Polarization and Thickness Dependent Absorption Properties of Black Phosphorus: New Saturable Absorber for Ultrafast Pulse Generation.


:Black phosphorus (BP) has recently been rediscovered as a new and interesting two-dimensional material due to its unique electronic and optical properties. Here, we study the linear and nonlinear optical properties of BP flakes. We observe that both the linear and nonlinear optical properties are anisotropic and can be tuned by the film thickness in BP, completely different from other typical two-dimensional layered materials (e.g., graphene and the most studied transition metal dichalcogenides). We then use the nonlinear optical properties of BP for ultrafast (pulse duration down to ~786 fs in mode-locking) and large-energy (pulse energy up to >18 nJ in Q-switching) pulse generation in fiber lasers at the near-infrared telecommunication band ~1.5 μm. We observe that the output of our BP based pulsed lasers is linearly polarized (with a degree-of-polarization ~98% in mode-locking, >99% in Q-switching, respectively) due to the anisotropic optical property of BP. Our results underscore the relatively large optical nonlinearity of BP with unique polarization and thickness dependence, and its potential for polarized optical pulse generation, paving the way to BP based nonlinear and ultrafast photonic applications (e.g., ultrafast all-optical polarization switches/modulators, frequency converters etc.).


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Li D,Jussila H,Karvonen L,Ye G,Lipsanen H,Chen X,Sun Z




Has Abstract


2015-10-30 00:00:00










  • Switching of magnetic easy-axis using crystal orientation for large perpendicular coercivity in CoFe2O4 thin film.

    abstract::Perpendicular magnetization and precise control over the magnetic easy axis in magnetic thin film is necessary for a variety of applications, particularly in magnetic recording media. A strong (111) orientation is successfully achieved in the CoFe2O4 (CFO) thin film at relatively low substrate temperature of 100 °C, w...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shirsath SE,Liu X,Yasukawa Y,Li S,Morisako A

    更新日期:2016-07-20 00:00:00

  • Sensations from a single M-cone depend on the activity of surrounding S-cones.

    abstract::Color vision requires the activity of cone photoreceptors to be compared in post-receptoral circuitry. Decades of psychophysical measurements have quantified the nature of these comparative interactions on a coarse scale. How such findings generalize to a cellular scale remains unclear. To answer that question, we qua...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmidt BP,Sabesan R,Tuten WS,Neitz J,Roorda A

    更新日期:2018-06-04 00:00:00

  • Low temperature solution process-based defect-induced orange-red light emitting diode.

    abstract::We report low-temperature solution-processed p-CuO nanorods (NRs)/n-ZnO NRs heterojunction light emitting diode (LED), exploiting the native point defects of ZnO NRs. ZnO NRs were synthesized at 90 °C by using hydrothermal method while CuO NRs were synthesized at 100 °C by using microwave reaction system. The electric...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biswas P,Baek SD,Lee SH,Park JH,Lee SJ,Lee TI,Myoung JM

    更新日期:2015-12-09 00:00:00

  • Spatiotemporal transcriptome provides insights into early fruit development of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).

    abstract::Early fruit development is crucial for crop production in tomato. After fertilization, the ovary undergoes cell division and cell expansion before maturation. Although the roles of regulatory signals such as hormone and carbohydrate during early fruit development have been studied, the spatial distribution and the seq...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang S,Xu M,Qiu Z,Wang K,Du Y,Gu L,Cui X

    更新日期:2016-03-18 00:00:00

  • From skeletal muscle to stem cells: an innovative and minimally-invasive process for multiple species.

    abstract::Bone marrow and adipose tissue represent the two most commonly exploited sources of adult mesenchymal stem cells for musculoskeletal applications. Unfortunately the sampling of bone marrow and fat tissue is invasive and does not always lead to a sufficient number of cells. The present study describes a novel sampling ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ceusters J,Lejeune JP,Sandersen C,Niesten A,Lagneaux L,Serteyn D

    更新日期:2017-04-06 00:00:00

  • Study of Protein Expression in Peri-Infarct Tissue after Cerebral Ischemia.

