Habituation of the acoustic and the tactile startle responses in mice: two independent sensory processes.


:To test whether habituation is specific to the stimulus modality, the authors analyzed cross-habituation between the tactile startle response' (TSR) and the acoustic startle response (ASR). The acoustic artifacts of airpuffs used to elicit the TSR were reduced by using a silencer and were effectively masked by background noise of 90-100 dB sound-pressure level. ASR was elicited by 14-kHz tones. TSR and ASR habituated in DBA and BALB mice: both the TSR and ASR habituated to a greater extent in DBA mice than in BALB mice. In both strains, habituation of the TSR did not generalize to the ASR, and vice versa. From this, the authors concluded that habituation of startle is located in the sensory afferent branches of the pathway.


Behav Neurosci


Behavioral neuroscience


Pilz PK,Carl TD,Plappert CF




Has Abstract


2004-10-01 00:00:00














  • Amiloride sensitivity in the neonatal rat.

    abstract::Amiloride-sensitive sodium channels in taste buds appear to play a key role in the response to NaCl stimulation, at least in adult rats. The researchers examined whether neonatal rats, which display an exaggerated preference for hypertonic NaCl solutions, lack functional amiloride-sensitive sodium channels. NaCl intak...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sollars SI,Bernstein IL

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Circadian modulation of the rat acoustic startle response.

    abstract::The acoustic startle response (ASR) of male rats was measured during several sessions over a 24-hr period in both a light-dark cycle and a constant-dark condition. Each session consisted of 10 trials each at 80, 90, 100, 110, and 120 dB white noise. The results indicate robust daily and circadian modulation of ASR amp...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chabot CC,Taylor DH

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of dopamine D1 and dopamine D2 antagonists on the free feeding and drinking patterns of rats.

    abstract::In male rats with food and water freely available, the specific dopamine D2 antagonist YM-09151-2 had little effect on total food or water intake across a 24-hr period. However, it produced a substantial dose-related decrease in feeding rate during meals and an enhancement of both meal size and duration. The equivalen...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clifton PG,Rusk IN,Cooper SJ

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Association of sleep parameters and memory in intact old rats and young rats with lesions in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis.

    abstract::Relations between sleep and memory were examined as a function of aging in rats. Sleep (24 hr), passive avoidance retention, and choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity were assessed in 3 age-groups (6, 15, and 24 months old). Age-related alterations were evident in sleep, memory, and cortical and striatal CAT activi...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone WS,Altman HJ,Berman RF,Caldwell DF,Kilbey MM

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • Emotion-modulated startle reflex during reappraisal: Probe timing and behavioral correlates.

    abstract::Down-regulation of negative emotions has been shown to reliably inhibit the emotion-modulated startle reflex, but it remains unclear whether the timing of the startle probe influences the quantification of emotion regulation with this measure. Moreover, it is not known whether the degree of startle inhibition correspo...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaehringer J,Schmahl C,Ende G,Paret C

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Maternity: neural mechanisms, motivational processes, and physiological adaptations.

    abstract::This review focuses on research on both the neural substrate of maternal responsiveness and on the physiological, behavioral, and motivational adaptations to the maternal state. The female's response to her young is presented as a model motivational system and the mechanisms and neural circuitry through which the medi...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Numan M,Woodside B

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::In macaque monkeys (Macaco mulatta), memory for scenes presented on touch screens is fornix dependent. However, scene learning is not a purely spatial task, and existing direct evidence for a fornix role in spatial memory comes exclusively from tasks involving learning about food-reward locations. Here the authors dem...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buckley MJ,Charles DP,Browning PG,Gaffan D

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Amygdala central nucleus lesions disrupt increments, but not decrements, in conditioned stimulus processing.

    abstract::The effects of neurotoxic lesions of the amygdala central nucleus (CN) on changes in the associability of a conditioned stimulus (CS) in appetitive Pavlovian conditioning were examined in 2 experiments with rats. In Experiment 1, CN lesions had no effect on the reduction in the associability of a CS produced by preexp...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holland PC,Gallagher M

