Promoting and Implementing the Mediterranean Diet in the Southern Hemisphere: the Chilean Experience.


:Increasing scientific evidence shows that the Mediterranean lifestyle -including a characteristic dietary pattern as well as psychosocial and cultural features- has beneficial effects on human health. However, production and use of some of the distinctive components (e.g., olive oil, red wine, nuts, legumes, fish and seafood) of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) are not exclusively confined to the Mediterranean Basin, but are also found in other world regions, including California, Southwestern Australia, South Africa, and Chile. Central Chile exhibits a Mediterranean climate and Chilean agriculture and culinary traditions show striking similarities to Mediterranean countries. Using a MedDiet index adapted to food habits in Chile, we found that only 10% of the adult population displays this healthy eating behavior. Furthermore, high scores in the MedDiet index correlate with lower prevalence of overweight, obesity, and metabolic syndrome in Chilean adults. High adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet is also associated with better psychological wellbeing. Finally, a pilot study investigating the effects of a Mediterranean diet in Chile -as part of a 'food-at-work intervention'- showed a significant improvement in diet quality which was associated with a 35% reduction in the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. Increased appreciation and application of a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern may therefore improve health and quality of life in the population of Chile, where non-communicable chronic diseases are increasingly common.


Eur J Clin Nutr


Echeverría G,Dussaillant C,McGee EE,Mena C,Nitsche MP,Urquiaga I,Bitran M,Pedrals N,Rigotti A




Has Abstract


2019-07-01 00:00:00




Suppl 1










  • Dairy fat in cheese raises LDL cholesterol less than that in butter in mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether dairy fat in cheese raises low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol as much as in butter, since epidemiology suggests a different impact on cardiovascular disease. DESIGN:A randomised crossover trial testing the daily consumption of 40 g dairy fat as butter or as matured cheddar cheese,...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Nestel PJ,Chronopulos A,Cehun M

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Passive and active roles of fat-free mass in the control of energy intake and body composition regulation.

    abstract::While putative feedback signals arising from adipose tissue are commonly assumed to provide the molecular links between the body's long-term energy requirements and energy intake, the available evidence suggests that the lean body or fat-free mass (FFM) also plays a role in the drive to eat. A distinction must, howeve...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dulloo AG,Jacquet J,Miles-Chan JL,Schutz Y

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal stress and distress and child nutritional status.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE:To assess the relationship between maternal stress and distress in pregnancy and 5-8 years postpartum and child nutritional status. SUBJECTS/METHODS:Longitudinal cohort study carried out in Jundiai city, Southeast Brazil, involving 409 women followed throughout pregnancy to 5-8 years postpartum, a...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rondó PH,Rezende G,Lemos JO,Pereira JA

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  • The Mediterranean diet in Spain.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to assess the food habits of the Spanish population and the composition of the fat consumed. The national food survey data have been used. This survey was carried out during one week in a representative sample of households by means of recorded weighing or the household measures method. Th...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moreiras-Varela O

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  • Alcohol drinking and risk of small for gestational age birth.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chiaffarino F,Parazzini F,Chatenoud L,Ricci E,Sandretti F,Cipriani S,Caserta D,Fedele L

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Attained height of lacto-ovo vegetarian children and adolescents.

    abstract::The relationship between diet and attained height was studied in children and adolescents in Southern California. Diet pattern was determined from an extensive food frequency questionnaire in 1765 Caucasian children of 7-18 years, attending state schools (452 m and 443 f) and Seventh-day Adventist schools (427 m and 4...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Serum concentration of micronutrients in relation to schistosomiasis and indicators of infection: a cross-sectional study among rural Zimbabwean schoolchildren.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of meals with high soluble fibre, high amylose barley variant on glucose, insulin, satiety and thermic effect of food in healthy lean women.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


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  • Effects of reduced energy intake on the biology of aging: the primate model.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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  • The 'carnivore connection'--evolutionary aspects of insulin resistance.

    abstract::Insulin resistance is common and is determined by physiological (aging, physical fitness), pathological (obesity) and genetic factors. The metabolic compensatory response to insulin resistance is hyperinsulinaemia, the primary purpose of which is to maintain normal glucose tolerance. The 'carnivore connection' postula...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Halil M,Ulger Z,Varlı M,Döventaş A,Oztürk GB,Kuyumcu ME,Yavuz BB,Yesil Y,Tufan F,Cankurtaran M,Saka B,Sahin S,Curgunlu A,Tekin N,Akçiçek F,Karan MA,Atlı T,Beger T,Erdinçler DS,Arıoğul S

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Feasibility of repeated 24-h dietary recalls combined with a food-recording booklet, using EPIC-Soft, among preschoolers.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Steenbergen WM,Kusin JA,Kardjati S,Renqvist UH

    更新日期:1991-02-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


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    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between estimated acrylamide intakes, and hemoglobin AA adducts in a sample from the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wirfält E,Paulsson B,Törnqvist M,Axmon A,Hagmar L