    abstract::In this work, we report our study of protein expression in rat peri-infarct tissue, 48 h after the induction of permanent focal cerebral ischemia. Two proteomic approaches, gel electrophoresis with mass spectrometry and combined fractional diagonal chromatography (COFRADIC), were performed using tissue samples from th...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brea D,Agulla J,Staes A,Gevaert K,Campos F,Sobrino T,Blanco M,Dávalos A,Castillo J,Ramos-Cabrer P

    更新日期:2015-07-08 00:00:00

  • Ginsenoside Rh2 inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma through β-catenin and autophagy.

    abstract::Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver cancer, with a very poor prognosis. There is an urgent need for an effective therapy for HCC. Ginsenoside Rh2 (GRh2) has been shown to significantly inhibit growth of some types of cancer, whereas its effects on HCC have not been examined. Here, we treated human ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang Z,Zhao T,Liu H,Zhang L

    更新日期:2016-01-19 00:00:00

  • Petri Net computational modelling of Langerhans cell Interferon Regulatory Factor Network predicts their role in T cell activation.

    abstract::Langerhans cells (LCs) are able to orchestrate adaptive immune responses in the skin by interpreting the microenvironmental context in which they encounter foreign substances, but the regulatory basis for this has not been established. Utilising systems immunology approaches combining in silico modelling of a reconstr...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polak ME,Ung CY,Masapust J,Freeman TC,Ardern-Jones MR

    更新日期:2017-04-06 00:00:00

  • Baiyacha, a wild tea plant naturally occurring high contents of theacrine and 3″-methyl-epigallocatechin gallate from Fujian, China.

    abstract::Baiyacha (BYC) is a kind of wild tea plant growing and utilizing in the remote mountain area of Fujian province, Southeastern China. However, scientific studies on this plant remain limited. Our results showed that BYC exhibits the typical morphological characteristics of Camellia gymnogyna Chang, a closely related sp...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jin JQ,Jiang CK,Yao MZ,Chen L

    更新日期:2020-06-16 00:00:00

  • Significant Broadband Photocurrent Enhancement by Au-CZTS Core-Shell Nanostructured Photocathodes.

    abstract::Copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS) is a promising material for harvesting solar energy due to its abundance and non-toxicity. However, its poor performance hinders their wide application. In this paper gold (Au) nanoparticles are successfully incorporated into CZTS to form Au@CZTS core-shell nanostructures. The photocatho...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang X,Wu X,Centeno A,Ryan MP,Alford NM,Riley DJ,Xie F

    更新日期:2016-03-21 00:00:00

  • EEG frequency tagging to explore the cortical activity related to the tactile exploration of natural textures.

    abstract::When sliding our fingertip against a textured surface, complex vibrations are produced in the skin. It is increasingly recognised that the neural transduction and processing of these vibrations plays an important role in the dynamic tactile perception of textures. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel me...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moungou A,Thonnard JL,Mouraux A

    更新日期:2016-02-08 00:00:00

  • Differential parameters between activity flare and acute infection in pediatric patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    abstract::Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are vulnerable to infections. We aim to explore the approach to differentiate active infection from disease activity in pediatric SLE patients. Fifty pediatric SLE patients presenting with 185 clinical visits were collected. The associations between both clinical and laborat...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luo KL,Yang YH,Lin YT,Hu YC,Yu HH,Wang LC,Chiang BL,Lee JH

    更新日期:2020-11-16 00:00:00

  • Interleukin-12 and -23 blockade mitigates elastase-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    abstract::Macrophages play an important role in the inflammatory process that contributes to the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Studies of human and mouse AAA tissue reveal expanded populations of macrophages producing an abundance of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-12p40 and high level of metal...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yan H,Hu Y,Akk A,Ye K,Bacon J,Pham CTN

    更新日期:2019-07-18 00:00:00

  • Nuclear shape, protrusive behaviour and in vivo retention of human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells is controlled by Lamin-A/C expression.

    abstract::Culture expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are being extensively studied for therapeutic applications, including treatment of graft-versus-host disease, osteogenesis imperfecta and for enhancing engraftment of hematopoietic stem cells after transplantation. Thus far, clinical trials have shown that the therapeu...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dorland YL,Cornelissen AS,Kuijk C,Tol S,Hoogenboezem M,van Buul JD,Nolte MA,Voermans C,Huveneers S

    更新日期:2019-10-07 00:00:00

  • Driven progressive evolution of genome sequence complexity in Cyanobacteria.

    abstract::Progressive evolution, or the tendency towards increasing complexity, is a controversial issue in biology, which resolution entails a proper measurement of complexity. Genomes are the best entities to address this challenge, as they encode the historical information of a species' biotic and environmental interactions....

