Occupant accelerations and injury potential during an ambulance-to-curb impact.


:This paper presents real world acceleration data for an ambulance driving up and over a curb. A full scale reenactment was performed for a litigated case in which a patient on a gurney in an ambulance claimed a variety of bodily injuries after the ambulance struck a curb. A height and weight matched surrogate rode on the gurney during the tests. Results demonstrated that peak vehicle and occupant accelerations never exceeded 1.1g's. To address the claimed injuries, the accelerations likely sustained by the patient were compared to those experienced during daily life. Since ambulances are wide vehicles that travel fast on potentially narrow arterial, collector or local roadways, curb or median impacts may occur during the normal course of driving. Thus, these results may be useful for forensic experts in dealing with similar cases involving claimed injuries following curb impacts.


Forensic Sci Int


Lee EL,Hayes WC




Has Abstract


2014-04-01 00:00:00












  • Homicide during teenage years--the ten year Metro-Dade County experience from 1973 to 1982.

    abstract::This article studies teenage homicide victims in Metro-Dade County, Miami, FL, U.S.A., between the years 1973 through 1982. A total of 263 cases were selected. Cases were then analyzed with respect to age, race, sex, cause of death, scene circumstances, alcohol and drugs detected at autopsy. A discussion follows that ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Copeland AR

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Resolution of aviation forensic toxicology findings with the aid of DNA profiling.

    abstract::Body components of aviation accident fatalities are often scattered, disintegrated, commingled, contaminated, and/or putrefied at accident scenes. These situations may impose difficulties in victim identification/tissue matching. The prevalence of misidentification in relation to aviation accident forensic toxicology ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chaturvedi AK,Craft KJ,Kupfer DM,Burian D,Canfield DV

    更新日期:2011-03-20 00:00:00

  • The effect of mark enhancement techniques on the subsequent detection of semen/spermatozoa.

    abstract::Fingermarks, footwear marks, blood and semen are amongst the most commonly encountered types of evidence at crime scenes. Previous work has extensively investigated fingermark and blood enhancement techniques and a sequence developed to maximise evidence recovery; however, there is limited research as to the effect of...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simmons R,Deacon P,Phillips DJ,Farrugia K

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Implications of dimorphism, population variation, and secular change in estimating population affinity in the Iberian Peninsula.

    abstract::Morphometric cranial variation among Spanish samples was compared to a 19th century Portuguese sample using both traditional and three-dimensional approaches. The Spanish samples included the regional 19th century Oloriz collection and the local 16-17th century Villanubla and Vallolid sample from northwestern Spain. R...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Ross AH,Ubelaker DH,Kimmerle EH

    更新日期:2011-03-20 00:00:00

  • Levels of cocaine and its metabolites in washed hair of demonstrated cocaine users and workplace subjects.

    abstract::In a study of subjects in drug rehabilitation programs, cocaine and cocaine metabolite levels were determined in the hair of 75 subjects who had produced cocaine-positive urine results. The hair was analyzed after being washed with the 3.75 h wash procedure developed by this laboratory. In addition, results of testing...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cairns T,Hill V,Schaffer M,Thistle W

    更新日期:2004-10-29 00:00:00

  • A preliminary study about the spatiotemporal distribution of forensically important blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the area of Bern, Switzerland.

    abstract::To assess the species composition of necrophagous blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the area around the federal city of Switzerland, Bern, sampling with baited bottle traps was performed over the course of 34 weeks in 2014. Six locations ranging from urban to forest habitats were sampled weekly or rather biweekly...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feddern N,Amendt J,Schyma C,Jackowski C,Tschui J

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Preliminary study of hair form of Japanese head hairs using image analysis.

    abstract::The use of average curvature measurements for the forensic comparison of curly hairs has been reported, but a method, in which various types of hair form are quantitatively examined and objectively interpreted for hair comparison, has not been reported to date. In the present study, numerical data on hair form from Ja...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sato H

    更新日期:2003-01-28 00:00:00

  • Forensic significance of postmortem estimation of the blood cerebrospinal fluid barrier permeability.

    abstract::Albumin concentration in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma was determined in 44 cadavers divided into three groups on the basis of death agony duration. The same was determined in a control group of 42 patients with no demonstrable neurological disease. Following Schuller's method, the evaluation of the blood CSF b...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mangin P,Lugnier AA,Chaumont AJ,Offner M,Grucker M

    更新日期:1983-08-01 00:00:00

  • Tandem mass spectrometry: a helpful tool in hair analysis for the forensic expert.

    abstract::The Bavarian State Bureau of Investigation in Munich has the exclusive responsibility for investigation of criminal acts. One considerable expertise is that of hair analysis. According to the legal system in Germany, there is a special interest when some clients' hair tested positive for illicit drugs. An accused with...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uhl M

