Forensic 3D documentation of skin injuries.


:An accurate and precise documentation of injuries is fundamental in a forensic pathological context. Photographs and manual measurements are taken of all injuries during autopsies, but ordinary photography projects a 3D wound on a 2D space. Using technologies such as photogrammetry, it is possible to create 3D detailed, to-scale, true-color documentation of skin injuries from 2D pictures. A comparison between the measurements of 165 lesions taken during autopsies and on photogrammetrically processed pictures was performed. Different types of lesions were considered: 38 blunt force injuries, 58 sharp force injuries, and 69 gunshot injuries. In all cases, very low differences were found with mean ≤ 0.06 cm and median ≤ 0.04 cm; a mean difference of 0.13 cm was found for the blunt force injuries. Wilcoxon signed-rank test showed no statistically significant differences between the two measurement methods (p > 0.05). The results of intra- and inter-observer tests indicated perfect agreement between the observers with mean value differences of ≤ 0.02 cm. This study demonstrated the validity of using photogrammetry for documentation of injuries in a forensic pathological context. Importantly, photogrammetry provides a permanent 3D documentation of the injuries that can be reassessed with great accuracy at any time. Such 3D models may also be combined with 3D reconstruction obtained from post-mortem CT scans for a comprehensive documentation of the lesion (internal and external information) and ultimately used for virtual reconstruction.


Int J Legal Med


Villa C




Has Abstract


2017-05-01 00:00:00














  • Airbag contact in traffic accidents: DNA detection to determine the driver identity.

    abstract::A total of 34 deployed driver and passenger airbags from altogether 20 vehicles after frontal collisions were investigated. In 80% of the airbags possible biological traces could be located with an alternative light source (ALS, Polilight) at a wavelength of 450-470 nm. These traces were swabbed, a part of them additi...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grubwieser P,Pavlic M,Günther M,Rabl W

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Postmortem imaging findings and cause of death determination compared with autopsy: a systematic review of diagnostic test accuracy and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT), postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (PMMR) and PMCT angiography (PMCTA) compared with autopsy in cases of adult death investigations. METHODS:For this systematic review and meta-analysis, Embase, PubMed, Scopus...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Ampanozi G,Halbheer D,Ebert LC,Thali MJ,Held U

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Software for Y-haplogroup predictions: a word of caution.

    abstract::The development of online software designed for genetic studies has been exponentially growing, providing numerous benefits to the scientific community. However, they should be used with care, since some require adjustments. The efficiency of two programs for haplogroup prediction was tested with 119 samples of known ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muzzio M,Ramallo V,Motti JM,Santos MR,López Camelo JS,Bailliet G

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Postmortem interrogation of cardiac implantable electrical devices may clarify time and cause of death.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Postmortem interrogation of cardiac implantable electrical devices (CIED) in autopsy is not routinely performed. Thus, it remains unclear whether an interrogation might clarify time and cause of death. METHODS:Seventy of 4401 patients (1.6%) undergoing autopsy in 2014 and 2015 presented with a CIED. The exp...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Riesinger L,Fichtner S,Schuhmann CG,Estner HL,Czermak T,Graw M,Fischer F,Lackermair K

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Setting the boundaries of prior influence on kinship relation testing: the case of many hypotheses.

    abstract::Kinship relation and, in particular, paternity probability estimation using a Bayesian approach require the input of a priori probabilities of different hypotheses. In practical case work, a priori probabilities or priors, for short, must often be estimated using only common sense and symmetry arguments because in mos...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hubig M,Sanft J,Muggenthaler H,Mall G

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Can the Greulich and Pyle method be used on French contemporary individuals?

    abstract::Forensic age estimation of living individuals has become increasingly important in forensic practice with the constant increase of migration movements to developed countries. The method of Greulich and Pyle is one of the most frequently used methods for age determination. The aim of our study was to verify the reliabi...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zabet D,Rérolle C,Pucheux J,Telmon N,Saint-Martin P

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular analysis of different classes of RNA molecules from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded autoptic tissues: a pilot study.

    abstract::For a long time, it has been thought that fresh and frozen tissues are the only possible source of biological material useful to extract nucleic acids suitable for downstream molecular analysis. Recently, for forensic purpose such as personal identification, also fixed tissues have been used to recover DNA molecules, ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muciaccia B,Vico C,Aromatario M,Fazi F,Cecchi R

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • An acute gabapentin fatality: a case report with postmortem concentrations.

    abstract::Gabapentin (GBP) (Neurontin®, Horizant®, Gralise®) is a widely prescribed medication used primarily for the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain. GBP has a favorable adverse effect profile in therapeutic dosing with the most common reported effects being dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness, weight gain, and periphera...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cantrell FL,Mena O,Gary RD,McIntyre IM

