Assessment of neonatal tetanus elimination in an African setting by lot quality assurance cluster sampling (LQA-CS).


:Neonatal tetanus (NT) elimination, < 1 case per 1,000 live births (LB), was assessed at district level in Zimbabwe using a combined lot quality assurance-cluster sampling survey (LQA-CS). Three of the highest risk districts were selected. NT was considered eliminated if fewer than a specified number of NT deaths (proxy for NT cases) were found in the sample determined using operating characteristic curves and tables. TT2 + vaccine coverage was measured in mothers who gave birth 1-13 months before the survey and women aged 15-49 years. NT was considered as eliminated, TT2+ coverage was 78% (95% CI 71-82%) in women aged 15-49 and 83% (95% CI 76-89%) in mothers. The survey cost 30,000 US dollars excluding costs of consultants. NT incidence was below the elimination threshold (< 1/1,000 LB) in the surveyed districts and probably in all districts. LQA-CS is a practical, relatively cost effective field method which can be applied in an African setting to assess NT elimination status.


Epidemiol Infect


Cotter B,Bremer V,Stroh G,Msambichaka K,Mabuzane E,Munyoro M,Shirehwa F,Biellik R,Birmingham M




Has Abstract


2003-04-01 00:00:00












  • The importance of distinguishing COVID-19 from more common respiratory illnesses.

    abstract::We recruited 1591 patients who presented to our fever clinics from 23 January 2020 to 16 February 2020. The different imaging findings between COVID-19 pneumonia and influenza A viruses, influenza B virus pneumonia were also investigated. Most patients were infected by influenza A and B viruses in the flu-season. A la...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhao W,Xie X,Liu J

    更新日期:2020-09-02 00:00:00

  • Death investigation systems and disease surveillance.

    abstract::Medico-legal death investigation systems have the potential to play an important role in disease surveillance. While these systems are in place to serve a public function, the degree to which they are independent of central government can vary depending on jurisdiction. How these systems use this independence may pres...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McGowan CR,Viens AM

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal infection during pregnancy and type 1 diabetes mellitus in offspring: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Previous studies have demonstrated that type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) could be triggered by an early childhood infection. Whether maternal infection during pregnancy is associated with T1DM in offspring is unknown. Therefore, we aimed to study the association using a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eighteen stu...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Yue Y,Tang Y,Tang J,Shi J,Zhu T,Huang J,Qiu X,Zeng Y,Li W,Qu Y,Mu D

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Increase of immunity to rubella and interruption of rubella transmission in Gipuzkoa (Basque Country, Spain) after an enhanced vaccination programme.

    abstract::In Spain, vaccination against rubella was initiated in schoolgirls in the mid-1970s. In Gipuzkoa, subsequent extensions to the vaccination schedule culminated in 1992 with the introduction of the two-dose measles, mumps and rubella vaccine in children and adolescents of both sexes. Moreover, in 1985 a programme for th...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cilla G,Dorronsoro M,Sáenz-Domínguez JR,Serrano E,Pérez-Trallero E

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Association of HIV transmission categories with sociodemographic, viroimmunological and clinical parameters of HIV-infected patients.

    abstract::To analyse sociodemographic, viroimmunological and clinical parameters in different HIV-transmission categories at baseline and during treatment, 3039 patients were followed up for 12 months after the initiation of a nelfinavir-based regimen. Multiple baseline parameters were significantly different in the diverse cat...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collazos J,Asensi V,Carton JA,Grupo Español para el Estudio Multifactorial de la Adherencia (GEEMA).

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of self-financed rotavirus vaccines on hospital stays and costs in Spain after a 3-year introductory period.

    abstract::Vaccination has reduced rotavirus hospitalizations by 25% in European regions with low-moderate vaccine availability. We aimed to quantify the reduction in hospital costs after the longest period in which Rotarix® and Rotateq® were simultaneously commercially available in Spain. Cases, length of stay (LOS), and diagno...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Redondo-González O,Tenías-Burillo JM,Ruiz-Gonzalo J

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Interactive effects of age and respiratory virus on severe lower respiratory infection.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prasad N,Trenholme AA,Huang QS,Thompson MG,Pierse N,Widdowson MA,Wood T,Seeds R,Taylor S,Grant CC,Newbern EC,SHIVERS team.

