The seven health practices, well-being, and performance at work: evidence for the value of reaching small and underserved worksites.


BACKGROUND:Research conducted over several decades demonstrates rather convincingly that seven health practices predict future mortality rates, morbidity, and disability. The current study was designed to determine the extent to which these health practices predict more proximal wellness and illness factors. METHOD:Data were collected from 345 employees working in a variety of organizations in southern California. In addition, supervisors evaluated the attendance record and job performance of the participating employees whom they directly supervised. RESULTS:Analyses revealed that, after adjusting for age, gender, ethnicity, occupational status, and employee social relations, the seven health practices significantly predicted several employee wellness factors (i.e., vitality, positive well-being, and supervisory ratings of attendance) and illness factors (i.e., anxiety, depression, lack of self-control, and physical illness behavior). Employee social relations also predicted unique variance in most of the wellness and illness factors. However, neither employee health practices nor social relations predicted supervisory ratings of job performance. CONCLUSION:The pattern of findings was remarkably similar to previous work demonstrating the more distal impact of the seven health practices and suggests the value of encouraging good employee health practices at small and underserved worksites.


Prev Med


Preventive medicine


Donaldson SI,Blanchard AL




Has Abstract


1995-05-01 00:00:00














  • Relationships of dietary fat consumption to serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in hispanic preschool children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies of the relationship between dietary fat intake and serum lipids in young children have yielded inconclusive results. We studied this relationship in 108 Hispanic children ages 4-5 years. METHODS:Four 24-hr recalls approximately 3 months apart and two Willett semiquantitative food frequency questionn...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shea S,Basch CE,Irigoyen M,Zybert P,Rips JL,Contento I,Gutin B

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of maintenance of a low-fat diet among women in the Women's Health Trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Women's Health Trial (WHT) was a feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial designed to test the hypothesis that a reduction in dietary fat reduces breast cancer incidence among women age 45 to 69. Between 1984 and 1988, 2,064 women participated in its two phases. METHODS:A follow-up study of 5...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Urban N,White E,Anderson GL,Curry S,Kristal AR

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder and new-onset diabetes among adult survivors of the World Trade Center disaster.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the temporal relationship between 9/11-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and new-onset diabetes in World Trade Center (WTC) survivors up to 11 years after the attack in 2001. METHODS:Three waves of surveys (conducted from 2003 to 2012) from the WTC Health Registry cohort collected data ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller-Archie SA,Jordan HT,Ruff RR,Chamany S,Cone JE,Brackbill RM,Kong J,Ortega F,Stellman SD

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Clustering of risk behaviors for chronic noncommunicable diseases: a population-based study in southern Brazil.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and identify factors associated with simultaneous risk behaviors for chronic noncommunicable diseases in adults in a southern capital in Brazil. METHOD:A cross-sectional, population-based study was carried out with 1720 adults in Florianópolis, Braz...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva DA,Peres KG,Boing AF,González-Chica DA,Peres MA

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of use of smoking cessation aids in 27 European countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify determinants of use of smoking cessation aids among current and former smokers in the European Union (EU). METHODS:Data from n=9921 current and ex-smokers from 27 European countries (Eurobarometer 77.1, February-March 2012) were analysed. Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to assess...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Filippidis FT,Gerovasili V,Vardavas CI,Agaku IT,Tountas Y

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • It is possible to help smokers in early motivational stages to quit. The Inter99 study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In a population-based sample of smokers in early motivational stages, we found a high acceptance of smoking cessation groups. METHODS:Inter99 is a randomized population-based intervention study, in Copenhagen, Denmark. Smokers in all motivational stages were included. All participants underwent a lifestyle ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pisinger C,Vestbo J,Borch-Johnsen K,Jørgensen T

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise in middle-aged adults: self-efficacy and self-presentational outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Whereas self-efficacy expectations have been identified as important determinants of exercise participation patterns, little empirical work that examines efficacy expectations as outcomes of exercise participation or their theoretical relationship to other psychological outcomes associated with exercise has ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McAuley E,Bane SM,Mihalko SL

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • The role of self-efficacy, self-esteem and optimism for using routine health check-ups in a population-based sample. A longitudinal perspective.

    abstract::While several cross-sectional studies have shown that self-efficacy, self-esteem and optimism are associated with the use of routine health check-ups, little is known about this relationship based on longitudinal studies. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to examine whether these factors are associated with ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hajek A,Hans-Helmut-König

