An African loss-of-function CACNA1C variant p.T1787M associated with a risk of ventricular fibrillation.

Abstract:

:Calcium regulation plays a central role in cardiac function. Several variants in the calcium channel Cav1.2 have been implicated in arrhythmic syndromes. We screened patients with Brugada syndrome, short QT syndrome, early repolarisation syndrome, and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation to determine the frequency and pathogenicity of Cav1.2 variants. Cav1.2 related genes, CACNA1C, CACNB2 and CACNA2D1, were screened in 65 probands. Missense variants were introduced in the Cav1.2 alpha subunit plasmid by mutagenesis to assess their pathogenicity using patch clamp approaches. Six missense variants were identified in CACNA1C in five individuals. Five of them, A1648T, A1689T, G1795R, R1973Q, C1992F, showed no major alterations of the channel function. The sixth C-terminal variant, Cavα1c-T1787M, present mostly in the African population, was identified in two patients with resuscitated cardiac arrest. The first patient originated from Cameroon and the second was an inhabitant of La Reunion Island with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation originating from Purkinje tissues. Patch-clamp analysis revealed that Cavα1c-T1787M reduces the calcium and barium currents by increasing the auto-inhibition mediated by the C-terminal part and increases the voltage-dependent inhibition. We identified a loss-of-function variant, Cavα1c-T1787M, present in 0.8% of the African population, as a new risk factor for ventricular arrhythmia.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Blancard M,Debbiche A,Kato K,Cardin C,Sabrina G,Gandjbakhch E,Probst V,Haissaguerre M,Extramiana F,Hocini M,Olivier G,Leenhardt A,Guicheney P,Rougier JS

doi

10.1038/s41598-018-32867-4

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-10-02 00:00:00

pages

14619

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-018-32867-4

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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