microRNA-124a suppresses PHF19 over-expression, EZH2 hyper-activation, and aberrant cell proliferation in human glioma.

Abstract:

:Enhancer of Zeste 2 (EZH2) is the key enzymatic factor in Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2), a transcriptional repressor which contributes to oncogenesis. Recent research has revealed the key role of aberrant EZH2 hyper-activity in human gliomas. Here, we examined the role of the lesser-known PRC2-associated PHD Finger Protein 19 (PHF19) in human glioma. We found that PHF19 transcript and protein levels were significantly elevated in human glioma tumors, which was negatively associated with expression of the anti-PHF19 microRNA miR-124a. miR-124a over-expression in the A172 and U251MG glioma cell lines and patient glioma cells suppressed PHF19 expression, EZH2 activation, and cell proliferation. However, miR-124a did not suppress cell proliferation with PHF19 silencing or mutation. Knockdown of PHF19 suppressed EZH2 phosphorylation and proliferation of glioma cells. Co-immunoprecipitation confirmed that PHF19 forms the PRC2 with EZH2, EED, and SUZ12. In a nude murine model, subcutaneous and orthotopic xenograft tumor growth was significantly inhibited by miRNA-124a or PHF19 shRNA. In conclusion, miR-124a suppresses PHF19 over-expression, EZH2 hyper-activation, and aberrant glioma cell proliferation. Targeting PHF19 via miR-124a agomir therapy may block aberrant EZH2 hyper-activity in these tumors.

authors

Lu J,Ji H,Tang H,Xu Z

doi

10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.07.089

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-09-10 00:00:00

pages

1610-1617

issue

3

eissn

0006-291X

issn

1090-2104

pii

S0006-291X(18)31585-7

journal_volume

503

pub_type

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