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • The cancer information service research consortium: an emerging laboratory for cancer control research.

    abstract::The Cancer Information Service (CIS) was established in 1975 by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to provide accurate, up-to-date information about cancer to the nation. Although the CIS has in the past served as a venue for cancer communications research, up until very recently the research capacity of the CIS was ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marcus AC,Morra ME,Bettinghaus E,Crane LA,Cutter G,Davis S,Rimer BK,Thomsen C,Warnecke RB

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Adolescents' physical activity in relation to family income and parents' education.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Regular physical activity provides young people with important physical, mental, and social health benefits. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship of family income and parents' level of education with physical activity in Finnish adolescents. METHOD:The study population consisted of the Northern Finl...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kantomaa MT,Tammelin TH,Näyhä S,Taanila AM

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • United States vs Safehouse: The implications of the Philadelphia supervised consumption facility ruling for law and social stigma.

    abstract::In October 2019, a federal judge ruled that a Philadelphia nonprofit (Safehouse) group's plan to open the first site in the U.S. where people can use illegal opioids under medical supervision does not violate federal Controlled Substances Act, delivering a major setback to Justice Department lawyers who launched a leg...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang YT,Beletsky L

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effects of short-term exposure to air pollution while being physically active, the potential for modification: A review of the literature.

    abstract::The science behind the combined effect of (and possible interaction between) physical activity and air pollution exposure on health endpoints is not well established, despite the fact that independent effects of physical activity and air pollution on health are well known. The objective of this review is to systematic...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: DeFlorio-Barker S,Lobdell DT,Stone SL,Boehmer T,Rappazzo KM

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of a school-based multi-component smoking prevention intervention: the LdP cluster randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We assessed the effectiveness of the Luoghi di Prevenzione-Prevention Grounds school-based smoking prevention programme. METHODS:We undertook a cluster randomized controlled trial of 989 students aged 14-15 years in 13 secondary schools located in Reggio Emilia, Italy. The intervention consisted of the "Smok...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Gorini G,Carreras G,Bosi S,Tamelli M,Monti C,Storani S,Martini A,Allara E,Angelini P,Faggiano F

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • The receipt of prevention services by veterans using VA versus non-VA facilities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper compares the health promotion/disease prevention services received by veterans who reported receiving 90%+ of their care inside Veterans Health Administration (VA) facilities with counterparts who reported receiving 90%+ of their care outside VA facilities. Results are compared with the U.S. Healt...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rabiner DJ,Branch LG,Sullivan RJ

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between hostility and behavioral risk factors for poor health in women veterans.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While previous research has generally supported a relationship between hostility and health risk behaviors, the majority of this research has been conducted in predominately male, highly educated, Caucasian samples. The current study was designed to further examine the relationship between hostility and heal...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Calhoun PS,Bosworth HB,Siegler IC,Bastian LA

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of a computer-tailored nutrition intervention.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Nutrition education tailored to individual characteristics of people might be more effective than general nutrition education. Nowadays, the use of computers makes individualized feedback available for larger groups. METHODS:The impact of tailored nutrition information on changes in fat, vegetable, and frui...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Brug J,Steenhuis I,van Assema P,de Vries H

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of the built environment, social environment and health behaviors on body mass index. results from RESIDE.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the individual, behavioral, social and built environment correlates of body mass index (BMI) in an Australian adult population. METHOD:Using data from 2003 to 2005 on 1151 participants in the RESIDential Environments project (RESIDE), Perth, Western Australia, linear regression was used to constru...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Christian H,Giles-Corti B,Knuiman M,Timperio A,Foster S

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Breast cancer screening behaviors among African American women with a strong family history of breast cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the importance of breast cancer screening to reduce morbidity and mortality, limited information is available on screening practices among African American women with a family history that is suggestive of hereditary breast cancer. OBJECTIVES:To describe adherence to breast cancer screening recommen...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halbert CH,Kessler L,Wileyto EP,Weathers B,Stopfer J,Domchek S,Collier A,Brewster K

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of t-PA and u-PA levels in maximal treadmill and deep-water running.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The differences of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) between maximal treadmill and deep-water running have not been reported. The purpose of this investigation was to compare u-PA and t-PA levels during maximal treadmill and deep-water running. METHODS:...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ohkuwa T,Itoh H,Yamamoto T,Yamazaki Y