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Serum lipid feature and potential biomarkers of lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmia (LVTA) induced by myocardial ion channel diseases: a rat model study.

    abstract::To determine the cause of death in myocardial ion channel diseases (MICD)-induced sudden cardiac death (SCD) cases is a difficulty in forensic identification practices. The majority of MICD-induced SCD cases would experience lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmia (LVTA) before deaths; thus, confirming the occurrence of LV...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu J,Wu Q,Dai W,Kong J,Lv J,Yu X,Wang X,Wang D

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Kaiser's tooth.

    abstract::The recovery of DNA from teeth is usually associated with the destruction of the evidential tooth using, for instance a special grinding mill. In some cases, however, a minimal invasive method of DNA retrieval with a high recovery is required particularly when historical material has to be investigated. A tooth attrib...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Pfeiffer H,Benthaus S,Rolf B,Brinkmann B

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • The pathology of the adrenal glands in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

    abstract::The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is at present based on unknown pathogenetical mechanisms but in industrial nations is the most common cause of death in infancy after the perinatal period. Studies of a large number of adrenal glands in this syndrome have not been reported. Therefore, we evaluated 146 SIDS cases...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Pérez-Platz U,Saeger W,Dhom G,Bajanowski T

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Population genetic data of 15 STR loci in Gansu Han population from China.

    abstract::The genetic polymorphisms of 15 autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) loci included in the AmpFISTR Sinofiler™ kit were evaluated in 547 healthy unrelated Han individuals from Gansu, China. All of the loci reached the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium after the Bonferroni correction (p > 0.0033). These loci were examined to de...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sun M,Zhang X,Wu D,Shen Q,Wu Y

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • The potential of bone disease for personal identification: a case of tuberculosis.

    abstract::In the forensic anthropology practice, bone diseases are rarely considered for personal identification. In this paper, we present a forensic skeletonized case with tuberculous bone lesions, for which bone pathology may provide an indicator for positive personal identification. Antemortem hospital records were availabl...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martrille L,De Angelis D,Blum A,Gauchotte G,Cattaneo C,Biehler-Gomez L

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Forensic reconstruction of two military combat related shooting incidents using an anatomically correct synthetic skull with a surrogate skin/soft tissue layer.

    abstract::Six synthetic head models wearing ballistic protective helmets were used to recreate two military combat-related shooting incidents (three per incident, designated 'Incident 1' and 'Incident 2'). Data on the events including engagement distances, weapon and ammunition types was collated by the Defence Science and Tech...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mahoney P,Carr D,Harrison K,McGuire R,Hepper A,Flynn D,Delaney RJ,Gibb I

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Histomorphological analysis of the variability of the human skeleton: forensic implications.

    abstract::One of the fundamental questions in forensic medicine and anthropology is whether or not a bone or bone fragment is human. Surprisingly at times for the extreme degradation of the bone (charred, old), DNA cannot be successfully performed and one must turn to other methods. Histological analysis at times can be propose...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cummaudo M,Cappella A,Biraghi M,Raffone C,Màrquez-Grant N,Cattaneo C

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Quantification of secondary dentine formation from orthopantomograms--a contribution to forensic age estimation methods in adults.

    abstract::The accuracy of most age determination methods in adults is unsatisfactory and therefore more precise methods are required. Teeth provide several useful points about an individuals age. With advancing age secondary dentine is deposited along the wall of the dental pulp chamber leading to a reduction in the size of the...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paewinsky E,Pfeiffer H,Brinkmann B

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Development and validation of a formula based on maxillary sinus measurements as a tool for sex estimation: a cone beam computed tomography study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:As sex estimation is an important step to delineate the biological profile, the development of tools employing anatomical structures which may maintain their integrity even after extreme events, such as the maxillary sinus, become useful for forensic identification. Thus, the aim in the present study was to ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Farias Gomes A,de Oliveira Gamba T,Yamasaki MC,Groppo FC,Haiter Neto F,Possobon RF

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Fatal cerebellar haemorrhage due to phenprocoumon poisoning.

    abstract::A 32-year-old patient died of a cerebellar haemorrhage and the blood coagulation analysis before death suggested defective synthesis of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors due to vitamin K deficiency. The post-mortem toxicological examination of different tissues revealed phenprocoumon poisoning as the cause of death...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Höhler T,Becker J,Meyer zum Büschenfelde KH,Rittner C

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • The analysis of temporal gene expression to estimate the age of forensically important blow fly pupae: results from three blind studies.

    abstract::The estimation of the minimum postmortem interval can be implemented by age estimation of corpse-associated primary colonizers such as the blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae). In cases where pupae represent the oldest stages found on a body, their age must be added to the duration of prepupal development to estimate t...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boehme P,Spahn P,Amendt J,Zehner R

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Application of ELISA-ABC method to the identification of minute human bloodstains.

