Cooking fuel type, household ventilation, and the risk of acute lower respiratory illness in urban Bangladeshi children: a longitudinal study.


UNLABELLED:Acute lower respiratory illnesses (ALRI) are the leading cause of death among children <5 years. Studies have found that biomass cooking fuels are an important risk factor for ALRI. However, few studies have evaluated the influence of natural household ventilation indicators on ALRI. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between cooking fuel, natural household ventilation, and ALRI. During October 17, 2004-September 30, 2005, children <5 years living in a low-income neighborhood of Dhaka, Bangladesh, were assessed weekly for ALRI and surveyed quarterly about biomass fuel use, electric fan ownership, and natural household ventilation (windows, ventilation grates, and presence of a gap between the wall and ceiling). Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed using generalized estimating equations. Six thousand and seventy-nine children <5 years enrolled during the study period (99% participation) experienced 1291 ALRI. In the multivariate model, ≥2 windows [OR = 0.75, 95% CI = (0.58, 0.96)], ventilation grates [OR = 0.80, 95% CI = (0.65, 0.98)], and not owning an electric fan [OR = 1.50, 95% CI = (1.21, 1.88)] were associated with ALRI; gap presence and using biomass fuels were not associated with ALRI. Structural factors that might improve household air circulation and exchange were associated with decreased ALRI risk. Improved natural ventilation might reduce ALRI among children in low-income families. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS:The World Health Organization has stated that controlling pneumonia is a priority for achieving the fourth Millennium Development Goal, which calls for a two-third reduction in mortality of children <5 years old compared to the 1990 baseline. Our study represents an important finding of a modifiable risk factor that might decrease the burden of respiratory illness among children living in Bangladesh and other low-income settings similar to our study site. We found that the existence of at least two windows in the child's sleeping room was associated with a 25% decreased ALRI risk. Increasing available natural ventilation within the household in similar settings has the potential to reduce childhood mortality because of acute lower respiratory illnesses.


Indoor Air


Indoor air


Murray EL,Brondi L,Kleinbaum D,McGowan JE,Van Mels C,Brooks WA,Goswami D,Ryan PB,Klein M,Bridges CB




Has Abstract


2012-04-01 00:00:00












  • Biomass fuel smoke exposure was associated with adverse cardiac remodeling and left ventricular dysfunction in Peru.

    abstract::While household air pollution from biomass fuel combustion has been linked to cardiovascular disease, the effects on cardiac structure and function have not been well described. We sought to determine the association between biomass fuel smoke exposure and cardiac structure and function by transthoracic echocardiograp...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burroughs Peña MS,Velazquez EJ,Rivera JD,Alenezi F,Wong C,Grigsby M,Davila-Roman VG,Gilman RH,Miranda JJ,Checkley W

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of endotoxin and 3-hydroxy fatty acid levels in air and settled dust from commercial aircraft cabins.

    abstract::Endotoxin was measured in air and dust samples collected during four commercial aircraft flights. Samples were analyzed for endotoxin biological activity using the Limulus assay. 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH FA) of carbon chain lengths C10:0-C18:0 were determined in dust by gas chromatography-ion trap tandem mass spect...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hines CJ,Waters MA,Larsson L,Petersen MR,Saraf A,Milton DK

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Olfactory detection of ozone and D-limonene: reactants in indoor spaces.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Young adult subjects who occupied a well-ventilated space with low background of level of ozone achieved via carbon-filtration could detect ozone odor at 7 ppb, lower than expected from archival compilations. The outcome was not inconsistent, however, with some observations of recognition, beyond mere detect...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cain WS,Schmidt R,Wolkoff P

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Quantitative aerobiologic analysis of an influenza human challenge-transmission trial.

    abstract::Despite evidence that airborne transmission contributes to influenza epidemics, limited knowledge of the infectiousness of human influenza cases hinders pandemic preparedness. We used airborne viral source strength and indoor CO2 monitoring from the largest human influenza challenge-transmission trial (EMIT: Evaluatin...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bueno de Mesquita PJ,Noakes CJ,Milton DK

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Indoor environmental quality in a 'low allergen' school and three standard primary schools in Western Australia.

    abstract::To investigate indoor environmental quality in classrooms, assessments were undertaken in a 'low allergen' school and three standard primary schools in Western Australia. Dust allergens, air pollutants and physical parameters were monitored in the four schools at four times (summer school term, autumn holiday, winter ...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang G,Spickett J,Rumchev K,Lee AH,Stick S

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Human convection flow in spaces with and without ventilation: personal exposure to floor-released particles and cough-released droplets.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:The effects of the human convective boundary layer (CBL), room airflow patterns, and their velocities on personal exposure are examined. Two pollutants are studied which simulate particles released from the feet and generated at distances of 2 and 3 m by a human cough. A thermal manikin whose body shape, siz...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Licina D,Melikov A,Pantelic J,Sekhar C,Tham KW

