Vehicle accident reconstruction by a reduced order impact model.


:Road accident reconstruction by simulation represents an important step to determine what happened, as well as responsibilities of subjects involved in the event. To allow the reconstruction, a large variety of well-established simulative approaches are available on the market, e.g., impulse-momentum models, finite element method and multi-body systems: the choice on the appropriate methodology mainly depends on the reconstruction expert's needs in terms of calculation time and accuracy in the description of the event's overall dynamics. Most of the available techniques do not simultaneously provide detailed information about kinematics and deformation due to the impact, or considerable calculation resources are required to accomplish the task. The present work thus introduces a special-purpose, reduced order model devoted to accident reconstruction: discretization in a 2D domain of the sole vehicle contour allows to limit the calculation time. The ruling equations on which the 2D road accident reconstruction is based are given in detail, to demonstrate the approach. Referring to five vehicle-to-vehicle impact cases, the compatibility between the actual event dynamics and the results of simulations allowed to emphasize the method potential in the application field.


Forensic Sci Int


Vangi D,Begani F,Spitzhüttl F,Gulino MS




Has Abstract


2019-05-01 00:00:00












  • New impurity profiles of recent Australian imported 'ice': methamphetamine impurity profiling and the identification of (pseudo)ephedrine and Leuckart specific marker compounds.

    abstract::Determination of the synthetic route in methamphetamine profiling relies on the identification of key, route specific marker impurity compounds. Impurity profiling of recent crystalline methamphetamine ('ice'), seized by the Australian Federal Police at the Australian border in 2003-2004, identified route specific mar...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qi Y,Evans I,McCluskey A

    更新日期:2007-07-04 00:00:00

  • Forensic identification in teeth with caries.

    abstract::Human teeth are biological structures that resist extreme conditions thus becoming a useful source of DNA for human forensic identification purposes. When it is possible, forensic prefer only non-damaged teeth whereas those with cavities are usually rejected to avoid both external and internal bacterial contamination....

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alia-García E,Parra-Pecharromán D,Sánchez-Díaz A,Mendez S,Royuela A,Gil-Alberdi L,López-Palafox J,Del Campo R

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • A fatal intoxication by chloroprene.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Objective Chloroprene, 2-chloro-1,3 butadiene, is a volatile synthetic liquid. The chloroprene monomer is extremely reactive and is used for the production of latexes and synthetic rubber such as Neoprene. Up to now an acute lethal human exposure has been described only once in the literature [19]. The intox...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rickert A,Hartung B,Kardel B,Teloh J,Daldrup T

    更新日期:2012-02-10 00:00:00

  • Genetic analysis of 18 X-linked short tandem repeat markers in Korean population.

    abstract::The population genetic data of 18 X-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) markers DXS6807, DXS8378, DXS9895, DXS9902, DXS6810, DXS7132, DXS981, DXS6800, DXS9898, DXS6789, DXS101, DXS6797, GATA172D05, GATA165B12, HPRTB, GATA31E08, DXS8377, and DXS7423 were analyzed in samples of unrelated 220 males and 181 females from...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shin SH,Yu JS,Park SW,Min GS,Chung KW

    更新日期:2005-01-06 00:00:00

  • Determination of sex from various hand dimensions of Koreans.

    abstract::In the case of disasters or crime scenes, forensic anthropometric methods have been utilized as a reliable way to quickly confirm the identification of victims using only a few parts of the body. A total of 321 measurement data (from 167 males and 154 females) were analyzed to investigate the suitability of detailed h...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jee SC,Bahn S,Yun MH

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental investigation of the mechanical properties of brain simulants used for cranial gunshot simulation.

    abstract::The mechanical properties of the human brain at high strain rate were investigated to analyse the mechanisms that cause backspatter when a cranial gunshot wound occurs. Different concentrations of gelatine and a new material (M1) developed in this work were tested and compared to bovine brain samples. Kinetic energy a...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lazarjan MS,Geoghegan PH,Jermy MC,Taylor M

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Structural characterization of the new synthetic cannabinoids CUMYL-PINACA, 5F-CUMYL-PINACA, CUMYL-4CN-BINACA, 5F-CUMYL-P7AICA and CUMYL-4CN-B7AICA.

    abstract::Synthetic cannabinoids are a group of new psychoactive compounds (NPS) that act as agonists at the cannabinoid receptor. First reported in 2008, they currently represent one of the largest groups of NPS that are monitored by the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). Five samples (4 from the...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bovens M,Bissig C,Staeheli SN,Poetzsch M,Pfeiffer B,Kraemer T

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Doping control analysis of selected peptide hormones using LC-MS(/MS).

    abstract::With the constantly increasing sensitivity and robustness of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based instruments combined with enhanced reproducibility as well as mass accuracy and resolution, LC-MS(/MS) has become an integral part of sports drug testing programs particularly concerning the detection of peptide ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thevis M,Thomas A,Schänzer W

    更新日期:2011-12-10 00:00:00

  • Establishing identity using cheiloscopy and palatoscopy.