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Absorption and antioxidant effects of quercetin from onions, in man.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the in vivo effects of quercetin following the ingestion of fried onions. DESIGN:Five healthy volunteers, three males and two females aged between 25 and 39 y, ingested 225 g of fried onions after an overnight fast and peripheral venous blood was collected 0, 2, 4, 24 and 48 h after consumptio...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in human plasma essential fatty acid levels as a result of administration of linoleic acid and gamma-linolenic acid.

    abstract::Administration of doses of linoleic acid (LA) up to 36 g/d in humans raised blood levels of linoleic acid but not of its metabolites. This is probably because the conversion of LA to gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is slow and rate-limiting. We have found that administration of relatively small amounts of GLA, up to 360 mg...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manku MS,Morse-Fisher N,Horrobin DF

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive and affective factors linking mothers' perceived weight history to child feeding.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To explore whether mothers' lifetime experiences with their own weight status and related cognitive and affective factors influence child feeding behavior. SUBJECTS/METHODS:Overweight mothers (N = 221) of 4-5 year olds recalled their weight at four time points, and were grouped into weight histor...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bouhlal S,Abrams LR,McBride CM,Persky S

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Response rates with different distribution methods and reward, and reproducibility of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the use of a self-administered quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) in a national dietary survey concerning (a) response rates with different distribution methods and reward; (b) degree of underreporting of energy intake; (c) reproducibility of the QFFQ; and (d) seasonal variation on ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of physiological doses of oral vitamin B12 on plasma homocysteine: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial in India.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Vitamin B(12) (B(12)) deficiency is common in Indians and a major contributor to hyperhomocysteinemia, which may influence fetal growth, risk of type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this paper was to study the effect of physiological doses of B(12) and folic acid on plasma t...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Deshmukh US,Joglekar CV,Lubree HG,Ramdas LV,Bhat DS,Naik SS,Hardikar PS,Raut DA,Konde TB,Wills AK,Jackson AA,Refsum H,Nanivadekar AS,Fall CH,Yajnik CS

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolic and hormonal effects of five common African diets eaten as mixed meals: the Cameroon Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate glycaemic and insulinaemic index and in vitro digestibility of the five most common Cameroonian mixed meals consisting of rice+tomato soup (diet A), bean stew+plantains (B), foofoo corn+ndolé (C), yams+groundnut soup (D), and koki beans+cassava (E). SUBJECTS:Ten healthy non-obese volunteers, aged...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mbanya JC,Mfopou JK,Sobngwi E,Mbanya DN,Ngogang JY,Cameroon Study.

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Fruit and vegetable intake and mortality from cardiovascular disease in Japan: a 24-year follow-up of the NIPPON DATA80 Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:There have been few studies on the association of fruit and vegetable (FV) intake with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Asian populations where both dietary habits and disease structure are different from western countries. No study in Asia has found its significant association with stroke. We...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okuda N,Miura K,Okayama A,Okamura T,Abbott RD,Nishi N,Fujiyoshi A,Kita Y,Nakamura Y,Miyagawa N,Hayakawa T,Ohkubo T,Kiyohara Y,Ueshima H,NIPPON DATA80 Research Group.

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Current practices in the delivery of parenteral nutrition in Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine current practice in the delivery of parenteral nutrition (PN) in Australian hospitals. DESIGN:A cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING:Acute-care adult hospitals with greater than 200 beds in Australia. SUBJECTS:A total of 67 hospitals (65.7% response rate). INTERVENTION:Surveys were posted to ...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ali AB,Chapman-Kiddell C,Reeves MM

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Nutritional intervention to reduce the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio increases adiponectin concentration and fatty acid oxidation in healthy subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Consumption of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has a favourable impact on inflammation and cardiovascular disease. However, the Western diet is characterized by a low n-3 PUFA intake and an imbalance in the n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio. Study the effect 10-week of diet modification to decrease the n-...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guebre-Egziabher F,Rabasa-Lhoret R,Bonnet F,Bastard JP,Desage M,Skilton MR,Vidal H,Laville M

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Glycemic response to low sugar apple juice treated with invertase, glucose oxidase and catalase.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Investigating the effect on post-prandial glycemic and venous serum insulin response of an apple drink following the conversion of its glucose to gluconate. SUBJECTS/METHODS:In a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial with cross-over design, 30 male adults with impaired fasting...

    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Laue C,Ballance S,Knutsen SH,Papazova E,Soeth E,Pannenbeckers A,Schrezenmeir J

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Aging, low-grade systemic inflammation and vitamin D: a mini-review.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gonçalves de Carvalho CM,Ribeiro SM

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of obesity and hypertension and related risk factors in Uzbekistan.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mishra V,Arnold F,Semenov G,Hong R,Mukuria A

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in the intake of vitamins and minerals by men and women with hyperlipidemia and overweight during dietetic treatment.

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    journal_title:European journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grzybek A,Klosiewicz-Latoszek L,Targosz U

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00