Variation in Patient-Reported Advance Care Preferences in the Preoperative Setting.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:High-quality shared decision-making for patients undergoing elective surgical procedures includes eliciting patient goals and treatment preferences. This is particularly important, should complications occur and life-sustaining therapies be considered. Our objective was to determine the preoperative care preferences of older higher-risk patients undergoing elective procedures and to determine any factors associated with a preference for limitations to life-sustaining treatments. METHODS:Cross-sectional survey conducted between May and December 2018. Patients ≥55 years of age presenting for a preprocedural evaluation in a high-risk anesthesia clinic were queried on their desire for life-sustaining treatments (cardiopulmonary resuscitation, mechanical ventilation, dialysis, and artificial nutrition) as well as tolerance for declines in health states (physical disability, cognitive disability, and daily severe pain). RESULTS:One hundred patients completed the survey. The median patient age was 68. Most patients were Caucasian (87%) and had an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of III (88%). The majority of patients (89%) desired cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, most patients would not accept mechanical ventilation, dialysis, or artificial nutrition for an indefinite period of time. Similarly, most patients (67%-81%) indicated they would not desire treatments to sustain life in the event of permanent physical disability, cognitive disability, or daily severe pain. CONCLUSIONS:Among older, higher-risk patients presenting for elective procedures, most patients chose limitations to life-sustaining treatments. This work highlights the need for an in-depth goals of care discussion and establishment of advance care preferences before a procedure or operative intervention.

journal_name

Anesth Analg

journal_title

Anesthesia and analgesia

authors

Udelsman BV,Govea N,Cooper Z,Chang DC,Bader A,Meyer MJ

doi

10.1213/ANE.0000000000004617

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-01-01 00:00:00

pages

210-216

issue

1

eissn

0003-2999

issn

1526-7598

pii

00000539-202101000-00029

journal_volume

132

pub_type

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