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Development and nationwide application of an antibiotic knowledge scale.

    abstract::Misconceptions about antibiotics among the public can potentially lead to their inappropriate use. Currently, there is no antibiotic knowledge assessment tool to address this issue. This study aimed to develop and validate an antibiotic knowledge scale (AKS) and apply this scale to assess public knowledge about antibi...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li D,Yang H,Gong Y,Zhao Y,Qiu L,Sun N,Yin X

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Modeling smoking-attributable mortality among adults with major depression in the United States.

    abstract::Tobacco-related health disparities disproportionately affect smokers with major depression (MD). Although tobacco simulation models have been applied to general populations, to date they have not considered populations with a comorbid mental health condition. We developed and calibrated a simulation model of smoking a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tam J,Taylor GMJ,Zivin K,Warner KE,Meza R

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Workshop on guidelines to the epidemiology of weak associations. Confounding.

    abstract::The magnitude of confounding is examined in nine case studies of two "weak" relationships: between artificial sweeteners and bladder cancer, and between oral contraceptives and cervical dysplasia. Confounding had little or no influence on the results of any published study. The responsible epidemiologist must always c...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stellman SD

    更新日期:1987-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Pediatric Residency Training on Tobacco Project: baseline findings from the resident tobacco survey and observed structured clinical examinations.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Residency training is an ideal time to prepare pediatricians to address tobacco, although few programs provide the necessary training. Barriers to training include competing priorities, lack of resources, and unavailability of expertise. Solutions for Smoking, a hybrid CD-ROM and web site training program fo...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hymowitz N,Schwab J,Haddock CK,Burd KM,Pyle S

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking cessation in patients with COPD in daily general practice (SMOCC): six months' results.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) forms an increasing health problem. Despite smoking cessation improving the prognosis of the disease, many patients persist smoking. The present study presents the results of a smoking cessation counseling protocol in general practice (Smoking Cessation in patient...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hilberink SR,Jacobs JE,Bottema BJ,de Vries H,Grol RP

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of dietary fat and fiber on intestinal carcinogenesis.

    abstract::The effect of dietary fiber on intestinal carcinogenesis in animals is controversial. Some find that the addition of wheat bran or cellulose inhibits intestinal cancer in rats, while others report no effect. Such mixed results often are due to differences in the design of experiments. One important aspect in this rega...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nigro ND,Bull AW

    更新日期:1987-07-01 00:00:00

  • Preliminary evaluation of a multicomponent program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling on Exercise plus nutrition (PACE+) is an intervention based in primary care settings to help patients change physical activity and dietary behaviors. METHODS:One hundred seventy-three adults were assessed before and after a 4-month intervention. All patients comple...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Calfas KJ,Sallis JF,Zabinski MF,Wilfley DE,Rupp J,Prochaska JJ,Thompson S,Pratt M,Patrick K

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence and detection of substance use disorders among inpatients ages 18 to 49: an opportunity for prevention.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous studies have found that substance use disorders are prevalent among inpatients of general medical hospitals. These studies were limited in the validity of their measures, their failure to distinguish between current and lifetime disorders, or their lack of attention to drugs other than alcohol. MET...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown RL,Leonard T,Saunders LA,Papasouliotis O

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Over the counter naloxone needed to save lives in the United States.

    abstract::The United States continues to face a public health emergency of opioid-related harm, the effects of which could be dramatically reduced through increased access to the opioid antagonist naloxone. Unfortunately, naloxone is too often unavailable when and where it is most needed, partly due to its continued status as a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis CS,Carr D

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of fat reduction on micronutrient density of children's diets: the CATCH Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of fat reduction on vitamin and mineral density in the diets of groups of children who participated in the CATCH school-based intervention study for 2 1/2 years. METHODS:Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected on 1,182 children residing in four sta...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Nicklas TA,Dwyer J,Mitchell P,Zive M,Montgomery D,Lytle L,Cutler J,Evans M,Cunningham A,Bachman K,Nichaman M,Snyder P

    更新日期:1996-07-01 00:00:00

  • Home matters: work and household predictors of smoking and cessation among blue-collar workers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the joint influence of work- and household-related variables on smoking behavior among a population representative sample of blue-collar workers with live-in partners. METHODS:The study used data on 1389 blue-collar workers from the Tobacco Use Supplement to the United States Current Popu...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okechukwu CA,Dutra LM,Bacic J,El Ayadi A,Emmons KM

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00