Recertification: update and future issues.


:This article describes the history and substance of New York State's proposal for a mandatory recredentialing program for physicians, its implications for the medical profession, and the pros and cons of instituting a recertification policy for ophthalmology.


Surv Ophthalmol


Survey of ophthalmology


Grenell B,Studin I




Has Abstract


1990-07-01 00:00:00














  • A historical perspective on the early treatment of night blindness and the use of dubious and unproven treatment strategies for patients with retinitis pigmentosa.

    abstract::Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a form of inherited night blindness. Over decades, various dubious treatment strategies that lacked sufficient theoretically sound underpinnings were explored. Initially they were enthusiastically promoted and subsequently discredited. It is apparent that many were predicated on the errone...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Fishman GA

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome. A spectrum of developmental disorders.

    abstract::The clinical and histopathologic features of Axenfeld's anomaly and Rieger's anomaly and syndrome are reviewed, and recent findings regarding the pathogenesis of this spectrum of developmental disorders are discussed. Based on these observations, it has been suggested that a developmental arrest, in the third trimeste...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shields MB,Buckley E,Klintworth GK,Thresher R

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • Rubeosis iridis in "pseudogliomas".

    abstract::A total of 85 eyes (75 patients) with pseudogliomas (i.e., certain conditions which simulate retinoblastoma, were examined histopathologically to determine the incidence of rubeosis iridis. Neovascularization of the anterior surface of the iris was found in 70 eyes (82%). The principal associated changes in these eyes...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moazed K,Albert D,Smith TR

    更新日期:1980-09-01 00:00:00

  • Reticulum cell sarcoma (histiocytic lymphoma) of the orbit.

    abstract::The clinical and pathologic features of 13 patients with biopsy-proven reticulum cell sarcoma of the orbit are reviewed. All of the patients were adults, in contrast to many previous reports that have emphasized how common this tumor is in children. Eight patients presented with proptosis and without prior diagnosis o...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jakobiec FA,Williams P,Wolff AM

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Anesthesia for intraocular surgery.

    abstract::Surgeons must decide on the type of anesthesia to use when performing cataract surgery. These "viewpoints" articles provide a well-balanced discussion offering the pros and cons of both topical anesthesia and retrobulbar/peribulbar injection. Dr. Dutton gives an overview of both techniques, focusing on relevant orbita...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dutton JJ,Hasan SA,Edelhauser HF,Kim T,Springs CL,Broocker G

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Circadian intraocular pressure management with latanoprost: diurnal and nocturnal intraocular pressure reduction and increased uveoscleral outflow.

    abstract::Based on their mechanism of action, the most frequently used ocular hypertensive agents, the beta-blockers, cannot be assumed to reduce IOP during sleep. The need for drugs that reduce IOP around-the-clock is underscored, however, by the fact that inadequate nocturnal ocular perfusion pressure is considered to be one ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mishima HK,Kiuchi Y,Takamatsu M,Rácz P,Bito LZ

    更新日期:1997-02-01 00:00:00

  • Ophthalmoplegia associated with AIDS.

    abstract::A 34-year-old man with AIDS was admitted to the hospital with a one-week history of cough, chest pain, and fever. Radiography revealed a cavitating left upper lobe lesion. Two weeks later he developed a headache associated with a contrast enhancing lesion in the right parietal lobe. The patient had a progressive downh...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hedges TR 3rd

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the routine genetic characterization of retinoblastoma: a tool for the clinical laboratory.

    abstract::The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is a highly innovative technique which allows for the generation of large amounts of DNA starting from minute quantities obtained from the blood or tissue of a patient. With the increasing knowledge concerning the structure of the human genome and the potential to amplify specific s...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mastrangelo D,Squitieri N,Bruni S,Hadjistilianou T,Frezzotti R

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pars plana lensectomy by ultrasonic fragmentation. I. Versatile and simple technique for cataract removal.

    abstract::A comparison has been made between pars plana lansectomy and intracapsular cataract extraction Pars plana lensectomy has been shown to have many advantages. It is applicable to any age, while intracapsular cataract extraction is restricted to patients over 30 years old. It can be used in any type of cataract, whereas ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Girard LJ

