A comparison of methods of recruitment to a health promotion program for university seniors.


BACKGROUND:Participant recruitment is an understudied part of health research. It can be a limiting factor and can affect the external validity of a study. This study compares two recruitment methods, active and passive, used to recruit university seniors into a health promotion study. METHODS:During active recruitment, 3,787 seniors were telephoned and asked to participate. During passive recruitment, 5,644 seniors were mailed literature and asked to respond if interested. RESULTS:During active recruitment, 1,680 h were spent on the phone, 341 participants were measured, and 161 entered the study, at a cost of $79 per participant. During passive recruitment, 970 h were spent on the phone, 238 participants were measured, and 178 entered the study, at a cost of $45 per participant. The active method had a higher recruitment rate (9% vs 4%) and attrition rate (53% vs 25%) than the passive method. CONCLUSIONS:In conclusion, neither recruitment method was ideal. Those recruited with the passive method reported more physical activity and had lower blood pressures, suggesting a self-selection bias. Active recruitment produced a more representative sample and a higher recruitment rate. Passive recruitment was less expensive and led to a lower attrition rate. Conclusions are limited because these are uncontrolled comparisons, not a controlled study.


Prev Med


Preventive medicine


Sarkin JA,Marshall SJ,Larson KA,Calfas KJ,Sallis JF




Has Abstract


1998-07-01 00:00:00














  • Health educational background as a predictor of non-participation in national colorectal cancer screening: A cross-sectional population study among 886,088 invited Danes.

    abstract::Health information knowledge may affect attitude toward colorectal cancer screening, but the participation of health educated citizens are unknown. Therefore, we investigated non-participation in a sample of 886,088 invited participants, based on educational length, type, and level. Logistic regression analyses were c...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deding U,Vardinghus-Nielsen H,Torp-Pedersen C,Bøggild H

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Addressing challenges in adolescent smoking cessation: design and baseline characteristics of the HS Group-Randomized trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Well-documented challenges have hampered both intervention development and research in teen smoking cessation. Addressing these challenges, the Hutchinson Study of High School Smoking (HS Study), the largest group-randomized trial in adolescent smoking cessation to date, incorporates several design innovation...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Liu J,Peterson AV Jr,Kealey KA,Mann SL,Bricker JB,Marek PM

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Improving diet and physical activity to reduce population prevalence of overweight and obesity: an overview of current evidence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study is to provide an overview of interventions to reduce or prevent overweight or obesity and improve diet or physical activity. METHODS:A review of meta-analyses and/or systematic reviews of these interventions in any setting or age group were conducted. Narrative systematic reviews were i...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Stephens SK,Cobiac LJ,Veerman JL

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Tracking and tracing tobacco products in Kenya.

    abstract::This report evaluates the effectiveness of various measures to control the size of illicit cigarette trade in Kenya. It is based on a literature review, a review of conference proceedings/materials, online searches, and analyses of data from the National Statistical Office of Kenya, ERC, and Euromonitor. I used both p...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ross H

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived barriers and benefits to cervical cancer screening in Latin America.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This article describes the results of studies on the barriers and benefits of cervical cancer screening from the perspective of women, men, and health providers in five Latin American countries and compares them to other findings from the literature. METHODS:Five separate qualitative studies (focus groups a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agurto I,Bishop A,Sánchez G,Betancourt Z,Robles S

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Imprisonment, opioids and health care reform: The failure to reach a high-risk population.

    abstract::The 2014 National Research Council report on American incarceration optimistically anticipated the Affordable Care Act (ACA) would be "a turning point in the nation's health care, and … will provide unprecedented access to care for many people being released from correctional facilities." However, the ACA was not desi...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hagan J,Foster H

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Current recommendations on the selection of measures for well-being.

    abstract::Measures of well-being have proliferated over the past decades. Very little guidance has been available as to which measures to use in what contexts. This paper provides a series of recommendations, based on the present state of knowledge and the existing measures available, of what measures might be preferred in whic...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: VanderWeele TJ,Trudel-Fitzgerald C,Allin P,Farrelly C,Fletcher G,Frederick DE,Hall J,Helliwell JF,Kim ES,Lauinger WA,Lee MT,Lyubomirsky S,Margolis S,McNeely E,Messer N,Tay L,Viswanath V,Węziak-Białowolska D,Kubzansky

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Is neighbourhood access to tobacco outlets related to smoking behaviour and tobacco-related health outcomes and hospital admissions?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although the harms of tobacco use are widely accepted, few studies have examined the relationship between access to tobacco outlets and hospital admissions. This study aimed to examine the relationship between neighbourhood access to tobacco outlets, smoking and hospital admissions and self-reported morbidit...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barnes R,Foster SA,Pereira G,Villanueva K,Wood L

