Chirality as an inherent general property of matter.

Abstract:

:A statement has been formulated that chirality is an indispensable inherent property of all material objects, at one level of organization of matter or another. The translation of chirality from one level of material objects to another deserves our attention. The parity violation of weak interactions can be discussed in terms of the homochirality of the pool of fundamental particles, as it translates into optical activity of metal vapors. Individual photons and energy quanta are considered to be chiral entities, too, since they can be separated into beams of circularly polarized radiation. The chiral structure of the universe has been proposed and a method of determining the orientation of the axis of rotation of the universe suggested.

journal_name

Chirality

journal_title

Chirality

authors

Davankov V

doi

10.1002/chir.20271

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-08-01 00:00:00

pages

459-61

issue

7

eissn

0899-0042

issn

1520-636X

journal_volume

18

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Conformation change of hornet silk proteins in the solid phase in response to external stimulation.

    abstract::Hornet silks adopt a variety of morphology such as fibers, sponge, films, and gels depending on the preparation methods. We have studied the conformation change of hornet silk proteins (Vespa mandarina) as regenerated films, using chiroptical spectrophotometer universal chiroptical spectrophotometer 1, which can measu...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.22824

    authors: Kuroda R,Kameda T

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Substituent effects in the selective reductive opening of epoxides with borohydrides in the presence of beta-cyclodextrin

    abstract::The opening of ortho-substituted phenyl oxiranes by borohydrides is described both in aqueous and solid phases. Some remarkable differences in the regioselectivity and inversion of enantioselectivity of oxirane ring-opening are reported. The results obtained are compared with previous studies and have allowed some fac...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-636X(1999)11:7<541::AID-CHIR5>3

    authors: Doussot J,Guy A,Siaugue JM,Ferroud C,Guieres AF

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Circular dichroism of tocopherols versus tocotrienols.

    abstract::Vitamin E is an essential nutrient of still increasing economic importance. Vitamin E derivatives include many nonracemic chiral compounds whose chirooptical characterization is scarcely described in the literature. We report the CD spectra of delta-tocopherol and its unsaturated analog delta-tocotrienol. TDDFT calcul...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20591

    authors: Mazzini F,Pescitelli G,Di Bari L,Netscher T,Salvadori P

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Channel-like crystal structure of cinchoninium L-O-phosphoserine salt dihydrate.

    abstract::Studies on the interactions between L-O- phosphoserine, as one of the simplest fragments of membrane components, and the Cinchona alkaloid cinchonine, in the crystalline state were performed. Cinchoninium L-O-phosposerine salt dihydrate (PhSerCin) crystallizes in a monoclinic crystal system, space group P2(1), with un...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20784

    authors: Wesełucha-Birczyńska A,Oleksyn BJ,Watroba J

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Stereochemical study of tolperisone, a muscle relaxant agent, by circular dichroism and ultraviolet spectroscopy.

    abstract::The stereochemistry of tolperisone, a chiral aryl-alkyl basic ketone was investigated by means of circular dichroism (CD) and ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy. The unusually high optical activity of tolperisone hydrochloride in the n-->pi* region is interpreted by the presence of a chiral conformer in solution. For stere...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/1520-636X(2000)12:10<720::AID-CHIR4>3.0.CO

    authors: Zsila F,Hollósi M,Gergely A

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Chiral doping of nematic phases and its application to the determination of absolute configuration.

    abstract::Doping nematic liquid crystals with nonracemic chiral compounds induces a twisted nematic (cholesteric) phase. The ability of solutes to twist the nematic phase may be related to the overall shape of the chiral dopant and consequently to its absolute configuration. The cholesteric induction is therefore a powerful too...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20482

    authors: Pieraccini S,Ferrarini A,Spada GP

    更新日期:2008-05-15 00:00:00

  • Secondary phosphine oxides: tautomerism and chiral recognition monitored by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy of their Rh2[(R)-MTPA]4 adducts.

    abstract::Six secondary phosphine oxides and their tautomeric equilibria as free ligands and in the presence of an equimolar amount of the chiral dirhodium complex Rh* are described and discussed. Discrimination of enantiomers is easily possible by inspecting the (31)P NMR resonances; some (1)H and (13)C NMR resonances are usef...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.10306

    authors: Magiera D,Szmigielska A,Pietrusiewicz KM,Duddeck H

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Natural alkaloids and synthetic relatives as chiral templates of the Orito's reaction.

