Early social isolation augments alcohol consumption in rats.

Abstract:

:There is a considerable degree of individual vulnerability for alcohol use disorder (AUD) as only a subpopulation of individuals who regularly consume alcohol develop AUD. It is therefore very important to understand the factors and mechanisms that contribute towards the individual risk for AUD. In this respect, social influences, in particular during development, may be relevant for AUD as disruptions in early social experiences are associated with an increased risk for AUD. Social play, the most prominent form of social behaviour shown by young mammals, is rewarding and considered to be important for social, emotional and cognitive development. Recent studies suggest that early social isolation, effectively depriving animals from social play, increases the risk for addictive behaviour. The aim of this study was therefore to explore the long-term consequences of early social isolation on alcohol consumption and motivation for alcohol. To this end, rats were socially isolated from postnatal days 21-42, followed by 4 weeks of social housing, and voluntary alcohol consumption and operant responding for alcohol were determined in adulthood. We observed enhanced levels of alcohol consumption in adulthood in previously isolated rats, whereas operant responding for alcohol was not altered. The impact of early social isolation was independent of the individual variation in alcohol consumption. These data indicate that social isolation, during a developmental period when social play is highly abundant, enhances the propensity to consume alcohol in adulthood. This implies that early social experience may be a protective factor against excessive alcohol use.

journal_name

Behav Pharmacol

journal_title

Behavioural pharmacology

authors

Lesscher HM,Spoelder M,Rotte MD,Janssen MJ,Hesseling P,Lozeman-van't Klooster JG,Baars AM,Vanderschuren LJ

doi

10.1097/FBP.0000000000000165

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-10-01 00:00:00

pages

673-80

issue

7 Spec No

eissn

0955-8810

issn

1473-5849

pii

00008877-201510000-00007

journal_volume

26

pub_type

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