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • United States vs Safehouse: The implications of the Philadelphia supervised consumption facility ruling for law and social stigma.

    abstract::In October 2019, a federal judge ruled that a Philadelphia nonprofit (Safehouse) group's plan to open the first site in the U.S. where people can use illegal opioids under medical supervision does not violate federal Controlled Substances Act, delivering a major setback to Justice Department lawyers who launched a leg...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang YT,Beletsky L

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • A discrete time hazards model of smoking initiation among West Coast youth from age 5 to 23.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify factors associated with age of smoking initiation and distinguish vulnerable periods for initiation according to those factors. METHOD:Discrete time hazards analysis was used to model smoking initiation as a function of age (5-23), demographic and familial influence variables (measured at age 13)...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edelen MO,Tucker JS,Ellickson PL

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiovascular disease prevention for women attending breast and cervical cancer screening programs: the WISEWOMAN projects. The WISEWOMAN Workgroup.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The WISEWOMAN projects are examining the feasibility and effectiveness of adding a cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention component to a nationwide program of early detection for breast and cervical cancer aimed at financially disadvantaged women. This paper describes the rationale and design of the WISEWOM...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验



    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived palatability of the prudent diet: results of a dietary demonstration for physicians.

    abstract::"Product sampling" is an effective marketing strategy which lowers consumer buying resistance by providing a free sample of the product for the consumer to test. We used this strategy to demonstrate the palatability of the prudent diet (30-35% of calories from total fats, less than 10% from saturated fats, less than 3...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kottke TE,Foels JK,Hill C,Choi T,Fenderson DA

    更新日期:1983-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of annual influenza vaccination on mortality and hospitalization in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease: a nationwide population-based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The effects of influenza vaccination on ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients remain controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of influenza vaccination on all-cause mortality and hospitalization for cardiovascular disease in elderly IHD patients. METHODS:Elderly patients (>65 years...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu IF,Huang CC,Chan WL,Huang PH,Chung CM,Lin SJ,Chen JW,Leu HB

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ascertaining variation in hospitalization risk among immigrants using small area analysis.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Data on hospitalization of immigrants to the United States are sparse, but small area analysis may improve the utility of existing data. METHODS:Applying logistic regression analysis to 2000 census and hospitalization data for New York City, we examined the odds of hospital admission by major diagnostic c...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muennig P,Jia H,Khan K,Pallin DJ

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Preliminary evaluation of a multicomponent program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling on Exercise plus nutrition (PACE+) is an intervention based in primary care settings to help patients change physical activity and dietary behaviors. METHODS:One hundred seventy-three adults were assessed before and after a 4-month intervention. All patients comple...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Calfas KJ,Sallis JF,Zabinski MF,Wilfley DE,Rupp J,Prochaska JJ,Thompson S,Pratt M,Patrick K

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of cost on the self-administration and efficacy of nicotine gum: a preliminary study.

    abstract::METHODS. One hundred six smokers seen in a family practice received brief physician advice and a prescription for nicotine gum. Smokers were randomly assigned to pay $20, $6, or $0/box of nicotine gum and followed for 6 months. RESULTS. Decreased cost increased the incidence of obtaining gum, the amount of gum used, a...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hughes JR,Wadland WC,Fenwick JW,Lewis J,Bickel WK

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Reduction of ischemic heart disease risk markers in the teenage children of heart attack patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Families of people with ischemic heart disease (IHD) are likely to share high levels of risk markers and to have similar lifestyle patterns. Teenage children in such families were the focus of a behavioral intervention program. METHODS:Families were randomly allocated to either an "early" or a "late" advice...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Walker R,Heller R,Redman S,O'Connell D,Boulton J

    更新日期:1992-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of t-PA and u-PA levels in maximal treadmill and deep-water running.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The differences of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) between maximal treadmill and deep-water running have not been reported. The purpose of this investigation was to compare u-PA and t-PA levels during maximal treadmill and deep-water running. METHODS:...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ohkuwa T,Itoh H,Yamamoto T,Yamazaki Y

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Until the lab takes it away from epidemiology.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is proposed that, historically, when the conditions are right for laboratory sciences to contribute to causal knowledge, they take the place of epidemiology as leaders in a given field. METHODS:Review examples of cholera, pellagra, and Kaposi's sarcoma. RESULTS:In the cases of cholera, pellagra, and Kap...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Morabia A