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • Sensitivity to ethanol-induced motor incoordination in 5-HT(1B) receptor null mutant mice is task-dependent: implications for behavioral assessment of genetically altered mice.

    abstract::Neuromuscular impairment by ethanol likely involves complex effects on balance, gait, muscle strength, and other features of motor coordination. The present experiments showed that relative sensitivity to ethanol-induced motor impairment in serotonin 1B (5-HT(1B)) null mutant and control mice was task dependent. We fo...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boehm SL 2nd,Schafer GL,Phillips TJ,Browman KE,Crabbe JC

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • A behavioral probe of the growth of intake potential during the inter-meal interval in the rat.

    abstract::The rat's willingness to ingest glucose after an initial intraoral intake test was probed by beginning a 2nd intraoral intake test at variable durations (1-120 min). In Experiment 1, after an initial meal of 12.5% glucose solution averaging 26.9 +/- 1.7 ml (SEM, n = 10), the size of the 2nd (probe) meal of the same st...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaplan JM,Seeley RJ,Grill HJ

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • Postischemic hyperactivity in the Mongolian gerbil correlates with loss of hippocampal neurons.

    abstract::Gerbils show a postischemic increase in locomotor activity that correlates to the extent of neuron loss in the hippocampal CA1 subfield. It has been suggested that this hyperactivity is predictive of neuron loss in the CA1. In this study the correlation between postischemic hyperactivity and neuron loss in several hip...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andersen MB,Zimmer J,Sams-Dodd F

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00

  • Amygdala central nucleus lesions attenuate acoustic startle stimulus-evoked heart rate changes in rats.

    abstract::Amygdala central nucleus (CNA) lesions were used to test the hypothesis that stimulus-evoked heart rate changes can reflect the development of fear during acoustic startle testing. A 120-dB white noise startle stimulus produced freezing as well as phasic heart rate accelerations and decelerations, and an abrupt decrea...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young BJ,Leaton RN

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Early postnatal handling alters glucocorticoid receptor concentrations in selected brain regions.

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    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meaney MJ,Aitken DH,Bodnoff SR,Iny LJ,Tatarewicz JE,Sapolsky RM

    更新日期:1985-08-01 00:00:00

  • Anterior rhinal cortex and amygdala: dissociation of their contributions to memory and food preference in rhesus monkeys.

    abstract::Rhesus monkeys were trained on 2 versions of delayed nonmatching-to-sample, one with multiple pairs of objects and the other with a single pair, to evaluate their ability to remember objects. They then received either bilateral aspiration lesions of the anterior rhinal cortex or bilateral excitotoxic lesions of the am...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray EA,Gaffan EA,Flint RW Jr

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raslear TG,Pierrel-Sorrentino R,Rudnick F

    更新日期:1983-06-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lansdell H

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::One-month-old rats were fed 1 of 4 high-fat diets (20% fat) or chow (4.5% fat) for 3 months. Dietary saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA), or polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids varied such that their independent effects on cognitive performance could be tested. Rats were tested on a variable-interval delayed-altern...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greenwood CE,Winocur G

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ultrasonic vocalization, laryngeal braking, and thermogenesis in rat pups: a reappraisal.

    abstract::In these experiments we tested the hypothesis that the respiratory events underlying rat pup ultrasonic vocalization (USV) facilitate brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis, as proposed by Blumberg and Alberts (1990). Laryngeal denervation or tracheostomy were used to reduce or eliminate laryngeal braking and preven...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hofer MA,Shair HN

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • Aggression upon adolescent cocaine exposure linked to serotonin anomalies: theoretical comment on Ricci et al. (2004).

    abstract::Aggressive tendencies may be linked to the psychopharmacology of cocaine, yet few experimental approaches have been brought to bear on understanding the neurobiological implications of cocaine exposure during the developmentally sensitive period of adolescence. In this issue, Melloni and coauthors (L. A. Ricci, J. M. ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cunningham KA

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Heart rate measures were used to examine the functional response of young chimpanzees and orangutans to acoustic stimuli, including white noise and chimpanzee vocalizations (threat, stress, and alarm). The initial response of the animals to all stimuli was characterized by a prominent cardiac deceleration and an incre...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berntson GG,Boysen ST

