Socioeconomic position, cognitive function, and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescence: findings from the Mater University Study of Pregnancy and its outcomes.


OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this study were to examine the extent of clustering of smoking, high levels of television watching, overweight, and high blood pressure among adolescents and whether this clustering varies by socioeconomic position and cognitive function. METHODS:This study was a cross-sectional analysis of 3613 (1742 females) participants of an Australian birth cohort who were examined at age 14. RESULTS:Three hundred fifty-three (9.8%) of the participants had co-occurrence of three or four risk factors. Risk factors clustered in these adolescents with a greater number of participants than would be predicted by assumptions of independence having no risk factors and three or four risk factors. The extent of clustering tended to be greater in those from lower-income families and among those with lower cognitive function. The age-adjusted ratio of observed to expected co-occurrence of three or four risk factors was 2.70 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.80-4.06) among those from low-income families and 1.70 (95% CI, 1.34-2.16) among those from more affluent families. The ratio among those with low Raven's scores (nonverbal reasoning) was 2.36 (95% CI, 1.69-3.30) and among those with higher scores was 1.51 (95% CI, 1.19-1.92); similar results for the WRAT 3 score (reading ability) were 2.69 (95% CI, 1.85-3.94) and 1.68 (95% CI, 1.34-2.11). Clustering did not differ by sex. CONCLUSION:Among adolescents, coronary heart disease risk factors cluster, and there is some evidence that this clustering is greater among those from families with low income and those who have lower cognitive function.


Psychosom Med


Psychosomatic medicine


Lawlor DA,O'Callaghan MJ,Mamun AA,Williams GM,Bor W,Najman JM




Has Abstract


2005-11-01 00:00:00














  • Effect of behavioral interventions on insulin sensitivity and atherosclerosis in the Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbit.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A previous study suggested that insulin metabolic variables play a role in the progression of atherosclerosis in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits. The present study sought to determine: 1) if young, individually caged WHHLs are insulin-resistant relative to New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits and ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gonzales JA,Szeto A,Mendez AJ,Zaias J,Paredes J,Caperton CV,Llabre MM,Levine JE,Goldberg RB,Schneiderman N,McCabe PM

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Depression and coronary artery atherosclerosis and reactivity in female cynomolgus monkeys.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Depression and coronary heart disease (CHD) are comorbid conditions, and it is thought that depression may increase the risk of CHD. However, the evidence for the latter relationship is sparse and difficult to collect. Cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) have been used effectively as animal models of CHD...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shively CA,Williams JK,Laber-Laird K,Anton RF

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Association of anxiety disorders and depression with incident heart failure.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Depression has been associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF). Because anxiety is highly comorbid with depression, we sought to establish if anxiety, depression, or their co-occurrence is associated with incident HF. METHODS:A retrospective cohort (N = 236,079) including Veteran's Administration p...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garfield LD,Scherrer JF,Hauptman PJ,Freedland KE,Chrusciel T,Balasubramanian S,Carney RM,Newcomer JW,Owen R,Bucholz KK,Lustman PJ

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Respiratory airway changes in response to suggestion in normal individuals.

    abstract::Thirty normal individuals were told they were inhaling a substance that would either cause breathing difficulty (N = 15) or not affect breathing (N = 15). Total respiratory resistance was measured prior to and during inhalation. In reality, the subjects inhaled no substance; inhalation consisted of breathing normally ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kotses H,Rawson JC,Wigal JK,Creer TL

    更新日期:1987-09-01 00:00:00

  • Daily Stress Processes as Contributors to and Targets for Promoting Cognitive Health in Later Life.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that daily stress processes, including exposure and emotional reactivity to daily stressors, are associated with response time inconsistency (RTI), an indicator of processing efficiency and cognitive health. Furthermore, we considered daily stress-cognitive hea...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stawski RS,Cerino ES,Witzel DD,MacDonald SWS

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of Autonomic Activity and Reactivity During Rest and Emotional Processing and Their Clinical Correlations in Somatic Symptom Disorder.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Altered autonomic nervous system activity is considered to be involved in the pathophysiology of somatic symptom disorder (SSD). This study aimed to investigate whether patients with SSD have disturbed autonomic activity during rest and reactivity to emotional processing and whether altered autonomic nervous ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee D,Kim SJ,Cheon J,Hwang EH,Jung YC,Kang JI

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships Matter: Progress and Challenges in Research on the Health Effects of Intimate Relationships.

    abstract::Social connections play an important role in health and disease and provide opportunities for clinical and public health interventions. Marriage and similar intimate relationships play a central role in the potential health benefits of positive social connections. This editorial provides an integrative perspective on ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 评论,社论


    authors: Smith TW

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • It's more than sex: exploring the dyadic nature of sleep and implications for health.