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in anthropometric measures in immigrants and Swedish-born individuals: results from two community-based cohort studies.

    abstract:AIM:To study differences in body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD), waist-hip-height ratio (WHHR) and percent body fat in immigrants and Swedish-born men and women in two large population-based samples. METHODS:A cross-sectional analysis of 60-year-old...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carlsson AC,Wändell P,Riserus U,Ärnlöv J,Borné Y,Engström G,Leander K,Gigante B,Hellénius ML,de Faire U

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhood, family and individual characteristics related to adolescent park-based physical activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Local parks are an important community resource that may influence levels of physical activity among youth. However, few population-based studies have investigated park-based physical activity among youth. PURPOSE:This study examines sociodemographic, family, and neighborhood characteristics associated with...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Babey SH,Tan D,Wolstein J,Diamant AL

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships of dietary fat consumption to serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in hispanic preschool children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies of the relationship between dietary fat intake and serum lipids in young children have yielded inconclusive results. We studied this relationship in 108 Hispanic children ages 4-5 years. METHODS:Four 24-hr recalls approximately 3 months apart and two Willett semiquantitative food frequency questionn...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shea S,Basch CE,Irigoyen M,Zybert P,Rips JL,Contento I,Gutin B

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pedometer-assessed physical activity of Singaporean youths.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to investigate the pedometer-assessed physical activity of Singaporean youths using an objective measurement of physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS:Pedometer step count was monitored over the entire week in 877 participants aged 9-18 years in three schooling cohorts [primary (age,...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chia M

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • HIV-related stigma, racial discrimination, and gender discrimination: Pathways to physical and mental health-related quality of life among a national cohort of women living with HIV.

    abstract::Social inequities compromise health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) among women living with HIV (WLWH). Little is known about health impacts of intersecting stigma based on HIV status, race and gender among WLWH or potential mechanisms to promote HR-QoL. We tested pathways from multiple types of stigma (HIV-related, ...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Logie CH,Wang Y,Lacombe-Duncan A,Wagner AC,Kaida A,Conway T,Webster K,de Pokomandy A,Loutfy MR

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between regional socioeconomic deprivation and cancer risk: Analysis of population-based Cancer Registry data from Bavaria, Germany.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Previous research from other countries shows a positive association between cancer risk and regional deprivation. This study explores this association for lung and colorectal cancers in Germany. METHOD:Regional deprivation was assessed by the 'Bavarian Index of Multiple Deprivation'. Cancer data were provide...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuznetsov L,Maier W,Hunger M,Meyer M,Mielck A

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Analyzing the impact of public transit usage on obesity.

    abstract::The objective of this paper is to estimate the impact of county-level public transit usage on obesity prevalence in the United States and assess the potential for public transit usage as an intervention for obesity. This study adopts an instrumental regression approach to implicitly control for potential selection bia...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: She Z,King DM,Jacobson SH

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Coffee, tea, and lifestyle.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous reports have indicated that coffee drinking is associated with an unhealthy lifestyle, compared with tea drinking, which may confound the effect in relation to coronary risk factors. METHODS:In a population sample of 2,400 25- to 64-year-old men and women, associations of lifestyle factors with cof...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwarz B,Bischof HP,Kunze M

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Recognition and liking of tobacco and alcohol advertisements among adolescents: relationships with susceptibility to substance use.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Exposure to tobacco and alcohol advertising has been associated with adolescent substance use. However, it is not clear whether favorable reactions to advertising are an antecedent to or a consequence of substance use. This study investigated relationships between adolescents' levels of susceptibility to sub...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unger JB,Johnson CA,Rohrbach LA

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition, antioxidants, and risk factor profile of nonsmokers, passive smokers and smokers of the Prevention Education Program (PEP) in Nuremberg, Germany.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:An elevated risk for coronary artery disease and lung cancer was reported for smokers and nonsmokers exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Particularly in nonsmokers, in addition to the adverse effects of tobacco smoke, other factors which are associated with the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke may...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tröbs M,Renner T,Scherer G,Heller WD,Geiss HC,Wolfram G,Haas GM,Schwandt P

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with repeat adherence to breast cancer screening.

    abstract::This study identified barriers and facilitators of repeat participation in mammography and breast physical examination among women ages 50 years and over. Telephone interviews were conducted with 910 women in this age group. Forty percent of respondents had never had a mammogram. Only 38% had had one in the past 12 mo...

    journal_title:Preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lerman C,Rimer B,Trock B,Balshem A,Engstrom PF

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00