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Removal of contaminants released from room surfaces by displacement and mixing ventilation: modeling and validation.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:This paper presents the experimental and numerical modeling of contaminant dispersion in a full-scale environmental chamber with different room air distribution systems. For the experimental modeling, an area source with uniform emissions of a hypothetical contaminant (SF6) from the entire floor surface is d...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: He G,Yang X,Srebric J

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Use of a robotic sampling platform to assess young children's exposure to indoor bioaerosols.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Indoor exposures to allergens, mold spores, and endotoxin have been suggested as etiological agents of asthma; therefore, accurate determination of those exposures, especially in young children (6-36 months), is important for understanding the development of asthma. Because use of personal sampling equipment...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Z,Shalat SL,Black K,Lioy PJ,Stambler AA,Emoekpere OH,Hernandez M,Han T,Ramagopal M,Mainelis G

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Removal of viable bioaerosol particles with a low-efficiency HVAC filter enhanced by continuous emission of unipolar air ions.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Continuous emission of unipolar ions has been shown to improve the performance of respirators and stationary filters challenged with non-biological particles. In this study, we investigated the ion-induced enhancement effect while challenging a low-efficiency heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) ...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang R,Agranovski I,Pyankov O,Grinshpun S

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Molds in floor dust and building-related symptoms among adolescent school children: a problem for boys only?

    abstract:UNLABELLED:In this stratified cross-sectional study in eight 'wet' and seven 'dry' schools, 1024 adolescent school children reported potentially building-related symptoms (BRS) in self-administrated questionnaires. From their classrooms dust samples were collected from floors, ventilation ducts, and air; settled dust w...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meyer HW,Würtz H,Suadicani P,Valbjørn O,Sigsgaard T,Gyntelberg F,Members of a Working Group under the Danish Mold in Buildings program (DAMIB).

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of risk factor profiles concerning self-reported skin complaints and objectively determined skin symptoms in German office workers.

    abstract::The correspondence between impact factor profiles of self-reported skin sensation and of objectively determined skin symptoms was examined using data from the ProKlimA project (1994-1999). A sub-sample of 925 office workers participated in measurements of skin hydration and sebum content and responded to a questionnai...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brasche S,Bullinger M,Schwab R,Gebhardt H,Herzog V,Bischof W

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Particle size distributions and concentrations of airborne endotoxin using novel collection methods in homes during the winter and summer seasons.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:A comparison study of novel collection methods for airborne bacteria and endotoxin was performed in an environmentally controlled chamber and in pilot-field studies. Airborne particulate matter was collected in swirling liquid impingers, air-monitoring filter cassettes, and with a micro-orifice uniform depos...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kujundzic E,Hernandez M,Miller SL

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Indoor gaseous air pollutants determinants in office buildings-The OFFICAIR project.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to identify determinants of aldehyde and volatile organic compound (VOC) indoor air concentrations in a sample of more than 140 office rooms, in the framework of the European OFFICAIR research project. A large field campaign was performed, which included (a) the air sampling of aldehydes and ...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spinazzè A,Campagnolo D,Cattaneo A,Urso P,Sakellaris IA,Saraga DE,Mandin C,Canha N,Mabilia R,Perreca E,Mihucz VG,Szigeti T,Ventura G,de Oliveira Fernandes E,de Kluizenaar Y,Cornelissen E,Hänninen O,Carrer P,Wolkoff P

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental study of ventilation performance and contaminant distribution of underfloor ventilation systems vs. traditional ceiling-based ventilation system.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Ventilation performance and pollutant distribution in a traditional ceiling-type ventilation system, a top-return (TR)-type and a floor-return (FR)-type underfloor ventilation systems were performed in a controlled experimental room. Tracer gas method was utilized to determine the age of air and the contamin...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chao CY,Wan MP

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Simulating the human body's microclimate using automatic coupling of CFD and an advanced thermoregulation model.

    abstract::This study aims to develop an approach to couple a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver to the University of California, Berkeley (UCB) thermal comfort model to accurately evaluate thermal comfort. The coupling was made using an iterative JavaScript to automatically transfer data for each individual segment of th...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Voelker C,Alsaad H

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and risk factors associated with nonspecific building-related symptoms in office employees in Japan: relationships between work environment, Indoor Air Quality, and occupational stress.

    abstract::A nationwide cross-sectional study of 3335 employees was conducted in 320 offices in Japan to estimate the prevalence of building-related symptoms (BRSs) and determine the risk factors related to work environment, Indoor Air Quality, and occupational stress. Data were collected through self-administered questionnaires...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Azuma K,Ikeda K,Kagi N,Yanagi U,Osawa H

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Indoor organophosphate and polybrominated flame retardants in Tokyo.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:In Japan, organophosphate and polybrominated flame retardants are used in building materials and electric appliances to protect them from fire hazards. In this study, to identify the emission sources of these flame retardants to indoor air, the migration rates (flux) of organophosphate and polybrominated fla...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saito I,Onuki A,Seto H

