Geropsychology: the gender gap in human aging--a mini-review.


:Differences between women and men in terms of gender gaps at late stages of their lives are the focus of this mini-review. We approach the matter by taking up the position of complex yet promising standpoints, the bio-psycho-social perspective on the one hand and approaches of developmental psychology on the other. Lifespan perspectives and the brain-behavior relationship are integrated and applied to geropsychological models. Research on gender differences is presented and examined, particularly regarding physiological and psychological differences between aging men and women; additionally, gender discrepancies in psychopathology are discussed. Prevailing concepts of 'active aging' are introduced and their implications for the review of divergent gender differences are considered.






Kryspin-Exner I,Lamplmayr E,Felnhofer A




Has Abstract


2011-01-01 00:00:00














  • Pulmonary embolism in the elderly: clinical, instrumental and laboratory aspects.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To focus on diagnostic and therapeutic problems of pulmonary embolism in the elderly. METHODS:Retrospective analysis of 5 years of clinical, instrumental, and laboratory data (collected at the time of hospital admission) for patients 65 years and older with pulmonary embolism proven by a high-probability sci...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masotti L,Ceccarelli E,Cappelli R,Guerrini M,Forconi S

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • A novel mutation in a patient with Werner's syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Werner's syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive disorder, is characterized by features of premature aging. Seventy-five percent of the alleles of Japanese patients with Werner's syndrome have one of three major mutations. OBJECTIVE:To determine the genotype of a patient with Werner's syndrome. METHODS:We dia...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakayama T,Ochiai T,Takahashi Y,Ohkubo K,Hironaga T,Kokubun S

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the nucleolar organizer regions in Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder in middle and late age. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes are located in the nucleolus (nucleolar organizer regions = NORs). There are increased deposits of beta-amyloid protein in the brains of the patients with AD and aged individuals with Down's syndrome (...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dönmez-Altuntaş H,Akalin H,Karaman Y,Demirtaş H,Imamoğlu N,Ozkul Y

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of aging on muscle fibers and collagen content of the diaphragm: a comparison with the rectus abdominis muscle.

    abstract::Age-related changes of muscle fiber and collagen content of the diaphragm (DIA) and rectus abdominis (RA) muscles were examined in rats aged 1, 4, 8 and 18 months. The cross-sectional areas of all muscle fiber types (I, IIa, IIb) and the amount of collagen in both DIA and RA increased up to the age of 8 months after w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodrigues CJ,Rodrigues Júnior AJ,Bohm GM

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of severe aortic stenosis on the outcome in elderly patients undergoing repair of hip fracture.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The perioperative assessment and management of elderly patients with hip fracture and significant aortic stenosis (AS) is an increasingly common clinical problem with little data available to guide perioperative management. OBJECTIVES:It was the aim of this study to examine the incidence of perioperative ev...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leibowitz D,Rivkin G,Schiffman J,Rott D,Weiss AT,Mattan Y,Kandel L

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Zika Virus Infection in the Elderly: Possible Relationship with Guillain-Barré Syndrome.

    abstract::The Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in French Polynesia, in 2013, and in Brazil, in 2015, was correlated with neurological complications, which comprised, among others, congenital microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), which includes a group of acute autoimmune neuropathies generally reported after respiratory or ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Savino W,Messias CV,Mendes-da-Cruz DA,Passos P,Ferreira AC,Nascimento OJ

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Upper extremity function, an independent predictor of adverse events in hospitalized elderly.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the relationships between upper extremity function (UEF) and mortality, need for social assistance and change of residence, at discharge from hospital and at 1 month following discharge. METHODS:Observational, cohort study. SETTING:Acute Geriatric Unit of a Tertiary Teaching Hospital. SUBJECTS:3...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abizanda P,Navarro JL,Romero L,León M,Sánchez-Jurado PM,Domínguez L

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Disorders in peripheral arterial system in asymptomatic elderly: plethysmographic semiology at rest, during postural, effort and pharmacological tests.

    abstract::The vascular system of 30 old asymptomatic patients (average age 62.5 years) was studied by reflection plethysmography. The plethysmogram (PTG) was recorded from the forefinger of the left hand at rest, during two postural tests (+45 degrees arm-up and -45 degrees arm-down), after physical work, and during the infusio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strozzi C,Cocco G,Destro A,Padovan G,Abbasciano V,Tosatti S