    abstract::Bloodstained threads (1 cm in length) were tested to identify human origin by a direct ELISA-ABC method using biotinylated antibody against human HbA0. By this method human bloodstains were clearly distinguishable from bloodstains of other species including Japanese monkey. The minimum detection limit of bloodstains p...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tokiwa K,Tajima M,Nishina M,Katsura S

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Trajectory reconstruction from trace evidence on spent bullets. II. Are tissue deposits eliminated by subsequent impacts?

    abstract::STR-based individualisation of biological deposits on bullets after perforation of tissue, can identify the person injured or killed by a particular bullet and comparison with the firearms used can identify the weapon and thus possibly the person who did the shooting. In this study, the effect of subsequent impacts on...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karger B,Stehmann B,Hohoff C,Brinkmann B

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dental age estimation in Somali children using the Willems et al. model.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of the current study was to retrospectively collect dental panoramic radiographs from Somali children living in Finland, to use the radiographic data to develop a new age estimation model based on the model established by Willems et al. (J Forensic Sci 46(4):893-895, 2001), and to compare the age prediction...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Metsäniitty M,Waltimo-Sirén J,Ranta H,Fieuws S,Thevissen P

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • A case of drug-facilitated sexual assault leading to death by chloroform poisoning.

    abstract::The purpose of this investigation was to determine the cause of death of a 13-year-old girl, where none was immediately evident. Our analysis showed it to be a very unusual case of a drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA), which led to the tragic death of the young rape victim and then to the suicide of the rapist. Th...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaillard Y,Masson-Seyer MF,Giroud M,Roussot JF,Prevosto JM

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Population study of 3 STR loci in the Basque Country (northern Spain).

    abstract::The tetrameric STRs, HUMTH01, HUMVWA31A and HUMFES/FPS, were studied in a population from the Basque Country (northern Spain) for their frequency distribution and applicability to identity and paternity testing. All systems conformed to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium; pairwise comparisons demonstrated the allelic independ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alonso S,Castro A,Fernandez I,Gómez de Cedrón M,Garcia-Orad A,Meyer E,Martínez de Pancorbo M

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • The evidential value of STRs. An analysis of exclusion cases.

    abstract::In this study, a total of 191 cases with STR exclusions out of 591 paternity cases were analysed using 2 STR sets, i.e. (set a) 5 STRs in 462 cases with 150 exclusions and (set b) 9 STRs in 129 cases with 41 exclusions. Set (a) was associated with four exclusions on average while set (b) showed five exclusionary loci ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brinkmann B,Pfeiffer H,Schürenkamp M,Hohoff C

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring the ancestry differentiation and inference capacity of the 28-plex AISNPs.

    abstract::Inferring an unknown DNA's ancestry using a set of ancestry-informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in forensic science is useful to provide investigative leads. This is especially true when there is no DNA database match or specified suspect. Thus, a set of SNPs with highly robust and balanced differential...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hao WQ,Liu J,Jiang L,Han JP,Wang L,Li JL,Ma Q,Liu C,Wang HJ,Li CX

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Sudden aortic death-proposal for a comprehensive diagnostic approach in forensic and in clinical pathology practice.

    abstract:BACKGROUNDS:Aortic rupture or dissection as immediate cause of sudden death is encountered in forensic and clinical autopsy practice. Despite a common denominator of 'sudden aortic death' (SAD), we expect that in both settings the diagnostic workup, being either primarily legal or primarily disease related, differs sub...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Boer HH,Dedouit F,Chappex N,van der Wal AC,Michaud K

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correction to: Mixture deconvolution by massively parallel sequencing of microhaplotypes.

    abstract::The original version of this article contained an author name error. In this article, Katrina Madella has been corrected to Katrina Maddela. ...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,已发布勘误


    authors: Bennett L,Oldoni F,Long K,Cisana S,Maddela K,Wootton S,Chang J,Hasegawa R,Lagacé R,Kidd KK,Podini D

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Stability of upper face sexual dimorphism in central European populations (Czech Republic) during the modern age.

    abstract::One of the most fundamental issues in forensic anthropology is the determination of sex and population affinity based on various skeletal elements. Therefore, we compared the sexual dimorphism of the upper facial skeleton from a recent Czech population (twenty-first century) with that of a population from Early Modern...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bejdová Š,Dupej J,Krajíček V,Velemínská J,Velemínský P

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • First Polish DNA "manhunt"--an application of Y-chromosome STRs.

    abstract::This study presents the application of Y-chromosomal STR polymorphisms to male identification in the case of a serial rapist and woman murderer in Poland. Since August 1996 a rapist from Swinoujscie (northwest Poland) committed at least 14 rapes. In the year 2000 he brutally raped 8 young girls and murdered a 22-year-...

    journal_title:International journal of legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dettlaff-Kakol A,Pawlowski R

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00