    更新日期:1989-04-01 00:00:00

  • Morris water maze learning in two rat strains increases the expression of the polysialylated form of the neural cell adhesion molecule in the dentate gyrus but has no effect on hippocampal neurogenesis.

    abstract::In the current study, the authors investigated whether Morris water maze learning induces alterations in hippocampal neurogenesis or neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) polysialylation in the dentate gyrus. Two frequently used rat strains, Wistar and Sprague-Dawley, were trained in the spatial or the nonspatial versi...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van der Borght K,Wallinga AE,Luiten PG,Eggen BJ,Van der Zee EA

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::A high level of dopaminergic activation such as that produced by a high dose of amphetamine suppresses eating, whereas a low level such as that produced by a low dose can have the opposite effect. Like a high dose of amphetamine, a high level of wheel running also suppresses eating. It was hypothesized that this suppr...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lett BT,Grant VL,Gaborko LL

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual experience modulates partner preference and mPOA nitric oxide synthase in female rats.

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    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meerts SH,Park JH,Sekhawat R

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Tactile stimulation during development attenuates amphetamine sensitization and structurally reorganizes prefrontal cortex and striatum in a sex-dependent manner.

    abstract::This study investigated the effect of postnatal tactile stimulation (TS) on juvenile behavior, adult amphetamine (AMPH) sensitization, and the interaction of TS and AMPH on prefrontal cortical (PFC) thickness and striatum size. Pups received TS by stroking daily with a feather duster from birth till weaning and were t...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muhammad A,Hossain S,Pellis SM,Kolb B

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Blockade of glutamatergic transmission in the primate basolateral amygdala suppresses active behavior without altering social interaction.

    abstract::The amygdala is an integrator of affective processing, and a key component of a network regulating social behavior. While decades of lesion studies in nonhuman primates have shown alterations in social interactions after amygdala damage, acute manipulations of the amygdala in primates have been underexplored. We recen...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Forcelli PA,Wellman LL,Malkova L

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of naltrexone and signaling inescapable electric shock on nociception and gastric lesions in rats.

    abstract::The antinociceptive effects of signaled shock and its physiological underpinnings were examined in two experiments. In Experiment 1, rats were exposed to one of three shock conditions: no shock, unsignaled shock, and signaled (by a 10-s, 1000-Hz tone) shock. In each condition the rats were tested hourly in the absence...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guile MN,McCutcheon NB

    更新日期:1984-08-01 00:00:00

  • A role for alpha-adrenergic receptors in extinction of conditioned fear and cocaine conditioned place preference.

    abstract::Previous work has demonstrated an important role for adrenergic receptors in memory processes in fear and drug conditioning paradigms. Recent studies have also demonstrated alterations in extinction in these paradigms using drug treatments targeting beta- and alpha2-adrenergic receptors, but little is known about the ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernardi RE,Lattal KM

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • HemiParkinson analogue rats display active support in good limbs versus passive support in bad limbs on a skilled reaching task of variable height.

    abstract::Rats with unilateral dopamine (DA) depletion (hemiParkinson analogue rats) are impaired in using the contralateral (bad) limbs for skilled movements and for postural adjustments and compensate by using their good limbs in novel ways. The present study consisted of a reaching task in which compensatory adjustments usin...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miklyaeva EI,Whishaw IQ

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • CS-US preexposure effects on trace eyeblink conditioning in young rats: potential implications for functional brain development.

    abstract::Recent studies of delay eyeblink conditioning (EBC) in young rats have demonstrated different effects of various conditioned and unconditioned stimulus (CS-US) preexposure conditions on learning at different ages. The present study extends this research to trace EBC. Subjects experienced 1 of 3 preexposure conditions ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Claflin DI,Buffington ML

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mnemonic theories of hippocampal function.

    abstract::Although mnemonic interpretations of hippocampal function in people have been readily accepted for many years, similar interpretations of hippocampal function in animals have received a number of challenges. This article reviews two of these challenges, shows how they were resolved in favor of some kind of mnemonic in...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Olton DS,Wible CG,Shapiro ML

    更新日期:1986-12-01 00:00:00