    abstract::Sleep is a critical health behavior and one that is typically shared between husbands and wives or romantic partners. However, the science of sleep has traditionally conceptualized and evaluated sleep at the level of the individual. Considering the social context of sleep represents a significant shift in sleep resear...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Troxel WM

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mismatch in Spouses' Anger-Coping Response Styles and Risk of Early Mortality: A 32-Year Follow-Up Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Research in psychosomatic medicine includes a long history of studying how responses to anger-provoking situations are associated with health. In the context of a marriage, spouses may differ in their anger-coping response style. Where one person may express anger in response to unfair, aggressive interperson...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bourassa KJ,Sbarra DA,Ruiz JM,Karciroti N,Harburg E

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Suppressed anger and blood pressure: the effects of race, sex, social class, obesity, and age.

    abstract::We studied 572 men and women who participated in a blood pressure screening program at a government unemployment office. Before having their blood pressures taken, the subjects completed a brief questionnaire that included two items measuring conflict over anger expression. Information was also obtained on obesity, ra...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dimsdale JE,Pierce C,Schoenfeld D,Brown A,Zusman R,Graham R

    更新日期:1986-07-01 00:00:00

  • Stress exposure, psychological distress, and physiological stress activation in midlife women with insomnia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to describe perceived and polysomnograhic (PSG) sleep patterns and determine whether stress exposure, psychological distress, and physiological stress activation differed among midlife women with psychophysiologic-type (PP-type) or subjective only-type (SO-type) insomnia or no ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shaver JL,Johnston SK,Lentz MJ,Landis CA

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological Traits, Heart Rate Variability, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Healthy Aging Women-The Women's Health Initiative.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Psychological traits such as optimism and hostility affect coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, but mechanisms for this association are unclear. We hypothesized that optimism and hostility may affect CHD risk via changes in heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS:We conducted a longitudinal analysis using data f...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salmoirago-Blotcher E,Hovey KM,Andrews CA,Allison M,Brunner RL,Denburg NL,Eaton C,Garcia L,Sealy-Jefferson SM,Zaslavsky O,Kang J,López L,Post SG,Tindle H,Wassertheil-Smoller S

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Is anxiety early after myocardial infarction associated with subsequent ischemic and arrhythmic events?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Acute myocardial infarction is often accompanied by anxiety, but the effect of this emotion on recovery is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between patient anxiety early after acute myocardial infarction and the incidence of subsequent in-hospital complications. METHODS:We ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Moser DK,Dracup K

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Personality and Hearing Acuity: Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Several determinants of age-related hearing impairment have been identified, but little is known about the predictive value of psychological factors. The present study examined whether five-factor model personality traits are prospectively associated with hearing acuity in middle-aged and older adults. METHO...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stephan Y,Sutin AR,Caille P,Terracciano A

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic Predictors of Depressive Symptoms in the Look AHEAD Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Numerous studies have found elevated depressive symptoms among individuals with Type 2 diabetes, yet the mechanisms remain unclear. We examined whether genetic loci previously associated with depressive symptoms predict depressive symptoms among overweight/obese individuals with Type 2 diabetes or change in ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: McCaffery JM,Papandonatos GD,Faulconbridge LF,Erar B,Peter I,Wagenknecht LE,Pajewski NM,Anderson A,Wadden TA,Wing RR,Look AHEAD Research Group.

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Transforming Pain With Prosocial Meaning: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Contextual factors can transform how we experience pain, particularly if pain is associated with other positive outcomes. Here, we test a novel meaning-based intervention. Participants were given the opportunity to choose to receive pain on behalf of their romantic partners, situating pain experience in a pos...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: López-Solà M,Koban L,Wager TD

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Features of Resting-State Electroencephalogram Theta Coherence in Somatic Symptom Disorder Compared With Major Depressive Disorder: A Pilot Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) often co-occurs with major depressive disorder (MDD). Both conditions share common psychobiological and biobehavioral characteristics, but little is known about differential patterns in brain function. In this study, we compared resting-state functional brain connectivity betwee...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahn J,Han DH,Hong JS,Min KJ,Lee YS,Hahm BJ,Kim SM

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Racial differences in hemodynamic responses to the cold face stimulus in children and adults.

    abstract::The prevalence of essential hypertension is higher among blacks than whites. One reason for this difference may be that blacks are more reactive to stressors that produce vasoconstrictive responses. Two studies were conducted to test this hypothesis, one with 10- to 14-year-old males (20 whites, 20 blacks) and one wit...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Treiber FA,Musante L,Braden D,Arensman F,Strong WB,Levy M,Leverett S

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

  • Depressive symptoms predict norepinephrine response to a psychological stressor task in Alzheimer's caregivers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Increased depressive symptoms have been associated with increased basal plasma norepinephrine (NE), and may be associated with exaggerated NE response to stress. This exaggerated response may play a role in health consequences associated with caring for a loved-one with Alzheimer's disease. The current study ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mausbach BT,Dimsdale JE,Ziegler MG,Mills PJ,Ancoli-Israel S,Patterson TL,Grant I

