Swimming and cycling do not cause positive effects on bone mineral density: a systematic review.

Abstract:

:Osteoporosis is considered a common metabolic bone disease and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. In this context, physical activity has been used as a non-pharmacological tool for prevention and auxiliary treatment of this disease. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of cycling and swimming practice on bone mineral density (BMD). This research was conducted in accordance with the recommendations outlined by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The studies were consulted in the period from 2004 to 2014, through major electronic databases: PubMed®, SciELO® and LILACS®. Ten studies evaluated the effects of cycling on BMD, and the results showed that nine studies have linked the practice of professional cycling with low levels of BMD. Another 18 studies have reported that swimming has no positive effects on bone mass. We conclude that cycling and swimming do not cause positive effects on BMD; thus, these are not the most suitable exercises for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

journal_name

Rev Bras Reumatol

authors

Abrahin O,Rodrigues RP,Marçal AC,Alves EA,Figueiredo RC,Sousa EC

doi

10.1016/j.rbr.2015.09.010

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-02-17 00:00:00

eissn

0482-5004

issn

1809-4570

pii

S0482-5004(16)00026-7

pub_type

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