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • The amniotic membrane in ophthalmology.

    abstract::The amniotic membrane is the innermost of the three layers forming the fetal membranes. It was first used in 1910 in skin transplantation. Thereafter it has been used in surgical procedures related to the genito-urinary tract, skin, brain, and head and neck, among others. The first documented ophthalmological applicat...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dua HS,Gomes JA,King AJ,Maharajan VS

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Abnormal supranuclear eye movements in the child: a practical guide to examination and interpretation.

    abstract::Abnormal eye movements in the infant or voting child can be congenital or acquired. They may be a result of abnormal early visual development or a sign of underlying neurologic or neuromuscular disease. It is important to be able to detect these abnormalities and to distinguish them from normal but immature eye moveme...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cassidy L,Taylor D,Harris C

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Proliferative vitreoretinopathy: an overview.

    abstract::Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is still the most common cause of failure of surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, despite the substantial effort that has been devoted to better understanding and managing this condition during the past 25 years. Basic research has indicated that PVR represents scarring,...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pastor JC

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ocular myasthenia: a protean disorder.

    abstract::Ocular myasthenia is a localized form of myasthenia clinically involving only the extraocular, levator palpebrae superioris, and/or orbicularis oculi muscles. Ocular manifestations can masquerade as a variety of ocular motility disorders, including cranial nerve and gaze palsies. A history of variable and fatiguable m...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Weinberg DA,Lesser RL,Vollmer TL

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Pyogenic granulomas of the cornea.

    abstract::Pyogenic granulomas are vasoproliferative, inflammatory lesions composed of granulation tissue, which occur on cutaneous or mucosal tissues, often arising secondary to other processes such as trauma or infection. Conjunctival pyogenic granulomas are not rare, but corneal involvement is very unusual and can occasionall...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Googe JM,Mackman G,Peterson MR,Richey MA,Apple DJ,Brick DC,Shaw E

    更新日期:1984-11-01 00:00:00

  • Systemic drug interactions with topical glaucoma medications.

    abstract::Topically administered ophthalmic medications are capable of attaining clinically important serum concentrations, as evidenced by the variety of systemic side effects they can produce. These drugs are therefore also capable of interacting with other drugs administered orally and intravenously. This is especially impor...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gerber SL,Cantor LB,Brater DC

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • The neuro-ophthalmology of mitochondrial disease.

    abstract::Mitochondrial diseases frequently manifest neuro-ophthalmologic symptoms and signs. Because of the predilection of mitochondrial disorders to involve the optic nerves, extraocular muscles, retina, and even the retrochiasmal visual pathways, the ophthalmologist is often the first physician to be consulted. Disorders ca...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fraser JA,Biousse V,Newman NJ

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of cystic macular lesions in hereditary retinal dystrophies.

    abstract::Cystic macular lesions frequently contribute to impaired visual acuity in hereditary retinal dystrophies. Their pathogenesis varies and is not entirely understood. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors have proven to be potentially efficacious, although not in all cases. We discuss the various factors and mechanisms implicate...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Salvatore S,Fishman GA,Genead MA

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging and its clinical utility in patients with visual disturbances.

    abstract::Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a powerful, non-invasive technique for mapping human brain function. Because of the robust signal intensity changes associated with visual stimuli, fMRI is particularly useful for studying visual cortex (including both striate and extrastriate cortex). Also, activation o...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Miki A,Haselgrove JC,Liu GT

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Commonly used intracameral antibiotics for endophthalmitis prophylaxis: A literature review.

    abstract::Endophthalmitis is a serious complication of cataract surgery that occurs in thousands of patients each year. To decrease the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis, many surgeons inject intracameral antibiotics (cefuroxime, moxifloxacin, and vancomycin) routinely at the end of surgery. A large number of recently ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Grzybowski A,Brona P,Zeman L,Stewart MW

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Leiomyoma of the ciliary body extending to the anterior chamber: clinicopathologic and ultrasound biomicroscopic correlation.

