Use of prolactin receptor antagonist to better understand prolactin regulation of pituitary homeostasis.

Abstract:

:The anterior pituitary is permanently regulated by processes of apoptosis and proliferation in order to maintain tissue homeostasis. Several factors have been implicated in this regulation and lately, prolactin (PRL) has been included into that list. However, since PRL is secreted by anterior pituitary lactotropes, the actual outcome of its autocrine/paracrine actions on pituitary cells has remained difficult to assess. The availability of the pure PRL receptor antagonist Del1-9-G129R-hPRL has been helpful to circumvent this problem. While PRL has been traditionally associated with increased cell proliferation, recent studies revealed that this hormone actually induces apoptosis and decreases proliferation of anterior pituitary cells, by mechanisms involving the PRL receptor. The aim of this short review is to overview our current understanding of the regulation of pituitary homeostasis by PRL. Moreover, studies involving Del1-9-G129R-hPRL have helped anticipate to what extent future treatments involving PRL receptor inhibitors may interfere with processes regulated by PRL at the central level.

journal_name

Neuroendocrinology

journal_title

Neuroendocrinology

authors

Ferraris J,Bernichtein S,Pisera D,Goffin V

doi

10.1159/000354701

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-01-01 00:00:00

pages

171-9

issue

3

eissn

0028-3835

issn

1423-0194

pii

000354701

journal_volume

98

pub_type

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