learning tasks was tested under conditions of multiple lesions and widely different amounts of practice. Lesion targets were (a) the medial prefrontal and cingulate cortex, (b) the anterior and mediodorsal thalamus, and (c) the dorsal and ventral hippocampu...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Markowitsch HJ,Kessler J,Streicher M

    更新日期:1985-04-01 00:00:00

  • Differential behavioral response to dopamine D2 agonists by sexually naive, sexually active, and sexually inactive male rats.

    abstract::This study was performed with male rats categorized as sexually naive (SN), sexually active (SA), or sexually inactive (SI). In a first experiment the effects of dopamine (DA) D2 agonist SND 919 (0.05, 1, and 10 mg/kg) on the copulatory behavior of SN, SA and SI rats were assessed. In a second experiment the DA D2 ago...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giuliani D,Ferrari F

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Habituation of the acoustic and the tactile startle responses in mice: two independent sensory processes.

    abstract::To test whether habituation is specific to the stimulus modality, the authors analyzed cross-habituation between the tactile startle response' (TSR) and the acoustic startle response (ASR). The acoustic artifacts of airpuffs used to elicit the TSR were reduced by using a silencer and were effectively masked by backgro...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pilz PK,Carl TD,Plappert CF

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Dissociable properties of memory systems: differences in the flexibility of declarative and nondeclarative knowledge.

    abstract::Amnesic patients (n = 8), who have severely impaired declarative memory, learned a probabilistic classification task at the same rate as normal subjects (n = 16) but subsequently were impaired on transfer tests that required flexible use of their task knowledge. A second group of controls (n = 20) rated the questions ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reber PJ,Knowlton BJ,Squire LR

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Abdominal vagotomy alters the structure of the ingestive behavior of rats ingesting liquid diets.

    abstract::A microstructural analysis of the licking behavior of the rat was used to investigate the effects of total abdominal vagotomy on ingestive behavior. Vagotomy decreased the meal size of milk and 3 concentrations of sucrose. The decrease was due to an increase in the decline in the rate of licking during the meal, sugge...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis JD,Smith GP,Kung TM

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of hydrocortisone on false memory recognition in healthy men and women.

    abstract::Most of the studies focusing on the effect of stress on false memories by using psychosocial and physiological stressors yielded diverse results. In the present study, we systematically tested the effect of exogenous hydrocortisone using a false memory paradigm. In this placebo-controlled study, 37 healthy men and 38 ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duesenberg M,Weber J,Schaeuffele C,Fleischer J,Hellmann-Regen J,Roepke S,Moritz S,Otte C,Wingenfeld K

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Quantitative analysis of the relation between gill amplitude and siphon duration in the defensive withdrawal reflex of Aplysia.

    abstract::The defensive withdrawal reflex of the mantle organs (gill, siphon, and mantle shelf) of the marine mollusc Aplysia californica has been the subject of numerous studies investigating the cellular and molecular mechanisms of learning. In behavioral experiments, the reflex has been monitored by means of two different re...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stopfer M,Carew TJ

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impairments in negative patterning, but not simple discrimination learning, in rats with 192 IgG-saporin lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis.

    abstract::Rats with 192 IgG-saporin lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) and sham-operated rats were trained in either a simple discrimination paradigm assessing simple association learning or a negative patterning paradigm assessing configural association learning. In the simple discrimination task, rats were r...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butt AE,Noble MM,Rogers JL,Rea TE

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Opioids and attachment in rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) abusive mothers.

    abstract::This study investigated the role of the endogenous opioid system in maternal and affiliative behavior of group-living rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) mothers with a history of abusive parenting. Eighteen mothers received an injection of the opioid antagonist naltrexone or saline for 5 days per week for the first 4 wee...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graves FC,Wallen K,Maestripieri D

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • The development of a conditioned place preference to morphine: effects of lesions of various CNS sites.

    abstract::This study examined the neural substrates underlying the development of a conditioned place preference (CPP) to morphine (2 mg/kg x 3 pairings) by testing whether lesions of 7 different neural sites block a morphine-induced CPP. Lesions of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPTg), the periaqueductal gray (PAG), o...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olmstead MC,Franklin KB

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00