    更新日期:2000-01-10 00:00:00

  • Cow urine, Indian yellow, and art forgeries: An update.

    abstract::In a recent technical note in this Journal, de Faria et al., 2017 [1] reported the Raman spectrum of authentic Indian yellow artists' pigment, correcting a decades old reference spectrum that has led to the misidentification of this pigment in artworks that actually contained tartrazine yellow. The present communicati...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith GD

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative study of ethchlorvynol levels in blood versus bone marrow.

    abstract::Bone marrow may be utilized as an alternative biological sample in cases where uncontaminated blood samples are not available for analyses. Bone marrow/blood ratios of ethchlorvynol as a function of time and dosage level were determined in 40 rabbits. A modified quantitative analysis that produced accurate and reprodu...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winek CL,Cibulas W Jr,Wahba WW

    更新日期:1981-05-01 00:00:00

  • Social isolation and delayed discovery of bodies in houses: the value of forensic pathology, anthropology, odontology and entomology in the medico-legal investigation.

    abstract::The bodies of socially isolated people may remain undiscovered in their own houses for prolonged periods. Occasionally the body is in situ for sufficient time to become skeletonised, or partially so. Medico-legal investigation of these cases is complicated by degradation and contamination of evidence. Thus, a multidis...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Archer MS,Bassed RB,Briggs CA,Lynch MJ

    更新日期:2005-07-16 00:00:00

  • Differentiation between bruises and putrefactive discolorations of the skin by immunological analysis of glycophorin A.

    abstract::In a differential study to distinguish bruises from putrefactive discoloration, glycophorin A, a component of the erythrocyte membrane, was extracted from discolored skins and detected by immunological methods utilizing an anti-glycophorin A serum. Skin samples of 18 bruises, 8 postmortem hypostasises and 7 putrefacti...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kibayashi K,Hamada K,Honjyo K,Tsunenari S

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • On the theory and practice of Essen-Möller's W value and Gürtler's paternity index (PI).

    abstract::In cases of disputed parentage the biostatistical information is contained in the frequencies X and Y (as defined by Essen-M oller ); X denotes the hypothesis "paternity", Y the hypothesis "non-paternity". Essen-M oller proposed a probability of paternity which includes both values: W = X/(X + Y) (where X + Y becomes ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hummel K

    更新日期:1984-05-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of the R- and S-enantiomers of methylone and ethylone in seized drugs by enantioselective liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry analysis.

    abstract::Synthetic cathinones constitute a major class of the new psychoactive substances (NPS) that have come to dominate recreational drug abuse in recent years. As synthetic cathinones are all chiral molecules, the use of chiral analysis to determine their enantiomeric ratios (ER) in seized drug samples can assist in the id...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin HR,Kuo FW

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Toenails as an alternative source material for the extraction of DNA from decomposed human remains.

    abstract::The DNA identification of decomposed human remains for coronial investigations at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine routinely requires the retrieval and processing of a bone sample obtained from the deceased. Bone is a difficult sample type to work with as it requires surgical removal from the deceased, ref...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schlenker A,Grimble K,Azim A,Owen R,Hartman D

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual dimorphism of ossified costal cartilage. Radiograph scan study on Caucasian men and women (Czech population).

    abstract::The aim of our study was to evaluate differences between males and females based on patterns of costal cartilage ossification and also with respect to ageing. We provided diagnosis of ossifications from two files of radiograms. The first group consisted of 1044 chest and abdominal radiograms of patients (537 men and 5...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rejtarová O,Hejna P,Rejtar P,Bukac J,Slízová D,Krs O

    更新日期:2009-10-30 00:00:00

  • Air bag injuries--a literature review in consideration of demands in forensic autopsies.

    abstract::Air bags have been implicated in saving lives and reducing morbidity associated with motor vehicle crashes since their introduction in the mid-1970s. However, there is increasing evidence showing that air bags can be a source of injury and even death in certain circumstances. As the number of air bag-equipped vehicles...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sato Y,Ohshima T,Kondo T

    更新日期:2002-08-28 00:00:00

  • Carbofuran concentrations in blood, bile and tissues in fatal cases of homicide and suicide.

    abstract::Carbofuran is a broad spectrum carbamate insecticide which inhibits cholinesterase. In the recent past several carbofuran related homicide and suicide cases were reported in Sri Lanka. The concentration of carbofuran found in blood, bile and/or tissues in eight fatal cases were presented in this paper. Liquid-liquid e...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sakunthala Tennakoon DA,Karunarathna WD,Udugampala US

    更新日期:2013-04-10 00:00:00

  • Correlation and assessment of coronary artery luminal stenosis: Post-mortem computed tomography angiogram versus histopathology.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Post-mortem Computed Tomography (PMCT) allows non-invasive or minimally invasive detection of findings that may or may not be visible during conventional autopsy, however, it does not allow the investigator to draw any conclusions regarding patency of the vessel's lumen. To address this deficiency, Post-mort...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chainchel Singh MK,Abdul Rashid SN,Abdul Hamid S,Mahmood MS,Feng SS,Mohd Nawawi H,Omar E