    abstract::Establishing a person's identity can be a very difficult process. Dental, fingerprint and DNA comparisons are probably the most common techniques used in this context, allowing fast and secure identification processes. However, since they cannot always be used, sometimes it is necessary to apply different and less kno...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Caldas IM,Magalhães T,Afonso A

    更新日期:2007-01-05 00:00:00

  • Is etizolam a safe medication? Effects on psychomotor perfomance at therapeutic dosages of a newly abused psychoactive substance.

    abstract::Etizolam is a drug from the thienotriazoldiazepine class, widely prescribed as anxiolytic due to its apparently secure toxicological profile. Nevertheless, some recent cases of etizolam dependence, intoxications and fatalities associated to its abuse have been reported in the international literature. For this reason,...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Busardò FP,Di Trana A,Montanari E,Mauloni S,Tagliabracci A,Giorgetti R

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of non-metric variation in the crania of black and white perinates.

    abstract::Reports in the literature suggest that diagnostic differences in craniofacial morphology between blacks and whites arise very early in development. These reports, however, have not been consistent regarding which traits are diagnostic and have failed to provide forensic anthropologists with a reliable method of assess...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weinberg SM,Putz DA,Mooney MP,Siegel MI

    更新日期:2005-07-16 00:00:00

  • Adulterants encountered in the illicit cocaine market.

    abstract::Illicit cocaine samples (156), seized on Rome's illegal market between January 1996 and June 1997, were examined. Both the purity of the cocaine and the presence of substances employed for dilution were determined for each sample. Adulterants were found in many of the street samples analysed. Lidocaine (average 14.7%)...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fucci N,De Giovanni N

    更新日期:1998-08-12 00:00:00

  • Determination of cocaine and its metabolites in brain tissue using high-flow solid-phase extraction columns and high-performance liquid chromatography.

    abstract::A new solid-phase extraction procedure for the determination of cocaine and some of its metabolites in brain tissue, using high-flow co-polymeric sorbents is reported as a substantial improvement on our recently reported procedure. The recovery of cocaine, norcocaine and cocaethylene was excellent as was the reproduci...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore C,Browne S,Tebbett I,Negrusz A

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Human identification by FSS system adapted to cephalometric radiographs.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to verify the applicability and reproducibility of the FSS system [8] adapted for frontal and lateral cephalometric radiographs of the frontal sinus for human identification purposes. Eighty lateral and frontal digital cephalometric radiographs from a private Dental Radiology service's databa...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rabelo KA,Dos Anjos Pontual ML,de Queiroz Jordão N,de Paiva KM,de Moraes Ramos-Perez FM,dos Santos MS,dos Anjos Pontual A

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Estimation of sex from sternal measurements in a Western Australian population.

    abstract::In Australia, particularly Western Australia, there is a relative paucity of contemporary population-specific morphometric standards for the estimation of sex from unknown skeletal remains. This is largely a historical artefact from lacking, or poorly documented, repositories of human skeletons available for study. Ho...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franklin D,Flavel A,Kuliukas A,Cardini A,Marks MK,Oxnard C,O'Higgins P

    更新日期:2012-04-10 00:00:00

  • Estimation of age from the femur of Japanese cadavers.

    abstract::The purpose of this study is to estimate the age of cadavers by histomorphometry of the femur. Seventy-two Japanese males ranged from 43 days to 92 years old and 26 females ranged from 2 to 88 years old were used. The thickness of sections was adjusted at 50 to 70 microns by grinding with sand paper. The sections were...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watanabe Y,Konishi M,Shimada M,Ohara H,Iwamoto S

    更新日期:1998-11-30 00:00:00

  • Analysis of 50 SNPs in CYP2D6, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, CYP3A4 and CYP1A2 by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry in Chinese Han population.

    abstract::One of the major challenges in the near future is the identification of genes that affect the metabolism of different drugs. Large scale association studies that utilise single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been considered a valuable tool for this purpose. CYP2D6, CYP2C19, CYP2C9, CYP3A4 and CYP1A2 were found t...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shi Y,Xiang P,Li L,Shen M

    更新日期:2011-04-15 00:00:00

  • Postmortem catecholamine levels in pericardial and cerebrospinal fluids with regard to the cause of death in medicolegal autopsy.

    abstract::Previous studies have suggested that postmortem serum catecholamine levels reflect the magnitude of physical stress responses or toxic/hyperthermic neuronal dysfunction during the death process. The present study investigated postmortem adrenaline (Adr), noradrenaline (Nad), and dopamine (DA) levels in pericardial flu...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ishikawa T,Quan L,Michiue T,Kawamoto O,Wang Q,Chen JH,Zhu BL,Maeda H

    更新日期:2013-05-10 00:00:00

  • Forensic drug intelligence and the rise of cryptomarkets. Part II: Combination of data from the physical and virtual markets.

    abstract::Technology provides new ways to access customers and suppliers while enhancing the security of off-line criminal activity. Since the first cryptomarket, Silk Road, in 2011, cryptomarkets have transformed the traditional drug sale by facilitating the creation of a global network of vendors and buyers. Due to the fragme...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morelato M,Broséus J,De Grazia A,Tahtouh M,Esseiva P,Roux C