    abstract::Leiomyoma of the ciliary body is a rare tumor that often causes a diagnostic dilemma. Sclerouvectomy has been found to be beneficial in the management of iris and ciliary body leiomyoma. We treated a case of leiomyoma of the ciliary body presenting as a fleshy mass in the anterior chamber, removed by partial lamellar ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Biswas J,Kumar SK,Gopal L,Bhende MP

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Advances in the evaluation and management of cortical/cerebral visual impairment in children.

    abstract::Cortical/cerebral visual impairment (CVI) is the most frequent cause of pediatric visual impairment in developed countries and is increasing in prevalence in developing nations. The most common underlying etiology is hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, particularly in premature children. Other causes include seizures, hy...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chang MY,Borchert MS

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lamellar keratoplasty in children.

    abstract::Lamellar keratoplasty procedures have gained momentum in the field of corneal transplantation because of their inherent advantages over full-thickness penetrating keratoplasty. While penetrating keratoplasty is an open sky procedure fraught with sight-threatening intraoperative and postoperative complications, lamella...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sharma N,Agarwal R,Jhanji V,Bhaskar S,Kamalakkannan P,Nischal KK

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • A slippery slope.

    abstract::A 74-year-old woman experienced chronic painless progressive binocular horizontal diplopia for 2 years. Initial examination showed a visual acuity of 20/20 OU. External and slit lamp examination was unremarkable. Orthoptic evaluation showed an incomitant esotropia, a small vertical strabismus, and a large degree of ex...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gross AW,Vickers A,Lee AG,Chen JJ,Bhatti MT

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid, painless unilateral vision loss in a 37-year-old healthy woman.

    abstract::A 37-year-old woman experienced painless, progressive vision loss to no light perception in the left eye over the course of 3 days. The right eye was unaffected. On examination, the only other abnormal finding was a +4 left afferent pupillary defect. She was initially diagnosed with retrobulbar optic neuritis and admi...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Craenen G,Brown SM,Freedman KA,Windisch TR,Corona J

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic tools for glaucoma detection and management.

    abstract::Early diagnosis of glaucoma is critical to prevent permanent structural damage and irreversible vision loss. Detection of glaucoma typically relies on examination of structural damage to the optic nerve combined with measurements of visual function. To aid the clinician in evaluation of visual function and structure, ...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sharma P,Sample PA,Zangwill LM,Schuman JS

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Minor trauma, disastrous results.

    abstract::An 81-year-old-woman developed a right facial palsy and orbital cellulitis following an apparently innocuous puncture injury of the right lower eyelid. Generalized tetanus ensued which proved fatal despite aggressive treatment including use of tetanus immune globulin, wound debridement, and neuromuscular blockade with...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Searl SS

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • Waiting to deliver a final diagnosis.

    abstract::We report a patient with left eye positional transient visual obscurations, diplopia, a left afferent pupillary defect, and optic disk edema-all occurring during pregnancy. Noncontrast magnetic resonance imaging revealed an orbital mass encasing the optic nerve and extending through the superior orbital fissure into t...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mokhtarzadeh A,Maltry A,McClelland C

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Phakic intraocular lenses.

    abstract::An analytical review of the data available in the field of phakic intraocular lens implantation was conducted. Particular attention was paid to the more critical issues of intraocular lens sizing and safety guidelines. A comprehensive, competitive analysis of different implantation sites, intraocular lens model design...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lovisolo CF,Reinstein DZ

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit: a clinicopathologic study of six cases with review of the literature.

    abstract::Solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit is a rare spindle cell neoplasm. There are 42 cases of solitary fibrous tumor of the orbit available in the literature. We present six more cases of orbital solitary fibrous tumors, which presented to our institute between 1999 and 2001. We highlight the need for clinical recognitio...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Krishnakumar S,Subramanian N,Mohan ER,Mahesh L,Biswas J,Rao NA

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Targeting outflow facility in glaucoma management.

    abstract::Glaucoma is often characterized by decreased pressure-sensitive aqueous outflow through the trabecular meshwork. This defect in pressure-sensitive aqueous outflow is evident from the low tonographic facility of outflow ("C") measured in many patients. The impairment in outflow facility causes the high intraocular pres...

    journal_title:Survey of ophthalmology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brubaker RF

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00