The seven health practices, well-being, and performance at work: evidence for the value of reaching small and underserved worksites.


BACKGROUND:Research conducted over several decades demonstrates rather convincingly that seven health practices predict future mortality rates, morbidity, and disability. The current study was designed to determine the extent to which these health practices predict more proximal wellness and illness factors. METHOD:Data were collected from 345 employees working in a variety of organizations in southern California. In addition, supervisors evaluated the attendance record and job performance of the participating employees whom they directly supervised. RESULTS:Analyses revealed that, after adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, occupational status, and employee social relations, the seven health practices significantly predicted several employee wellness factors (i.e., vitality, positive well-being, and supervisory ratings of attendance) and illness factors (i.e., anxiety, depression, lack of self-control, and physical illness behavior). Employee social relations also predicted unique variance in most of the wellness and illness factors. However, neither employee health practices nor social relations predicted supervisory ratings of job performance. CONCLUSION:The pattern of findings was remarkably similar to previous work demonstrating the more distal impact of the seven health practices and suggests the value of encouraging good employee health practices at small and underserved worksites.


Prev Med


Preventive medicine


Donaldson SI,Blanchard AL




Has Abstract


1995-05-01 00:00:00














  • The impact of access to health services on prediabetes awareness: A population-based study.

    abstract::Research demonstrates that prediabetes awareness has important implications for participation in diabetes risk-reducing behaviors. We examined the impact of levels of access to health services on prediabetes awareness. In 2016, we conducted an analysis among U.S. adults with prediabetes using cross-sectional data from...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell TJ,Alberga A,Rosella LC

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Development and nationwide application of an antibiotic knowledge scale.

    abstract::Misconceptions about antibiotics among the public can potentially lead to their inappropriate use. Currently, there is no antibiotic knowledge assessment tool to address this issue. This study aimed to develop and validate an antibiotic knowledge scale (AKS) and apply this scale to assess public knowledge about antibi...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li D,Yang H,Gong Y,Zhao Y,Qiu L,Sun N,Yin X

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • The motivational determinants of breast-feeding: predictors for the continuation of breast-feeding.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to evaluate the motivational determinants of the continuation of breast-feeding until 3 months postpartum. METHODS:A prospective cohort study using the Integrated Change Model in 341 women in 5 child health care centers. RESULTS:At birth, 73% of the mothers started with breast-feed...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kools EJ,Thijs C,Kester AD,de Vries H

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • The neurobiological and behavioral overlaps of nicotine and food addiction.

    abstract::Both cigarette smoking and obesity are significant public health concerns and are associated with increased risk of early mortality. It is well established that the mesolimbic dopamine pathway is an important component of the reward system within the brain and is implicated in the development of addiction. Indeed, nic...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Criscitelli K,Avena NM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions about the local neighborhood and walking and cycling among children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study examined associations between perceptions of the local neighborhood and walking and cycling among children. METHODS:Children aged 5-6 years (n=291) and 10-12 years (n=919) were recruited from 19 Australian primary schools. Parents reported their child's usual walking or cycling to local destinati...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Timperio A,Crawford D,Telford A,Salmon J

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • An exploratory study of the contextual effect of homeopathic care. A randomised controlled trial of homeopathic care vs. self-prescribed homeopathic medicine in the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections in children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to explore the contextual effect of homeopathic consultation by investigating the effect of homeopathic care compared to self-treatment with self prescribed homeopathic medicine in the prevention of childhood upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). METHODS:Randomised parallel gr...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Steinsbekk A,Lewith G,Fønnebø V,Bentzen N

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Combined impact of five lifestyle factors and subsequent risk of cancer: the Japan Public Health Center Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate whether 5 combined healthy lifestyle factors (not smoking, moderate drinking, eating minimum salt-preserved foods, being physically active, and having appropriate body mass index) are associated with reduced risk of cancer. METHODS:Participants were enrolled in the Japan Public Health Center Stud...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sasazuki S,Inoue M,Iwasaki M,Sawada N,Shimazu T,Yamaji T,Tsugane S,JPHC Study Group.