    更新日期:1979-01-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship among activities of daily living, apathy, and subjective well-being in elderly people living alone in a rural town.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are limited psychological data on the quality of life and activities of daily living among elderly Japanese who live alone. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to examine the frequency of apathy and its correlation with activities of daily living and with subjective well-being in elderly people living...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yamashita K,Iijima K,Kobayashi S

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Reference values for 27 clinical chemistry tests in 70-year-old males and females.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Reference values are usually defined based on blood samples from healthy men or nonpregnant women in the age range of 20-50 years. These values are not optimal for elderly patients, as many biological markers change over time and adequate reference values are important for correct clinical decisions. OBJECT...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carlsson L,Lind L,Larsson A

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Just one look, and fractures and death can be predicted in elderly ambulatory women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The chronological age is clearly the strongest risk factor for fractures or death. Age as a concept can be described exactly as chronological age. Age in relative terms can be described as biological age. OBJECTIVE:We postulated that, even without taking into account known or unknown comorbidity, an immedia...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gerdhem P,Ringsberg K,Akesson K,Obrant KJ

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Intraindividual variability, change, and aging: conceptual and analytical issues.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Developmental researchers use a variety of research designs to examine aging-related changes. Most longitudinal studies of aging are based on research designs that feature successive, widely spaced, assessments to estimate changes in cognitive performance. Such designs assume that short-term variations in co...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martin M,Hofer SM

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Age-related changes in both circadian and seasonal rhythms of rectal temperature with special reference to senile dementia of Alzheimer type.

    abstract::The biological rhythms of rectal temperature were documented in young (circadian variations) and elderly (circadian and seasonal variations) human subjects either in apparent good health or suffering from senile dementia of Alzheimer type (SDAT). All the subjects were synchronized. Data obtained showed a decrease of t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Touitou Y,Reinberg A,Bogdan A,Auzéby A,Beck H,Touitou C

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Some unusual features of Paget's disease of bone.

    abstract::The usual features of Paget's disease of bone, e.g. large head, deafness due to involvement of the 8th cranial nerve and bowing of the legs are all well described in text books of medicine. However, some features such as platybasia with neurological deficit, involvement of the 2nd, 5th and 7th cranial nerves, hydrocep...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chakravorty NK

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of malonaldehyde in Alzheimer's disease: a comparative study of high-performance liquid chromatography and thiobarbituric acid test.

    abstract::The concentration of malonaldehyde (MDA) was measured in human erythrocytes obtained from subjects suffering from senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT), non-demented elderly subjects, and from young controls by two methods: high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the thiobarbituric acid (TBA) test. Th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bermejo P,Gómez-Serranillos P,Santos J,Pastor E,Gil P,Martín-Aragón S

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cytoplasmic and nuclear binding of estradiol in the brain and pituitary of old female rats.

    abstract::The subcellular distribution of estradiol following the in vivo administration of 3H-estradiol, cytosol and nuclear estrogen receptor after in vitro incubation with 3H-estradiol were studied in young adult female rats (3-6 months old) and old female rats (over 18 months old). After intravenous injection of 3H-estradio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jiang MJ,Peng MT

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Exaggerated plasma fibrin formation (D-dimer) in elderly Alzheimer caregivers as compared to noncaregiving controls.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The chronic stress of providing care for a spouse suffering from Alzheimer's disease has been associated with an increased risk for coronary artery disease and overall mortality. Procoagulant changes are kindled by mental stress, and they are prospectively associated with atherothrombotic events. OBJECTIVE:...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Kanel R,Dimsdale JE,Adler KA,Patterson TL,Mills PJ,Grant I

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Walking habits and health-related factors in a 70-year-old population.

    abstract::Walking and other physical activities were studied in a representative population sample of 619 70-year-old people in the city of Gothenburg, Sweden. Walking was the most common physical activity declared, and two thirds of those without an obvious disability walked 30 min or more every day. Subjects who took a daily ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frändin K,Grimby G,Mellström D,Svanborg A

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a Home Health Patient Assessment Tool for Disaster Planning.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Historically, older adults have been disproportionately affected by disasters. In particular, homebound adults are especially at risk. As one facet of bolstering community resilience, home health agencies have been tasked with improving their patients' disaster preparedness. However, home health practitioner...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wyte-Lake T,Claver M,Tubbesing S,Davis D,Dobalian A

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome; a case report with analysis of auto-fluorescent ceroid-like pigments.