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moya A,Oliver JL,Verdú M,Delaye L,Arnau V,Bernaola-Galván P,de la Fuente R,Díaz W,Gómez-Martín C,González FM,Latorre A,Lebrón R,Román-Roldán R

    更新日期:2020-11-04 00:00:00

  • Micelle-stabilized Olfactory Receptors for a Bioelectronic Nose Detecting Butter Flavors in Real Fermented Alcoholic Beverages.

    abstract::A bioelectronic nose device based on micelle-stabilized olfactory receptors is developed for the selective discrimination of a butter flavor substance in commercial fermented alcoholic beverages. In this work, we have successfully overexpressed ODR-10, a type of olfactory receptor, from Caenorhabditis elegans using a ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shin N,Lee SH,Pham Ba VA,Park TH,Hong S

    更新日期:2020-06-03 00:00:00

  • Mesenchymal stem cell-mediated Notch2 activation overcomes radiation-induced injury of the hematopoietic system.

    abstract::Radiation exposure severely damages the hematopoietic system. Although several radio-protectors have been proposed to prevent radiation-induced damage, most agents have limited efficacy. In the present study, we investigated whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could contribute to the expansion of hematopoietic cells...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim A,Shim S,Kim MJ,Myung JK,Park S

    更新日期:2018-06-18 00:00:00

  • Perceptual Representation of Own Hand Size in Early Childhood and Adulthood.

    abstract::Hand size perceptual distortions characterize adult human cognition. Notwithstanding the importance of uncovering how hand size representation develops in humans, studies in this field are still at a preliminary stage. Indeed, it is yet to be understood whether hand size distortions are present and reliable in early c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giurgola S,Bolognini N,Nava E

    更新日期:2020-03-25 00:00:00

  • Membrane progesterone receptor beta (mPRβ/Paqr8) promotes progesterone-dependent neurite outgrowth in PC12 neuronal cells via non-G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling.

    abstract::Recently, sex steroid membrane receptors garnered world-wide attention because they may be related to sex hormone-mediated unknown rapid non-genomic action that cannot be currently explained by their genomic action via nuclear receptors. Progesterone affects cell proliferation and survival via non-genomic effects. In ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kasubuchi M,Watanabe K,Hirano K,Inoue D,Li X,Terasawa K,Konishi M,Itoh N,Kimura I

    更新日期:2017-07-12 00:00:00

  • Turn-off colorimetric sensor for sequence-specific recognition of single-stranded DNA based upon Y-shaped DNA structure.

    abstract::A novel turn-off colorimetric sensor for sequence-specific recognition of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was established by combining Y-shaped DNA duplex and G-quadruplex-hemin DNAzyme. A G-rich single-stranded DNA (Oligo-1) displays peroxidase mimicking catalytic activity due to the specific binding with hemin in the pr...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Li X,He F,Zhao M,Ling L

    更新日期:2018-08-13 00:00:00

  • An activator of mTOR inhibits oxLDL-induced autophagy and apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells and restricts atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E⁻/⁻ mice.

    abstract::Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and induces autophagy and apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells (VECs) that play very critical roles for the cardiovascular homostasis. We recently defined 3-benzyl-5-((2-nitrophenoxy) methyl)-dihydrofuran-2(3H)-one (3BDO) as a ne...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peng N,Meng N,Wang S,Zhao F,Zhao J,Su L,Zhang S,Zhang Y,Zhao B,Miao J

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Tunable Open Circuit Voltage by Engineering Inorganic Cesium Lead Bromide/Iodide Perovskite Solar Cells.

    abstract::Perovskite solar cells based on series of inorganic cesium lead bromide and iodide mixture, CsPbBr3-xI x , where x varies between 0, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3 molar ratio were synthesized by two step-sequential deposition at ambient condition to design the variations of wide band gap light absorbers. A device with high overal...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ng CH,Ripolles TS,Hamada K,Teo SH,Lim HN,Bisquert J,Hayase S