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of cultural cues on perceptions of HPV vaccination messages among parents and guardians of American Indian youth.

    abstract::The encouragement of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is an important goal for interventions among American Indians (AIs), given the significant disparities AIs face with respect to HPV cancers. Tailoring intervention messages to the culture of message recipients has been proposed as a potentially useful interve...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yzer M,Rhodes K,McCann M,Harjo J,Nagler RH,LoRusso SM,Gollust SE

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • E-cigarette use and asthma in a multiethnic sample of adolescents.

    abstract::There is minimal evidence from epidemiological studies on how e-cigarette use is related to health indices in adolescence. We hypothesized that e-cigarette use would be associated with asthma, controlling for demographics and cigarette smoking. The hypothesis was tested with cross-sectional data from a statewide sampl...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schweitzer RJ,Wills TA,Tam E,Pagano I,Choi K

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Lung cancer risk among Czech women: a case-control study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few data are available to explain the ongoing increase in lung cancer mortality among Czech women. The study is aimed at examining the role of smoking and known or suspected cofactors. METHODS:Data collected by in-person interviews from 269 female lung cancer cases and 1079 controls were analyzed using unco...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kubík AK,Zatloukal P,Tomásek L,Petruzelka L

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking habits and prostate cancer: a case-control study in northern Italy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cigarette smoking has been associated with increased risk for prostate cancer in 2/13 case-control studies and 4/12 cohort studies conducted on this topic. The relationship between tobacco smoking and prostate cancer was further studied in a hospital-based case-control study in northern Italy. METHODS:Two h...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Talamini R,Franceschi S,La Vecchia C,Guarneri S,Negri E

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Using student and school factors to differentiate adolescent current smokers from experimental smokers in Canada: a multilevel analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In order to understand the factors that differentiate adolescents who have tried smoking from those who have become established smokers, this study examined which student- and school-level factors differentiated current smokers from experimental smokers among a nationally representative sample of Canadian sec...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaai SC,Leatherdale ST,Manske SR,Brown KS

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Sociodemographic differences in use of preventive services by women enrolled in Medicare+Choice plans.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We examined the effect of sociodemographic factors on the receipt of mammography, colorectal cancer screening, and influenza vaccinations by women enrolled in two Medicare+Choice health plans. METHODS:Administrative and survey data for 2,698 female health plan members was analyzed using multivariate logisti...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morales LS,Rogowski J,Freedman VA,Wickstrom SL,Adams JL,Escarce JJ

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • The pediatric resident training on tobacco project: baseline findings from the Parent/Guardian Tobacco Survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pediatricians have an important and unique role to play in the anti-tobacco arena. They may prevent relapse to smoking in women who stopped smoking during pregnancy, encourage parents to protect infants and young children from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), prevent the onset of smoking in children and ad...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Hymowitz N,Schwab J,Haddock Ck,Pyle S,Moore G,Meshberg S

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Review of physical activity measurement using accelerometers in older adults: considerations for research design and conduct.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Accelerometers are being increasingly used in studies of physical activity (PA) among older adults, however the use of these monitors requires some specialized knowledge and up-to-date information on technological innovations. The purpose of this review article is to provide researchers with a guide to some c...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Murphy SL

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal study of the effects of tobacco smoking and other modifiable risk factors on ill health in middle-aged and old Americans: results from the Health and Retirement Study and Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old survey.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While the effects of smoking and other modifiable risk factors on mortality and specific diseases are well established, their effects on ill health more generally are less known. Using two national, longitudinal surveys, the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of smoking and other modifiable ri...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Østbye T,Taylor DH,Jung SH

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of physically inactive older adults with arthritis: results of a population-based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Arthritis is the most prevalent chronic condition among persons age 65 and older in North America. Physical inactivity in this population is linked to functional limitations, increased risk for cardiovascular disease, diminished quality of life, and disability. The purpose of this study was to identify risk ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaplan MS,Huguet N,Newsom JT,McFarland BH

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • A review of cervical cancer screening intervention research: implications for public health programs and future research.

    abstract::In this paper we review the published literature with respect to cervical cancer screening intervention research. Mass media campaigns appear to work best in promoting cervical cancer screening when multiple media are used, when they promote specific screening programs that eliminate or reduce access barriers, or when...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Marcus AC,Crane LA

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of physicians regarding predictive genetic tests for breast and colorectal cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Genetic testing for cancer susceptibility is an emerging technology in medicine. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes and professional behavior of Italian physicians regarding the use of predictive genetic tests for breast and colorectal cancer, including the BRCA1/2 and APC tests. METHODS:A cross-s...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marzuillo C,De Vito C,Boccia S,D'Addario M,D'Andrea E,Santini P,Boccia A,Villari P