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Intrusion, avoidance, and psychological distress among individuals with cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The goal of the study was to examine the utility of Creamer's cognitive processing theory of trauma in a sample of individuals undergoing treatment for cancer. This theory proposes that avoidance is a maladaptive strategy of dealing with intrusive thoughts about a traumatic experience and suggests that avoida...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manne S,Glassman M,Du Hamel K

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • Electrophysiologic characteristics of respiratory suspension periods occurring during the practice of the Transcendental Meditation Program.

    abstract::In a study designed to identify the electrophysiologic characteristics of the Transcendental Meditation Program, 52 periods of spontaneous respiratory suspension (RS) were observed in 18 subjects during the practice of this program. These periods were correlated with some but not all the subjective experiences of pure...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Badawi K,Wallace RK,Orme-Johnson D,Rouzere AM

    更新日期:1984-05-01 00:00:00

  • Social integration and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: findings from the Heart and Soul Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine why lower social integration predicts higher mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS:The association between social integration and mortality was examined prospectively in 1019 outpatients with stable CHD from the Heart and Soul Study. Baseline social integration was ass...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kreibig SD,Whooley MA,Gross JJ

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hostility, gender, and cardiac autonomic control.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Although considerable evidence implicates hostility in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD), the pathogenic mechanisms remain poorly understood. We have developed a psychophysiological model that holds that altered autonomic nervous system function links psychological traits with CAD outcomes. In ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sloan RP,Bagiella E,Shapiro PA,Kuhl JP,Chernikhova D,Berg J,Myers MM

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of total sleep deprivation in major depression: overnight improvement of mood is accompanied by increased pain sensitivity and augmented pain complaints.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with more pain complaints and an altered pain perception. Studies regarding the longitudinal relationship between depressive symptoms and pain processing have rarely been performed and have produced inconsistent results. To clarify how short-term alleviation of de...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kundermann B,Hemmeter-Spernal J,Huber MT,Krieg JC,Lautenbacher S

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological and perceptual factors associated with arrhythmias and benign palpitations.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Little is known about how patients who seek medical help for benign palpitations can be distinguished from those with clinically significant arrhythmias. This study tested whether patients with arrhythmia can be distinguished from those who are aware of sinus rhythm or extrasystoles on the basis of sex, preva...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ehlers A,Mayou RA,Sprigings DC,Birkhead J

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of Wartime Stress Exposures and Mental Health on Later-Life Functioning and Disability in Vietnam-Era Women Veterans: Findings From the Health of Vietnam-Era Women's Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The effect of stress exposures and mental health sequelae on health-related outcomes is understudied among older women veterans. We examined a) the impact of wartime stress exposures on later-life functioning and disability in Vietnam-era women veterans and b) the extent to which mental health conditions know...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith BN,Spiro A,Frayne SM,Kimerling R,Cypel Y,Reinhard MJ,Kilbourne AM,Magruder KM

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Can subjective asthma symptoms be learned?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We investigated whether perception of subjective asthma symptoms can be brought under control of biomedically irrelevant cues in the environment, i.e., whether subjective asthma symptoms can be learned in response to harmless stimuli. METHODS:Twenty patients with asthma and 20 healthy participants were prese...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Peuter S,Van Diest I,Lemaigre V,Li W,Verleden G,Demedts M,Van den Bergh O

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • A life-style physical activity intervention and the antibody response to pneumococcal vaccination in women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess whether a life-style physical activity intervention improved antibody response to a pneumococcal vaccination in sedentary middle-aged women. METHODS:Eighty-nine sedentary women completed a 16-week exercise (physical activity consultation, pedometer, telephone/e-mail prompts; n = 44) or control (adv...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Long JE,Ring C,Bosch JA,Eves F,Drayson MT,Calver R,Say V,Allen D,Burns VE

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychologically mediated effect on the delayed hypersensitivity reaction to tuberculin in humans.

    abstract::Recent research with animals has indicated a central nervous system effect on the immune system. This report describes findings of a possible psychologically mediated effect on the delayed hypersensitivity reaction to tuberculin in humans. Seven tuberculin positive subjects evidenced a decreased response to tuberculin...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith GR Jr,McDaniel SM

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • Depression and stress reactivity in metastatic breast cancer.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Cancer-related distress due to the psychological and physical challenges of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) may result in symptoms of depression, which negatively affects quality and may influence quantity of life. This study investigated how depression affects MBC stress reactivity, including autonomic (ANS) ...

    journal_title:Psychosomatic medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giese-Davis J,Wilhelm FH,Conrad A,Abercrombie HC,Sephton S,Yutsis M,Neri E,Taylor CB,Kraemer HC,Spiegel D

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00