Pilot the pulse: controlling the multiplicity of receptor dynamics.

Abstract:

:G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are involved in almost every (patho)physiological process, which explains their importance as drug targets. GPCRs have long been regarded as on/off-switches, which is reflected by direct activation or blockade of these receptors through the majority of marketed GPCR drugs. In recent years, however, our view of GPCRs has changed dramatically. GPCRs are now appreciated as integrative and highly dynamic signaling machines which can adopt numerous distinct conformations enabling them to initiate a highly ramified signaling network. We argue here that it may be possible to chemically encode distinct signaling profiles into ligands by rational ligand design. We exemplify our hypothesis by fine-tuning partial and biased agonism, thereby exploiting two new principles of GPCR modulation - dynamic and dualsteric ligand binding. We propose that the emerging understanding of the multiplicity of receptor dynamics will eventually lead to rationally designed new drugs which pilot the pulse; in other words, that stabilize distinct receptor states to fine-tune GPCR signaling.

journal_name

Trends Pharmacol Sci

authors

Bock A,Kostenis E,Tränkle C,Lohse MJ,Mohr K

doi

10.1016/j.tips.2014.10.002

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-12-01 00:00:00

pages

630-8

issue

12

eissn

0165-6147

issn

1873-3735

pii

S0165-6147(14)00167-9

journal_volume

35

pub_type

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