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Of microbes and men.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Moisture accumulation in building structures, the microbial ecology of water-damaged sites and human exposure to biological contaminants are complex phenomena and may result in various types of indoor air pollution and adverse health outcomes. Commonly reported are building-related irritation symptoms, respi...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nevalainen A,Seuri M

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Machine learning and statistical models for predicting indoor air quality.

    abstract::Indoor air quality (IAQ), as determined by the concentrations of indoor air pollutants, can be predicted using either physically based mechanistic models or statistical models that are driven by measured data. In comparison with mechanistic models mostly used in unoccupied or scenario-based environments, statistical m...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wei W,Ramalho O,Malingre L,Sivanantham S,Little JC,Mandin C

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of formaldehyde emission with field and laboratory emission cell (FLEC)--recovery and correlation to the chamber method.

    abstract::The formaldehyde emission from wood-based building materials is usually determined in large chambers at a defined temperature, humidity and ventilation rate. In this article, a simpler method, the Field and Laboratory Emission Cell (FLEC), is described for determination of the formaldehyde emission and it is compared ...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Risholm-Sundman M

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Measured concentrations of combustion gases from the use of unvented gas fireplaces.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Measurements of combustion product concentrations were taken in 30 homes where unvented gas fireplaces were used. Measurements of CO, CO(2), NO(x), NO(2) , O(2) (depletion), and water vapor were taken at 1-min interval. The analyzers were calibrated with certified calibration gases for each placement and wer...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Francisco PW,Gordon JR,Rose B

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Particle dose estimation from frying in residential settings.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Fumes produced during frying have been implicated as a potential cause for the increased incidence of adenocarcinoma. Particulate matter exposure has also been linked with other pulmonary and coronary disease. This study investigated the contribution of frying in residential settings to ultrafine and fine pa...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans GJ,Peers A,Sabaliauskas K

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Indoor/outdoor relationships of carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen in domestic homes with roadside, urban and rural locations in a central Indian region.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Indoor air quality (IAQ) has been a matter of public concern these days whereas air pollution is normally monitored outdoors as part of obligations under the National air quality strategies. Much little is known about levels of air pollution indoors. Simultaneous measurements of indoor and outdoor carbon mon...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lawrence AJ,Masih A,Taneja A

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Sorptive interactions between VOCs and indoor materials.

    abstract::This study was carried out using various materials (carpet, gypsum board, upholstery, vinyl and wood flooring, acoustic tiles, and fruit) that were exposed to eight gaseous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (isopropanol, MTBE, cyclohexane, toluene, ethylbenzene, tetrachloroethene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, and 1,2,4-trichl...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Won D,Corsi RL,Rynes M

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to organophosphate and polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants via indoor dust and childhood asthma.

    abstract::Although the ubiquitous detection of polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) and organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) in indoor dust has raised health concerns, only very few epidemiological studies have assessed their impact on human health. Inhalation of dust is one of the exposure routes of FRs, especially in child...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Canbaz D,van Velzen MJ,Hallner E,Zwinderman AH,Wickman M,Leonards PE,van Ree R,van Rijt LS

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Respiratory effects of experimental exposure to office dust.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:The aim of this experiment was to test if healthy persons respond to exposures to normal office dust with objective or subjective effects in a dose-related way. If they did, the importance of their personal characteristics should be investigated. This paper presents the results related to respiratory effects...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Mølhave L,Kjaergaard SK,Attermann J

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Association of gas cooking with children's respiratory health: results from GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohort studies.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Previous studies have found inconsistent results on the association between asthma in children and gas cooking emissions. We aimed to assess the effects of the long-term exposure to gas cooking on the onset of asthma and respiratory symptoms, focusing on wheezing, in children from two German birth cohorts: L...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Casas L,Tischer C,Tiesler C,Brüske I,Koletzko S,Bauer CP,Wichmann HE,von Berg A,Berdel D,Krämer U,Schaaf B,Lehmann I,Herbarth O,Heinrich J,GINIplus and LISAplus Study Group.

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Indoor thermal stratification and its statistical distribution.

    abstract::Thermal stratification is established when warmer air rises and cooler air descends under thermal buoyancy. It occurs in indoor environment situations including large warehouse-type buildings, buoyancy-driven ventilated spaces with displacement, underfloor ventilation, and/or natural ventilation, and enclosure fires w...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang LL,Zhang X,Qi D

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental validation of a computational fluid dynamics model for IAQ applications in ice rink arenas.

    abstract::Many ice rink arenas have ice resurfacing equipment that uses fossil fuel as power. The combustion byproducts are a major source of contamination. Ventilation along with other pollution source control measures is the most widely applied strategy to lower the contaminant level below the threshold limit and maintain acc...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang C,Demokritou P,Chen Q,Spengler J

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Variations of formaldehyde and VOC levels during 3 years in new and older homes.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Indoor air organic compounds were continuously monitored during 3 years in new and older homes which were voluntarily selected throughout countries. The levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the new homes decreased markedly after 1 year, and steady emissions of VOCs were obtained in the initial mont...

    journal_title:Indoor air

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park JS,Ikeda K

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00