Prostaglandins and diabetic nephropathy.

Abstract:

:Abnormalities of renal prostaglandins (PGs) contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy through changes in renal hemodynamics. Our recent studies have demonstrated that urinary excretion ratio of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha (6KF) to TXB2 is decreased in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In the present study, we evaluated the clinical effects of some drugs on renal PG metabolism and diabetic nephropathy. Ozagrel, a specific thromboxane synthetase inhibitor, reduced urinary TXB2 excretion, resulting in the improvement of the decreased urinary 6KF/TXB2 ratio in NIDDM patients. Urinary albumin excretion was decreased and creatinine clearance (Ccr) was increased during ozagrel administration. The similar beneficial effect was also found in the administration of cilostazol, a phosphodiesteraase inhibitor, whereas a stable analogue of PGI2, berprost sodium, reduced urinary albumin excretion in relation to the reduction of platelet aggregation rate. In conclusion, the drugs modulating renal and platelet PGs metabolism with direction to an increase in 6KF/TXB2 ratio and an inhibition against platelet function might be beneficial for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy.

authors

Umeda F,Kuroki T,Nawata H

doi

10.1016/1056-8727(95)80035-d

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-10-01 00:00:00

pages

334-6

issue

4

eissn

1056-8727

issn

1873-460X

pii

105687279580035D

journal_volume

9

pub_type

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