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis B prevalence in the Turkish population of Arnhem: implications for national screening policy?

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richter C,Beest GT,Sancak I,Aydinly R,Bulbul K,Laetemia-Tomata F,De Leeuw M,Waegemaekers T,Swanink C,Roovers E

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Human herpesvirus-8 antibodies and DNA in HIV-1 infected patients in South Africa.

    abstract::HIV-infected individuals with high levels of IgG antibodies against human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) are at increased risk of developing Kaposi's sarcoma. The aim of this study was to measure the association between HHV-8 viraemia and IgG antibody responses (by immunofluorescence) in a group of 201 HIV-infected individuals...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alagiozoglou L,Morris L,Bredell H,Martin DJ,Sitas F

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Genotyping of hepatitis C virus isolates from Basque Country, Spain.

    abstract::The genotype of HCV was determined in 161 chronic HCV-infected patients. The patients were classified into three groups on the basis of the origin of the HCV infection: 50 patients had a history of intravenous drug use (IVDU) but no HIV infection; 41 patients had received blood transfusions, and 70 patients had no kno...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cilla G,García-Bengoechea M,Perez-Trallero E,Montalvo I,Vicente D,Arenas JI

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Grouping of Salmonella enterica serotype Montevideo strains by ribotyping and IS200 profiling.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Old DC,Chisholm SA,Crichton PB,Taylor A

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for and influence of bloodstream infections on mortality: a 1-year prospective study in a Greek intensive-care unit.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pratikaki M,Platsouka E,Sotiropoulou C,Vassilakopoulos T,Paniara O,Roussos C,Routsi C

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Attribution of human Salmonella infections to animal and food sources in Italy (2002-2010): adaptations of the Dutch and modified Hald source attribution models.

    abstract::The Dutch and modified Hald source attribution models were adapted to Italian Salmonella data to attribute human infections caused by the top 30 serotypes between 2002 and 2010 to four putative sources (Gallus gallus, turkeys, pigs, ruminants), at the points of animal reservoir (farm), exposure (food), and both combin...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mughini-Gras L,Barrucci F,Smid JH,Graziani C,Luzzi I,Ricci A,Barco L,Rosmini R,Havelaar AH,VAN Pelt W,Busani L

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Multiple sites of exposure in an outbreak of ornithosis in workers at a poultry abattoir and farm.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tiong A,Vu T,Counahan M,Leydon J,Tallis G,Lambert S

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hilse R,Stoevesandt J,Caugant DA,Claus H,Frosch M,Vogel U

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Elimination of mycoplasmas from the murine genital tract by hormone treatment.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor-Robinson D,Furr PM

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  • The relationships between the HIV test interval, demographic factors and HIV disease progression.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

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    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of a physical geographic barrier on the dynamics of measles.

    abstract::Spatial-temporal patterns of measles incidence reflect the spatial distribution of human hosts. The heterogeneous spatial distribution of communities has been shown to introduce spatially dependent temporal lags in the timing of measles incidence. Incidence patterns reflect internal dynamics within a community and cou...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Vora A,Burke DS,Cummings DA

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics and TB treatment outcomes in TB patients with viral hepatitis, New York City, 2000-2010.

    abstract::Literature surrounding the burden of and factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in persons with tuberculosis (TB) disease remains limited and focused on populations outside the USA. Cross-matched New York City (NYC) TB and viral hepatitis surveillance data were used to es...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

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    authors: Bushnell G,Stennis NL,Drobnik AM,Proops DC,Ahuja SD,Bornschlegel K,Fuld J