    更新日期:2018-02-06 00:00:00

  • Proteomic Analysis Reveals That Metabolic Flows Affect the Susceptibility of Aeromonas hydrophila to Antibiotics.

    abstract::The overuse of antibiotics results in the development of antibiotic resistance and limits the useful life of these drugs in fighting bacteria, including Aeromonas hydrophila, a well-known opportunistic pathogen that causes serious infections in fish and other animals. In this study, we investigated the adaptive resist...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yao Z,Li W,Lin Y,Wu Q,Yu F,Lin W,Lin X

    更新日期:2016-12-19 00:00:00

  • Author Correction: Resistance training regulates gene expression of molecules associated with intramyocellular lipids, glucose signaling and fiber size in old rats.

    abstract::A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper. ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 已发布勘误


    authors: Ribeiro MBT,Guzzoni V,Hord JM,Lopes GN,de Cássia Marqueti R,de Andrade RV,Selistre-de-Araujo HS,Durigan JLQ

    更新日期:2019-04-17 00:00:00

  • Reconstructing molar growth from enamel histology in extant and extinct Equus.

    abstract::The way teeth grow is recorded in dental enamel as incremental marks. Detailed analysis of tooth growth is known to provide valuable insights into the growth and the pace of life of vertebrates. Here, we study the growth pattern of the first lower molar in several extant and extinct species of Equus and explore its re...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nacarino-Meneses C,Jordana X,Orlandi-Oliveras G,Köhler M

    更新日期:2017-11-21 00:00:00

  • The association between plasma proneurotensin and glucose regulation is modified by country of birth.

    abstract::The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has increased dramatically in Middle Eastern populations that represent the largest non-European immigrant group in Sweden today. As proneurotensin predicts T2D, the aim of this study was to investigate differences in proneurotensin levels across populations of Middle Eastern an...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fawad A,Nilsson PM,Struck J,Bergmann A,Melander O,Bennet L

    更新日期:2019-09-20 00:00:00

  • The role of NaV channels in synaptic transmission after axotomy in a microfluidic culture platform.

    abstract::Voltage gated sodium channels are key players in aberrant pain signaling and sensitization of nociceptors after peripheral nerve injury. The extent to which sodium channel activity after injury contributes to synaptic transmission at the first pain synapse however remains unclear. To investigate the effect of axotomy ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vysokov N,McMahon SB,Raouf R

    更新日期:2019-09-09 00:00:00

  • Metallic conduction induced by direct anion site doping in layered SnSe2.

    abstract::The emergence of metallic conduction in layered dichalcogenide semiconductor materials by chemical doping is one of key issues for two-dimensional (2D) materials engineering. At present, doping methods for layered dichalcogenide materials have been limited to an ion intercalation between layer units or electrostatic c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim SI,Hwang S,Kim SY,Lee WJ,Jung DW,Moon KS,Park HJ,Cho YJ,Cho YH,Kim JH,Yun DJ,Lee KH,Han IT,Lee K,Sohn Y

    更新日期:2016-01-21 00:00:00

  • The redox metabolic pathways function to limit Anaplasma phagocytophilum infection and multiplication while preserving fitness in tick vector cells.

    abstract::Aerobic organisms evolved conserved mechanisms controlling the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to maintain redox homeostasis signaling and modulate signal transduction, gene expression and cellular functional responses under physiological conditions. The production of ROS by mitochondria is essential in th...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alberdi P,Cabezas-Cruz A,Prados PE,Rayo MV,Artigas-Jerónimo S,de la Fuente J

    更新日期:2019-09-13 00:00:00

  • RNA sequencing reveals a transcriptomic portrait of human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow, adipose tissue, and palatine tonsils.

    abstract::Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult multipotent cells that have plasticity and inhabit the stroma of diverse tissues. The potential utility of MSCs has been heavily investigated in the fields of regenerative medicine and cell therapy. However, MSCs represent diverse populations that may depend on the tissue ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cho KA,Park M,Kim YH,Woo SY,Ryu KH

    更新日期:2017-12-07 00:00:00