    abstract::The enantioselective hydrogenation of methyl or ethyl pyruvate over cinchona-platinum catalyst system (Orito's reaction) is one of the most intensively studied heterogeneous catalytic asymmetric hydrogenation reactions. Studies aiming at systematic changes of the chiral template have played a crucial role in creating ...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/chir.20694

    authors: Tálas E,Margitfalvi JL

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Structure-retention relationship for enantioseparation of selected fluoroquinolones.

    abstract::Fluoroquinolones are popular class of antibiotics with distinct chemical functionality. Most of them are ampholytes with one chiral center. Stereogeneic center is located either in the side ring of Gatifloxacin (GFLX) or in the quinolone core of Ofloxacin (OFLX). These two amphoteric fluoroquinolones have terminal ami...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.22861

    authors: Hassan RM,Yehia AM,Saleh OA,El-Azzouny AA,Aboul-Enein HY

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Supramolecular photochirogenesis with novel cyclic tetrasaccharide: enantiodifferentiating photoisomerization of (Z)-cyclooctene with cyclic nigerosylnigerose-based sensitizers.

    abstract::Isophthalic and terephthalic acid monoesters of cyclic nigerosyl-(1→6)-nigerose (CNN), a cyclic tetrasaccharide composed of four d-glucopyranosyl residues connected by alternating α-1,3- and α-1,6-linkages, were synthesized as novel chiral supramolecular sensitizers for enantiodifferentiating photoisomerization of (Z)...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.22014

    authors: Yang C,Liang W,Nishijima M,Fukuhara G,Mori T,Hiramatsu H,Dan-oh Y,Tsujimoto K,Inoue Y

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Conformational equilibria of TADDOL-s in solution investigated by vibrational circular dichroism.

    abstract::Six enantiomeric pairs of TADDOL-s gathered in two series with either methyl (series A) or phenyl (series B) substituent in 2-position of the dioxolane ring were studied by vibrational circular dichroism (VCD). Experimental IR and VCD spectra associated with density functional theory (DFT) calculations showed that the...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20829

    authors: Uncuta C,Bartha E,Gherase D,Teodorescu F,Draghici C,Cavagnat D,Daugey N,Liotard D,Buffeteau T

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • The possible role of enantiodiscrimination in bilirubin toxicity.

    abstract::The possibility that enantiodiscrimination of bilirubin might be involved in neuronal membrane destabilization, and therefore in bilirubin toxicity, was investigated, by circular dichroism, on model membranes composed of phospholipids. The equilibrium between bilirubin enantiomers is displaced at some extent by the in...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20610

    authors: Bernardini C,D'Arrigo P,Elemento G,Mancini G,Servi S,Sorrenti A

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Spirobipyridopyrans and indolinospiropyridopyrans: Synthesis, X-ray crystal structure, separation of enantiomers, and barriers to thermal cleavage of the C(sp(3))-O bond.

    abstract::The novel chiral spirobipyridopyrans 1 and 2 were synthesized by the acid catalyzed aldol type condensation of 5-deoxypyridoxal with the appropriate ketone and subsequent reaction of the resulting pyrylium salt with base. The indolinospiropyridopyrans 3-5, which contain the modified B(6) unit, were prepared by aldol r...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/1520-636X(2001)13:2<81::AID-CHIR1002>3.0.C

    authors: Loncar-Tomaskovic L,Pustet N,Mrvos-Sermek D,Nagl A,Mintas M,Mannschreck A

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • The enantioselective enrichment, metabolism, and toxicity of fenoxaprop-ethyl and its metabolites in zebrafish.

    abstract::To investigate the impacts of the widely used chiral herbicide fenoxaprop-ethyl (FE) on aquatic organisms, the enrichment, metabolism, acute toxicity, and oxidative stress of fenoxaprop-ethyl and its main metabolites fenoxaprop (FA), ethyl-2-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)propanoate (EHPP), 2-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)propanoic acid (HPPA...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.23222

    authors: Xu Y,Jing X,Zhai W,Li X

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Enantioselective synthesis of 2- and 3-substituted 2,3-dihydro[1,4]dioxino[2,3-b]pyridine derivatives and enantiomeric purity control by capillary electrophoresis.