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  • Multistate foodborne disease outbreaks associated with raw tomatoes, United States, 1990-2010: a recurring public health problem.

    abstract::We examined multistate outbreaks attributed to raw tomatoes in the United States from 1990 to 2010. We summarized the demographic and epidemiological characteristics of 15 outbreaks resulting in 1959 illnesses, 384 hospitalizations, and three deaths. Most (80%) outbreaks were reported during 2000-2010; 73% occurred Ma...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bennett SD,Littrell KW,Hill TA,Mahovic M,Behravesh CB

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship of genetic polymorphisms in CTLA-4 and IL-18 with viral hepatitis: evidence from a meta-analysis.

    abstract::Relationship of genetic polymorphisms in cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) with susceptibility to viral hepatitis was already investigated by many association studies. The aim of this study was to more comprehensively analyse associations between genetic polymorphisms in C...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

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    authors: Yu Y,Qu J,Zhou C,You G

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  • Subtyping of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) isolates by thin-layer chromatography--distribution of subtypes from patients with AIDS compared with clinically non-significant isolates.

    abstract::Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) was compared with seroagglutination for subtyping of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) bacteria. Seventy-five significant MAC isolates from patients with AIDS were typed by both methods and 36 isolates, judged to be clinically non-significant, were examined by TLC only. Overall, 75% of ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chew W,Sorrell TC,Gilbert GL

    更新日期:1994-06-01 00:00:00

  • Changing epidemiology of cholera due to Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 Bengal in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

    abstract::At the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR, B) Dhaka we studied the trends in cholera for the period January 1992 to May 1995. Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal emerged as a second aetiologic agent of cholera in Dhaka in January 1993. In 1993, the majority of cholera cases was due to V. c...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Faruque AS,Fuchs GJ,Albert MJ

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Norovirus waterborne outbreak in Chalkidiki, Greece, 2015: detection of GI.P2_GI.2 and GII.P16_GII.13 unusual strains.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tryfinopoulou K,Kyritsi M,Mellou K,Kolokythopoulou F,Mouchtouri VA,Potamiti-Komi M,Lamprou A,Georgakopoulou T,Hadjichristodoulou C

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • The seasonality of canine births and human campylobacteriosis: a hypothesis.

    abstract::The seasonality of canine births was investigated using records from the Kennel Club and the breeding centre for the Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. In these populations a distinct seasonal pattern was found with a greater number of puppies being born in the summer months than the winter. The hypothesis that the...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans SJ

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • An outbreak of viral gastroenteritis associated with adequately prepared oysters.

    abstract::Over Christmas 1993, an outbreak of food poisoning occurred among guests in a hotel in South West Scotland. Evidence from a cohort study strongly suggested that raw oysters were the vehicle for infection, probably due to a Small Round Structured Virus (SRSV). Detailed enquiry about the source and preparation of the oy...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chalmers JW,McMillan JH

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Important roles of public playgrounds in the transmission of hand, foot, and mouth disease.

    abstract::Intra-home and kindergarten transmissions were the reported major modes of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) transmission in preschool children. However, infection at home is not common and 65-80% of cases do not attend preschool. We conducted a matched case-control study to explore the role of public playgrounds i...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xie YH,Chongsuvivatwong V,Tan Y,Tang ZhZ,Sornsrivichai V,McNeil EB

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Excess salmonellosis in women in the United States: 1968-2000.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reller ME,Tauxe RV,Kalish LA,Mølbak K

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of hepatitis B anti-core antibody in the Republic of Ireland.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B exposure in the population of the Republic of Ireland, by measuring the prevalence of hepatitis B anti-core antibody in oral fluid collected by postal survey. A random multi-stage stratified sample of Irish households was obtained, using the Irish ele...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Connell T,Thornton L,O'Flanagan D,Staines A,Connell J,Dooley S,McCormack G

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in range beef calves at weaning.

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    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laegreid WW,Elder RO,Keen JE

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00