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Haemorrhages in head tissues during the asphyxiation process.

    abstract::Two rates of carbon dioxide flow into the termination chamber were applied for the euthanasia of rats. The classical phases of asphyxia were observed in both groups of animals although their course was prolonged in rats exposed to the lower gas flow. The haemorrhages were assessed histologically in the following struc...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hauser R,Jankowski Z,Gos T,Krzyzanowski M

    更新日期:2001-12-27 00:00:00

  • Use of laser microdissection greatly improves the recovery of DNA from sperm on microscope slides.

    abstract::Traditionally, sperms are isolated from vaginal cell mixtures by preferential extraction methods. Although these methods work well when there is a reasonable amount of DNA present, they are problematic when there are limited amounts (ca. 250 pg). In particular, the analysis of sperm from microscope slides has proven d...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elliott K,Hill DS,Lambert C,Burroughes TR,Gill P

    更新日期:2003-10-14 00:00:00

  • Terraskin® the paper made from stone: a study of a new writing support for forensic purposes.

    abstract::Can a mineral paper be called paper? Until now all known writing supports have been ancient stones and tablets, parchment, and paper of vegetable origin, such as papyrus and fiber pulp paper. Some years ago polymeric banknotes appeared in Australia, and in 2004 mineral paper (stone plus polymer) emerged as an ecologic...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ezcurra M

    更新日期:2012-07-10 00:00:00

  • Weapon identification using antemortem computed tomography with virtual 3D and rapid prototype modeling--a report in a case of blunt force head injury.

    abstract::A frequent request of a prosecutor referring to forensic autopsy is to determine the mechanism of an injury and to identify the weapons used to cause those injuries. This task could be problematic in many ways, including changes in the primary injury caused by medical intervention and the process of healing. To accomp...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woźniak K,Rzepecka-Woźniak E,Moskała A,Pohl J,Latacz K,Dybała B

    更新日期:2012-10-10 00:00:00

  • Postmortem serotonin (5-HT) concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid of medicolegal cases.

    abstract::In a medicolegal study the postmortem serotonin (5-HT) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations were determined in routine autopsies using a high performance liquid chromatographic procedure with electrochemical detection. There was no correlation between 5-HT concentrations and age, sex or blood alcohol concentration...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Musshoff F,Menting T,Madea B

    更新日期:2004-06-10 00:00:00

  • Subdural hemorrhage: A unique case involving secondary vitamin K deficiency bleeding due to biliary atresia.

    abstract::Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) is a rare disease characterized by progressive and obliterative cholangiopathy in infants and is one of the major causes of secondary vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) due to cholestasis-induced fat malabsorption. Breast feeding increases the tendency of bleeding in EHBA patients...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyao M,Abiru H,Ozeki M,Kotani H,Tsuruyama T,Kobayashi N,Omae T,Osamura T,Tamaki K

    更新日期:2012-09-10 00:00:00

  • A new method for detecting diatoms in human organs.

    abstract::A new method for diatom detection is described. It includes an ultrasonic irradiation procedure with the use of a tissue solubilizer. The method is easy to carry out and is less time-consuming than previous techniques. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fukui Y,Hata M,Takahashi S,Matsubara K

    更新日期:1980-07-01 00:00:00

  • Study of the diagnostic value of iron in fresh water drowning.

    abstract::The aim of our study was to test the diagnostic value of iron (Fe) in fresh water drowning by investigating the postmortem levels of hemodilution in drowning cases compared to control cases. Twenty-six typical fresh water drowning cases were selected from 128 immersion cases autopsied in our Department of Forensic Pat...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de la Grandmaison GL,Leterreux M,Lasseuguette K,Alvarez JC,de Mazancourt P,Durigon M

    更新日期:2006-03-10 00:00:00

  • Influence of multiple injections of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on urine and serum endogenous steroids concentrations.

    abstract::Since it is established that human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) affects testosterone production and release in the human body, the use of this hormone as a performance enhancing drug has been prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. Nowadays, the only validated biomarker of a hCG doping is its direct quantification...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strahm E,Marques-Vidal P,Pralong F,Dvorak J,Saugy M,Baume N

    更新日期:2011-12-10 00:00:00

  • GHB in postmortem toxicology. Discrimination between endogenous production from exposure using multiple specimens.

    abstract::Since gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is present in both blood and urine of the general population as an endogenous compound, toxicologists must be able to discriminate between these endogenous levels and a concentration resulting from exogenous exposure. The implementation of a cut-off concentration must be done cautious...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kintz P,Villain M,Cirimele V,Ludes B

    更新日期:2004-07-16 00:00:00

  • Changes in antidepressant metabolism in pregnancy evidenced by metabolic ratios in hair: a novel approach.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression and other psychiatric illnesses are common during pregnancy and are often treated with antidepressants. Physiological changes of pregnancy may alter the pharmacokinetics of medications and ultimately affect the dose required to maintain effective therapy. Human hair offers a safe, non-invasive way...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Brien L,Baumer C,Thieme D,Sachs H,Koren G

    更新日期:2010-03-20 00:00:00