Molecular Mechanism of Epidermal Barrier Dysfunction as Primary Abnormalities.

Abstract:

:Epidermal barrier integrity could be influenced by various factors involved in epidermal cell differentiation and proliferation, cell-cell adhesion, and skin lipids. Dysfunction of this barrier can cause skin disorders, including eczema. Inversely, eczema can also damage the epidermal barrier. These interactions through vicious cycles make the mechanism complicated in connection with other mechanisms, particularly immunologic responses. In this article, the molecular mechanisms concerning epidermal barrier abnormalities are reviewed in terms of the following categories: epidermal calcium gradients, filaggrin, cornified envelopes, desquamation, and skin lipids. Mechanisms linked to ichthyoses, atopic dermatitis without exacerbation or lesion, and early time of experimental irritation were included. On the other hand, the mechanism associated with epidermal barrier abnormalities resulting from preceding skin disorders was excluded. The molecular mechanism involved in epidermal barrier dysfunction has been mostly episodic. Some mechanisms have been identified in cultured cells or animal models. Nonetheless, research into the relationship between the causative molecules has been gradually increasing. Further evidence-based systematic data of target molecules and their interactions would probably be helpful for a better understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying the dysfunction of the epidermal barrier.

journal_name

Int J Mol Sci

authors

Lee AY

doi

10.3390/ijms21041194

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-11 00:00:00

issue

4

issn

1422-0067

pii

ijms21041194

journal_volume

21

pub_type

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