    abstract::A rapid and simple procedure for enantioselective preparation of 2- and 3-substituted 2,3-dihydro[1,4]dioxino[2,3-b]pyridine derivatives (A and B, respectively) is described. The enantiomeric purity of each isomer was determined by capillary electrophoresis using a dual-cyclodextrin system (S-beta-CD/beta-CD) dissolve...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20090

    authors: Lazar S,Soukri M,El Haddad M,Akssira M,Leger JM,Jarry C,Morin P,Guillaumet G

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Enantioselectivity in the steady-state pharmacokinetics and transplacental distribution of pindolol at delivery in pregnancy-induced hypertension.

    abstract::Nine patients taking oral doses of 10 mg/12 h rac-pindolol as part of their treatment for hypertension in pregnancy were recruited for the study. Maternal and fetal gestational age ranged from 20-38 years and 28-41 weeks, respectively. Blood was collected from the umbilical cord vein and from the mother from zero to 1...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.10124

    authors: Gonçalves PV,Matthes Ado C,Da Cunha SP,Lanchote VL

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Liquid chromatographic resolution of 3-amino-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one derivatives on various Pirkle-type chiral stationary phases.

    abstract::The two enantiomers of N-acyl amide and N-ureide derivatives of 3-amino-5-phenyl-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-ones, which have been known to show anti-respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) activity, were resolved on seven different Pirkle-type chiral stationary phases (CSPs) with the use of 10% isopropyl alcohol in hexane as a mob...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20944

    authors: Park JY,Cho HS,Hyun MH

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Stereoselective chiral inversion of pantoprazole enantiomers after separate doses to rats.

    abstract::(+/-)-Pantoprazole ((+/-)-PAN), (+/-)-5-(difluoromethoxy)-2-[[3.4-dimethoxy-2-pyridinyl)methyl]sul finyl]- 1H-benzimidazole) is a chiral sulfoxide that is used clinically as a racemic mixture. The disposition kinetics of (+)-PAN and (-)-PAN given separately has been studied in rats. Serum levels of (+)- and (-)-PAN an...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-636X(1998)10:8<747::AID-CHIR5>3

    authors: Masubuchi N,Yamazaki H,Tanaka M

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Chiral high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of antifungal SCH 56592 and evaluation of its chiral inversion in animals and humans.

    abstract::SCH 56592 is a novel triazole antifungal agent that is active both orally and intravenously in animal models of infection. This compound is in Phase II-III clinical trials for the treatment of systemic fungal infections. SCH 56592 is a single enantiomer with four stereogenic centers; therefore, it was necessary to eva...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/1520-636X(2000)12:7<590::AID-CHIR7>3.0.CO;

    authors: Kim H,Lin CC,Laughlin M,Lovey R,Saksena A,Heimark L,Nomeir AA

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Simultaneous Enantioseparation of Aldohexoses and Aldopentoses Derivatized With L-Tryptophanamide by Reversed Phase HPLC Using Butylboronic Acid as a Complexation Reagent of Monosaccharides.

    abstract::Three aldohexoses, glucose, galactose, and mannose, and three aldopentoses, arabinose, xylose, and ribose, were derivatized with L-tryptophanamide (L-TrpNH2 ) under alkaline conditions. Using a basic mobile phase (pH 9.2), the three aldohexoses or the three aldopentoses were simultaneously enantioseparated, respective...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.22456

    authors: Shou M,Terashima H,Aizawa S,Taga A,Yamamoto A,Kodama S

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Highly enantiomeric reduction of acetophenone and its derivatives by locally isolated Rhodotorula glutinis.

    abstract::Ninety isolates of microorganisms belonging to different taxonomical groups (30 bacteria, 20 yeast, and 40 fungi) were previously isolated from various samples. These isolates were screened as reducing agents for acetophenone 1a to phenylethanol 2a. It was found that the isolate EBK-10 was the most effective biocataly...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20846

    authors: Zilbeyaz K,Kurbanoglu EB

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Chirality and chiroptical properties of amyloid fibrils.

    abstract::Chirality of amyloid fibrils-linear beta-sheet-rich aggregates of misfolded protein chains-often manifests in morphological traits such as helical twist visible in atomic force microscopy and in chiroptical properties accessible to vibrational circular dichroism (VCD). According to recent studies the relationship betw...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/chir.22335

    authors: Dzwolak W

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Trigonostemons G and H, dinorditerpenoid dimers with axially chiral biaryl linkage from Trigonostemon chinensis.

