Cardiovascular prevention in the cancer survivor.

Abstract:

:Cancer survivorship should be defined starting not from completion of treatment, but from the time of diagnosis. Assessing and controlling the cancer patient's cardiovascular risk before, during, and after treatment is crucial to improving their overall outcome. There are many cancer therapies, including but not limited to anthracyclines, radiation, and vascular signaling pathway inhibitors which should be considered nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors with significant morbidity. Monitoring novel populations, such as a younger age group, for ischemic coronary disease or congestive heart failure (CHF) is not intuitive to many clinicians. Symptoms of CHF and coronary artery disease overlap with common side effects of cancer and cancer treatment. Cancer survivors may also have fewer typical symptoms of cardiovascular disease. Increased surveillance and aggressive control of cardiovascular disease is important in cancer patients both while undergoing active treatment and in the long term. Despite the increasing interest in cardio-oncology, data-driven guidelines are lacking due to small study sizes and low event rates over a short period of time. Most practice guidelines have been based on clinical practice and expert opinion. The list of cardiotoxic cancer therapies continues to grow each year. This review is not intended to be a comprehensive review of all cancer therapy toxicity, but will focus on recent literature regarding prevention of CHF and coronary artery disease (CAD) during active cancer therapy as well as current screening guidelines for long-term survivors.

journal_name

Curr Atheroscler Rep

authors

Chen CL

doi

10.1007/s11883-014-0484-3

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-03-01 00:00:00

pages

484

issue

3

eissn

1523-3804

issn

1534-6242

journal_volume

17

pub_type

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