    abstract::The Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by a triad of oculocutaneous albinism, accumulation of auto-fluorescent ceroid-like pigments within macrophages, and bleeding tendency due to a storage pool disease of the platelets. We report an autopsy case (39y, male), who died of p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ohbayashi C,Kanomata N,Imai Y,Ito H,Shimasaki H

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Total knee arthroplasty in the elderly: patients' self-appraisal 6 and 12 months postoperatively.

    abstract::The objective of this work was to study patients' self-appraisal of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and to establish which factors determine dissatisfaction from surgery. The study group consisted of 79 patients subjected to TKA who underwent rehabilitation in a specialized institution f...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dickstein R,Heffes Y,Shabtai EI,Markowitz E

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Between- and within-individual effects of visual contrast sensitivity on perceptual matching, processing speed, and associative memory in older adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although cross-sectional studies have demonstrated associations between visual contrast sensitivity and cognitive test performance, it remains unclear whether peripheral visual or perceptual factors explain the association. OBJECTIVE:We aimed at determining whether reducing static contrast of the study stim...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anstey KJ,Butterworth P,Borzycki M,Andrews S

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regulatory T cells and the immune aging process: a mini-review.

    abstract::Constant exposure to new and persisting antigens and the need to replace cellular attrition with newly built cells lead to profound remodeling of the immune system after the age of 50 years. The impact of the immunosenescence process varies amongst the different cellular subsets represented within the immune system. E...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Jagger A,Shimojima Y,Goronzy JJ,Weyand CM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increased mitochondrial DNA deletions in the skeletal muscle of myotonic dystrophy.

    abstract::Mitochondrial abnormality in the skeletal muscles of 13 patients with myotonic dystrophy was analyzed by both histochemical and molecular biologic methods. Nine of 13 patients had ragged-red fibers (50 +/- 116 per 10,000 muscle fibers, mean +/- SD), and 10 patients had cytochrome c oxidase-negative fibers (41 +/- 90 p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sahashi K,Tanaka M,Tashiro M,Ohno K,Ibi T,Takahashi A,Ozawa T

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Neurohumoral control of liver functions during aging.

    abstract::A profound influence of steroidal (and possibly growth) hormone change during aging on the P-450 functions has been found in male rats. Direct and rapid autonomic nervous controls on glycogen metabolism in the liver is also greatly affected by aging. However, neither the responses of isolated rat hepatocyte preparatio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kitani K

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Age-related elevation of lipid peroxidation products: diminution of superoxide dismutase activity in the central nervous system of rats.

    abstract::Alteration in lipid peroxidation products such as lipid peroxides, lipid hydroperoxides were studied in different regions of CNS of ageing rats (13, 26, 52, 78 and 104 weeks). The levels of lipid peroxide and lipid hydroperoxide were increased in various regions of brain and spinal cord. However, the activity of super...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gupta A,Hasan M,Chander R,Kapoor NK

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • 25-hydroxy-vitamin D, diet and sunlight exposure in patients admitted to a geriatric unit.

    abstract::Dietary intake, sunlight exposure and 25-hydroxy-vitamin D levels were estimated in 62 patients admitted to a geriatric assessment unit. There was a significant correlation between vitamin D intake and 25-hydroxy-vitamin D levels but none between sunlight exposure and these. This suggests that in old age dietary defic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nayal AS,MacLennan WJ,Hamilton JC,Rose P,Kong M

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Brain-life span conjecture: a reevaluation of the evidence.

    abstract::Empirical evidence for the conjecture that brain weight of mammals is a better predictor of life span than is body weight, is reexamined and evaluated in this paper. The original evidence was that for 63 mammalian species, log brain weight explained 79% of the log life span variance, whereas log body weight explained ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Economos AC

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alleviating constipation in the elderly improves lower urinary tract symptoms.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Constipation and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) very frequently occur in the elderly, and several reports have suggested that dysfunction in either one of these systems may affect the other. Most studies correlating rectal and bladder dysfunction, however, have been carried out in children or young wome...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Charach G,Greenstein A,Rabinovich P,Groskopf I,Weintraub M

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Oxidative modification of proteins: age-related changes.

    abstract::Aging is a complex biological phenomenon which involves progressive loss of different physiological functions of various tissues of living organisms. It is the inevitable fate of life and is a major risk factor for death and different pathological disorders. Based on a wide variety of studies performed in humans as we...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chakravarti B,Chakravarti DN

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00