Validity of a screening question for head tremor: an analysis of four essential tremor case samples.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:The goal of this study was to assess the validity of a screening question for head tremor in essential tremor (ET). There are no published data on this topic, and the knowledge will guide future epidemiological investigations of this disorder. METHODS:These analyses utilized four distinct patient samples: a population-based study in northern Manhattan, a study of the environmental epidemiology of ET, a genetics study, and a brain repository. Sensitivity was the proportion of ET cases with head tremor on examination who self-reported head tremor. RESULTS:The sensitivity of the screening question for head tremor was lowest in the population-based study (31.6%), and higher as well as somewhat similar across the remaining studies (46.7 to 62.2%). Higher sensitivity was associated with tremor of longer duration, presence of voice tremor on examination, female gender, and lower education. The use of the screening question would have increased case ascertainment during the screening phase of these four studies by 1.9, 4.1, 10.2, and 20.3%. CONCLUSIONS:A screening question for head tremor had low-to-moderate sensitivity in ET. The use of such a screening questionnaire, however, has the potential to increase case ascertainment by as much as 20% in some screening settings.

journal_name

Neuroepidemiology

journal_title

Neuroepidemiology

authors

Louis ED,Michalec M

doi

10.1159/000365991

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-01-01 00:00:00

pages

65-70

issue

1

eissn

0251-5350

issn

1423-0208

pii

000365991

journal_volume

43

pub_type

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