    abstract::Trigonostemons G and H, two novel dimeric dinorditerpenoids, were isolated from the stem barks of Trigonostemon chinensis. Their planar structures and relative configurations were established by extensive analysis of spectroscopic data. Trigonostemons G and H possess a homodimeric biaryl skeleton obtained from two rea...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.23170

    authors: Zhu Q,Tang C,Mándi A,Kurtán T,Ye Y

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • GABAA agonists: resolution and pharmacology of (+)- and (-)-isoguvacine oxide.

    abstract::(3SR,4RS)-3,4-Epoxypiperidine-4-carboxylic acid (isoguvacine oxide) is a potent and specific GABAA receptor agonist. Isoguvacine oxide, originally designed as a potentially alkylating agonist, turned out to interact with the GABAA receptor in a fully reversible manner. The protected form of isoguvacine oxide, benzyl (...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.530070608

    authors: Frølund B,Jeppesen L,Krogsgaard-Larsen P,Hansen JJ

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Chiral 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-dithiol-stabilized gold clusters: size separation and optical activity in the UV-vis.

    abstract::Gold particles covered with 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-dithiol (BINAS) were prepared. Using size exclusion chromatography, it was possible for the first time to separate the sample into fractions with different sizes and colors. Transmission electron microscopy shows that the particles are very small, in the order of 1 nm o...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20488

    authors: Gautier C,Taras R,Gladiali S,Bürgi T

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Deracemization of an axially chiral biphenylic derivative as a tool for investigating chiral recognition in self-assemblies.

    abstract::Two diastereomeric cationic surfactants derived from L-proline, in which the second chiral center is a quaternary nitrogen, have been separated and fully characterized. The recognition properties of the aggregates formed by the two diastereomeric surfactants have been investigated by circular dichroism and (1)H NMR th...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.10230

    authors: Borocci S,Ceccacci F,Galantini L,Mancini G,Monti D,Scipioni A,Venanzi M

    更新日期:2003-05-15 00:00:00

  • Stereolability of chiral ruthenium catalysts with frozen NHC ligand conformations investigated by dynamic-HPLC.

    abstract::The stereolability of chiral Hoveyda-Grubbs II type ruthenium complexes bearing N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands with Syn-phenyl groups on the backbone and Syn- or Anti-oriented o-tolyl N-substituents was studied by resorting to dynamic high-performance liquid chromatography (D-HPLC). A complete chromatographic pi...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.22487

    authors: Menta S,Pierini M,Cirilli R,Grisi F,Perfetto A,Ciogli A

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Synthesis and pharmacological investigation of stereoisomeric muscarines.

    abstract::The synthesis of the eight stereoisomers of muscarine has been efficiently accomplished by utilizing the two enantiomers of lactic esters as starting material. The synthetic strategy is based on a SnCl4-catalyzed addition of allyltrimethylsilane to O-protected lactic aldehydes followed by an iodocyclization process. A...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.530040406

    authors: De Amici M,Dallanoce C,De Micheli C,Grana E,Dondi G,Ladinsky H,Schiavi G,Zonta F

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rationalization of the multireceptorial character of chiral solvating agents based on quinine and its derivatives: overview of selected NMR investigations.

    abstract::A summary of selected NMR studies of enantiodiscrimination phenomena regarding the use of quinine-based chiral solvating agents (CSAs) for the determination of the enantiomeric compositions in solution is reported, with explanations of their multireceptorial character offered. ...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20134

    authors: Uccello-Barretta G,Balzano F,Salvadori P

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Structure and unexpected chiroptical properties of chiral 4-pyrrolidinyl substituted 2(5H)-furanones.

    abstract::Planar 2(5H)-furanones substituted at C4 with a chiral pyrrolidinyl group show CD spectra which are apparently due to the distortion of the C4-N1 bond of sp2 character from the plane defined by the 2(5H)-furanone ring atoms and/or due to the presence of substituents in the pyrrolidine ring. This is a new, previously n...

    journal_title:Chirality

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/chir.20059

    authors: Gawroński J,Gawrońska K,Kwit M,Kacprzak K,Rychlewska U

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00