Characterization of opioid peptide-like anticonvulsant activity in rat cerebrospinal fluid.

Abstract:

:The biochemical and pharmacological properties of an endogenous anticonvulsant substance(s) found in rat cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) following seizures are described. CSF taken from donor rats following a single maximal electroshock (MES) seizure caused significant elevations in seizure thresholds in naive recipient rats when intracerebroventricularly injected 15 min prior to exposure to the volatile convulsant flurothyl. Anticonvulsant activity was antagonized by pre-injection in recipients of high doses of naloxone or the selective delta-opioid receptor antagonist ICI 174,864. The anticonvulsant activity was also lost when the CSF was exposed to heat (90 degrees C) or immobilized trypsin. Although unaffected by the peptidase inhibitors thiorphan and bestatin, the anticonvulsant activity was significantly potentiated by a combination of aprotinin and bacitracin. Ultrafiltration of CSF revealed that the anticonvulsant activity passed through membranes with a 10,000 molecular weight cut-off, but was retained by membranes with a 5000 molecular weight cut-off. CSF removed from rats following MES had significantly increased concentrations of beta-endorphin-like, but not dynorphin A, Leu- or Met-enkephalin-like immunoreactivities relative to CSF from sham-treated rats. However, significant increases in Met-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity were measured following exposure of the CSF to the proteolytic enzymes trypsin and carboxypeptidase B, suggesting the seizure-induced presence of a higher molecular weight form of Met-enkephalin not recognized immunologically prior to enzyme exposure. These data reconfirm the anticonvulsant actions of postseizure CSF, and indicate that these effects require mediation through delta-opioid receptors in the recipient rat. These data additionally argue against these effects being mediated by Met-enkephalin, Leu-enkephalin or dynorphin A in the CSF, and suggest instead that anticonvulsant effects are attributable to a heat- and trypsin-sensitive opioid peptide(s) with a molecular weight approximately in the range of 5000-10,000 Da.

journal_name

Brain Res

journal_title

Brain research

authors

Tortella FC,Long JB

doi

10.1016/0006-8993(88)90355-1

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1988-07-19 00:00:00

pages

139-46

issue

1

eissn

0006-8993

issn

1872-6240

pii

0006-8993(88)90355-1

journal_volume

456

pub_type

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