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Application of DNA repair for Streptococcus salivarius DNA-based identification of saliva from ultraviolet-exposed samples.

    abstract::Forensic samples are commonly influenced by various environmental factors, including ultraviolet (UV) irradiation; thus, forensic applications of DNA repair (e.g., PreCR™, Restorase®) have been investigated, focusing on short tandem repeat typing. However, current DNA-based examinations are used for both human and bod...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ohta J,Noda N,Minegishi S,Sakurada K

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Morphological findings in fatal drug addiction. An investigation of injection marks, endocrine organs and kidneys.

    abstract::Tissue sections from injection marks from 30 drug addicts and sections from endocrine organs and kidneys from an additional 33 addicts were studied together with endocrine organs and kidneys from 20 'normal' persons. All 83 persons were submitted for medico-legal autopsy at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Copenh...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kringsholm B,Christoffersen P

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of psychoactive substances in truck drivers in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region (France).

    abstract::A previous study conducted in 1995 showed that psychoactive drug use by workers was higher in safety/security workstations than in the rest of the labour force. In order to verify this finding, we conducted a new study in 2003-2004 in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region, restricted to truck drivers. The aim of this study wa...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Labat L,Fontaine B,Delzenne C,Doublet A,Marek MC,Tellier D,Tonneau M,Lhermitte M,Frimat P

    更新日期:2008-01-30 00:00:00

  • Post-mortem SNP analysis of CYP2D6 gene reveals correlation between genotype and opioid drug (tramadol) metabolite ratios in blood.

    abstract::Tramadol is an opioid drug metabolised in phase I by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, of which CYP2D6 is mainly responsible for the O-demethylation of tramadol, but is not involved in N-demethylation. Defects in the genes encoding drug metabolising enzymes (DMEs) may lead to adverse drug effects, even to death. To aid i...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levo A,Koski A,Ojanperä I,Vuori E,Sajantila A

    更新日期:2003-07-29 00:00:00

  • Age estimation using a modified HPLC determination of ratio of aspartic acid in dentin.

    abstract::Diastereomeric dipeptides were derived from the amino acid enantiomers in dentin by O-phthalaldehyde-N-acetyl-L-cysteine. The products were separated using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and detected by fluorescence detector. A short analysis time (total analysis time was 15 min, including retention tim...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fu SJ,Fan CC,Song HW,Wei FQ

    更新日期:1995-05-09 00:00:00

  • 16 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes in Japanese.

    abstract::A total of 1079 Japanese males were typed for the following 16 Y chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) markers: DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS448 using an AmpFlSTR(R) Yfiler PCR Amplification kit (Applied Biosystems)...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mizuno N,Nakahara H,Sekiguchi K,Yoshida K,Nakano M,Kasai K

    更新日期:2008-01-15 00:00:00

  • Secular trend of earlier onset and decelerated development of third molars: evidence from Croatia.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the secular trend on development of third molars in 30 years period in Littoral region of Croatia. A total of 1103 panoramic radiographs of subjects aged from 6 to 18 years were analysed. First group comprised 531 panoramic radiographs (258 girls) taken from y...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sasso A,Legovic M,Mady Maricic B,Pavlic A,Spalj S

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Pharmacokinetic interactions between ethanol and heroin: a study on post-mortem cases.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Ethanol and heroin are both depressant drugs on the central nervous system, and combined use is known to be dangerous due to pharmacodynamic interactions, leading to an even higher risk of respiratory depression and death. In addition, previous studies have suggested a pharmacokinetic interaction between e...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thaulow CH,Høiseth G,Andersen JM,Handal M,Mørland J

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Subendocardial small infarct in the superior ventricular septum as a cause of sudden death.

    abstract::In autopsy files from April 1999 to April 2001, five cases showed macroscopic subendocardial small infarct above 1 cm diameter in the superior ventricular septum (SVS) near the atrioventricular (AV) junction, and all five were finally considered to be sudden cardiac death after full investigation. All these small infa...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nishida N,Ikeda N,Katayama Y,Kudo K,Takasaki T

    更新日期:2003-12-17 00:00:00

  • Third molar root development in relation to chronological age: a large sample sized retrospective study.

    abstract::The aim of the present investigation, which is a continuation and extension of a previous published pilot study [Forensic Sci. Int. 129 (2002) 110], was to calculate the chronological age of an individual based on the dental developmental stages of third molars (so-called wisdom teeth). The evaluated material consiste...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunst K,Mesotten K,Carbonez A,Willems G

    更新日期:2003-09-09 00:00:00