Non-canonical NF-κB signaling activation and regulation: principles and perspectives.

Abstract:

:Nuclear-factor κB (NF-κB) transcription factors are activated by a wide variety of stimuli in diverse cell types and control key aspects of immune function and development. Receptor-mediated activation of NF-κB appears to occur through two distinct signaling pathways termed as the canonical and non-canonical NF-κB pathways. Although much work has demonstrated the physiological importance of non-canonical NF-κB signaling to immunity and its involvement in diverse pathologies, such as cancers and autoimmune disease, the architecture and regulation of the pathway is only beginning to be understood. The non-canonical pathway appears to be activated by a select set of receptors within the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, and we discuss the molecular mechanisms that connect ligation of these receptors to pathway activation. It has become increasingly clear that the key regulatory step of the pathway involves modulation of the post-translational degradation of NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK), the central activating kinase of non-canonical NF-κB signaling. How NIK post-translational stability is controlled before and after receptor ligation is an important aspect of understanding non-canonical NF-κB signaling. Furthermore, how release of NF-κB dimers downstream of the pathway's activation is actually connected to its identified physiological and pathological roles is a key remaining question in the field.

journal_name

Immunol Rev

journal_title

Immunological reviews

authors

Razani B,Reichardt AD,Cheng G

doi

10.1111/j.1600-065X.2011.01059.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-11-01 00:00:00

pages

44-54

issue

1

eissn

0105-2896

issn

1600-065X

journal_volume

244

pub_type

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