Source, catabolism and role of the tetrapeptide N-acetyl-ser-asp-lys-Pro within the testis.

Abstract:

:The tetrapeptide N-Acetyl-Seryl-Aspartyl-Lysyl-Proline (AcSDKP) is a natural regulator of hematopoietic stem cell proliferation. The present study was aimed at investigating the presence and the role of AcSDKP in rat testis. Specific immunoreactivity was always observed in the interstitial tissue at all stages of testicular development and in elongated spermatids at 45 days of age and in adults. In accordance with the interstitial labeling, high AcSDKP levels were detected in Leydig cell and testicular macrophage culture media and cell extracts, as well as in the testicular interstitial fluid (TIF). Much lower concentrations were found in peritubular cells and Sertoli cells cultures, whereas very low concentrations were present in cultured spermatocytes and spermatids. In contrast to the slight degradation rate of AcSDKP observed in the spermatocyte and spermatid culture media, no catabolism of the peptide was seen in testicular somatic cell culture medium. Furthermore, the degradation rate of AcSDKP was much lower in TIF than in peripheral blood plasma. Despite the very strong evidence indicating that Leydig cells and testicular macrophages produce AcSDKP, the selective destruction of these cells did not result in any change in AcSDKP levels in TIF or in plasma. This suggests a compensatory mechanism ensuring constant levels of the peptide in TIF when interstitial cells are absent. Finally, in vitro, in the presence of AcSDKP, significantly more [(3)H]thymidine incorporation was found in A spermatogonia. In conclusion, this study establishes the presence of very high concentrations of AcSDKP in rat testis and demonstrates its Leydig cell and testicular macrophage origin. The presence of AcSDKP in the TIF and its stimulatory effect on thymidine incorporation in spermatogonia very strongly suggest its implication in the paracrine control of spermatogenesis.

journal_name

J Cell Sci

journal_title

Journal of cell science

authors

Stéphan J,Melaine N,Ezan E,Hakovirta H,Maddocks S,Toppari J,Garnier D,Wdzieczak-Bakala J,Jégou B

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-01-01 00:00:00

pages

113-21

eissn

0021-9533

issn

1477-9137

journal_volume

113 ( Pt 1)

pub_type

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