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Smokers who are hospitalized: a window of opportunity for cessation interventions.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Medical illness has often been thought to provide smokers with motivation to quit smoking. However, the actual impact that illness and hospitalization has on smokers' interest in cessation is not clear. Further, little is known about the role that hospital staff play in encouraging cessation. METHODS:This a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Emmons KM,Goldstein MG

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • SIRT1 as a therapeutic target in inflammaging of the pulmonary disease.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Chronic inflammation and cellular senescence are intertwined in the pathogenesis of premature aging, which is considered as an important contributing factor in driving chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Sirtuin1 (SIRT1), a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein/histone deacety...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rahman I,Kinnula VL,Gorbunova V,Yao H

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived palatability of the prudent diet: results of a dietary demonstration for physicians.

    abstract::"Product sampling" is an effective marketing strategy which lowers consumer buying resistance by providing a free sample of the product for the consumer to test. We used this strategy to demonstrate the palatability of the prudent diet (30-35% of calories from total fats, less than 10% from saturated fats, less than 3...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kottke TE,Foels JK,Hill C,Choi T,Fenderson DA

    更新日期:1983-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Equitable Life Assurance Society program.

    abstract::There is increasing interest in biofeedback and self-regulatory approaches to health enhancement. The movement has not gone unnoticed by business and industry. At this point, there are adequate data to demonstrate the effectiveness of different forms of stress management intervention. Using the experience of the Equit...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manuso JS

    更新日期:1983-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of annual influenza vaccination on mortality and hospitalization in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease: a nationwide population-based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The effects of influenza vaccination on ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients remain controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of influenza vaccination on all-cause mortality and hospitalization for cardiovascular disease in elderly IHD patients. METHODS:Elderly patients (>65 years...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu IF,Huang CC,Chan WL,Huang PH,Chung CM,Lin SJ,Chen JW,Leu HB

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling. Interventions include infrastructure (e.g., bike lanes and parking), integration with public transport, education and marketing programs, bicycle access programs, and legal issues. METHODS:A comprehensive search of p...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pucher J,Dill J,Handy S

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Obesity and influenza associated mortality: evidence from an elderly cohort in Hong Kong.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Obesity was not identified as a risk factor for influenza until the recent 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Based on a cohort of 66,820 subjects aged 65 years and over with the follow-up period from July 1998 to December 2010 in Hong Kong, we assessed the modifying effect of obesity on mortality risks specifically attribu...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang L,Chan KP,Lee RS,Chan WM,Lai HK,Thach TQ,Chan KH,Lam TH,Peiris JS,Wong CM

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Elder abuse and socioeconomic inequalities: a multilevel study in 7 European countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare the prevalence of elder abuse using a multilevel approach that takes into account the characteristics of participants as well as socioeconomic indicators at city and country level. METHODS:In 2009, the project on abuse of elderly in Europe (ABUEL) was conducted in seven cities (Stuttgart, Germany...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Fraga S,Lindert J,Barros H,Torres-González F,Ioannidi-Kapolou E,Melchiorre MG,Stankunas M,Soares JF

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity, walking and leanness: an analysis of the Northern Ireland Sport and Physical Activity Survey (SAPAS).

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To report on the contribution walking makes to total weekly physical activity and the relationship between the volume and intensity of walking and leanness in a representative sample of the Northern Ireland population. METHOD:4563 adults participated in this cross-sectional survey of physical activity behavi...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murphy MH,Donnelly P,Shibli S,Foster C,Nevill AM

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking cessation among coal miners as predicted by baseline respiratory function and symptoms: a 5-year prospective study.

    abstract::A prospective analysis was used to test whether respiratory impairment or the presence of respiratory symptoms predicts 5-year cigarette smoking cessation in a sample of 1,118 U.S. white, male, underground coal miners. Miners were examined in 1977 and re-examined in 1982 by NIOSH, and all miners with test abnormalitie...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ames RG,Hall DS

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • University students' knowledge and awareness of HPV.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of university students regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV). METHODS:A random sample of 500 university students was mailed a self-administered questionnaire that elicited their knowledge and awareness about HPV and compare...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yacobi E,Tennant C,Ferrante J,Pal N,Roetzheim R

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00