2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin induced autophagy in a bovine kidney cell line.

Abstract:

:The administration of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) to a variety of cultured cells may alter their ability to proliferate and die. In a previous study we demonstrated that TCDD induced proliferation in Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney (MDBK) cells where no signs of apoptosis were observed, but herein, analysis of MDBK cell morphology, in a large number of exposed cells, revealed some alterations, as expanded cytoplasm, an increase of intercellular spaces and many pyknotic nuclei. Hence, the aim of the current study was to elucidate the influences of dioxin on cell proliferation and cell death. We found that dioxin increased proliferation, as well as, activated cell death with autophagy, as we detected by increased amount of LC3-II, an autophagosome marker. Furthermore, formation of acidic vesicular organelles was observed by fluorescence microscopy following staining with the lysosomotropic agent acridine orange. These results were accompanied by down-regulation of telomerase activity, bTERT and c-Myc. Key tumor-suppressor protein p53 and expression of cell cycle inhibitor p21Waf1/Cip1 were activated after TCDD exposure. These changes occurred with activation of ATM phosphorylation in the presence of a decrease in Mdm2 protein levels. Taken together, these results support the idea that TCDD in MDBK cells, may exert its action, in part, by enhancing cell proliferation, but also by modulating the incidence of induced cell death with autophagy.

journal_name

Toxicology

journal_title

Toxicology

authors

Fiorito F,Ciarcia R,Granato GE,Marfe G,Iovane V,Florio S,De Martino L,Pagnini U

doi

10.1016/j.tox.2011.10.004

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-12-18 00:00:00

pages

258-70

issue

2-3

eissn

0300-483X

issn

1879-3185

pii

S0300-483X(11)00443-4

journal_volume

290

pub_type

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