Ecological Interface Design for Computer Network Defense.


OBJECTIVE:A prototype ecological interface for computer network defense (CND) was developed. BACKGROUND:Concerns about CND run high. Although there is a vast literature on CND, there is some indication that this research is not being translated into operational contexts. Part of the reason may be that CND has historically been treated as a strictly technical problem, rather than as a socio-technical problem. METHODS:The cognitive systems engineering (CSE)/ecological interface design (EID) framework was used in the analysis and design of the prototype interface. A brief overview of CSE/EID is provided. EID principles of design (i.e., direct perception, direct manipulation and visual momentum) are described and illustrated through concrete examples from the ecological interface. RESULTS:Key features of the ecological interface include (a) a wide variety of alternative visual displays, (b) controls that allow easy, dynamic reconfiguration of these displays, (c) visual highlighting of functionally related information across displays, (d) control mechanisms to selectively filter massive data sets, and (e) the capability for easy expansion. Cyber attacks from a well-known data set are illustrated through screen shots. CONCLUSION:CND support needs to be developed with a triadic focus (i.e., humans interacting with technology to accomplish work) if it is to be effective. Iterative design and formal evaluation is also required. The discipline of human factors has a long tradition of success on both counts; it is time that HF became fully involved in CND. APPLICATION:Direct application in supporting cyber analysts.


Hum Factors


Human factors


Bennett KB,Bryant A,Sushereba C




Has Abstract


2018-08-01 00:00:00












  • Ecological interface design for Pasteurizer II: a process description of semantic mapping.

    abstract::Ecological interface design (EID) is proving to be a promising approach to the design of interfaces for complex dynamic systems. Although the principles of EID and examples of its effective use are widely available, few readily available examples exist of how the individual displays that constitute an ecological inter...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reising DV,Sanderson PM

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Inward torque and high-friction handles can reduce required muscle efforts for torque generation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The effects of handle friction and torque direction on muscle activity and torque are empirically investigated using cylindrical handles. BACKGROUND:A torque biomechanical model that considers contact force, friction, and torque direction was evaluated using different friction handles. METHODS:Twelve adults...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seo NJ,Armstrong TJ,Chaffin DB,Ashton-Miller JA

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Warrants for prescription: analytically and empirically based approaches to improving decision making.

    abstract::Efforts to improve decision making must appeal to some source of warrant - that is, specific criteria or models for guiding and evaluating decision-making performance. We examine and compare the warrants for two approaches to decision aids, decision training, and consulting: analytically based prescription, which obta...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lipshitz R,Cohen MS

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • What you don't know can hurt you: factors impacting diagnosis in the automated cockpit.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We examined the impact of operational variables on diagnosis and decision-making processes, focusing on information search. BACKGROUND:Arguably, the "best" decision-making processes in high-technology cockpits would be those that are both correspondent (objectively accurate) and coherent (rationally sound). ...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mosier KL,Sethi N,McCauley S,Khoo L,Orasanu JM

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Auditory Attention and Comprehension During a Simulated Night Shift: Effects of Task Characteristics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The current study investigated performance on a dual auditory task during a simulated night shift. BACKGROUND:Night shifts and sleep deprivation negatively affect performance on vigilance-based tasks, but less is known about the effects on complex tasks. Because language processing is necessary for successfu...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pilcher JJ,Jennings KS,Phillips GE,McCubbin JA

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Sensory alternation and vigilance performance: the role of pathway inhibition.

    abstract::Posner's theory of pathway inhibition leads to the expectation that stimulus heterogeneity should attenuate the event rate effect and the decrement function in sustained attention. These predictions were tested through a sensory alternation procedure in which stimulation was shuttled between the auditory and visual mo...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Galinsky TL,Warm JS,Dember WN,Weiler EM,Scerbo MW

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Failure to detect critical auditory alerts in the cockpit: evidence for inattentional deafness.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to test whether inattentional deafness to critical alarms would be observed in a simulated cockpit. BACKGROUND:The inability of pilots to detect unexpected changes in their auditory environment (e.g., alarms) is a major safety problem in aeronautics. In aviation, the lack of respons...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dehais F,Causse M,Vachon F,Régis N,Menant E,Tremblay S

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of descriptive information and experience on automation reliance.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The present research addresses the issue of reliance on decision support systems for the long-term (DSSLT), which help users develop decision-making strategies and long-term planning. It is argued that providing information about a system's future performance in an experiential manner, as compared with a desc...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuviler-Gavish N,Gopher D

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of Dynamic Changes in Cognitive Workload During Cardiac Surgery Perfusionists' Interactions With the Cardiopulmonary Bypass Pump.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This novel preliminary study sought to capture dynamic changes in heart rate variability (HRV) as a proxy for cognitive workload among perfusionists while operating the cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) pump during real-life cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND:Estimations of operators' cognitive workload states in natura...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kennedy-Metz LR,Dias RD,Srey R,Rance GC,Conboy HM,Haime ME,Quin JA,Yule SJ,Zenati MA

    更新日期:2020-12-16 00:00:00

  • Development of a Seating Comfort Questionnaire for Motorcycles.

    abstract::Objective The aim of this study is to develop a reliable and valid Motorcycle Seating Comfort Questionnaire (MSCQ). Background Motorcycle seat development is an iterative process based on subjective evaluations; however, there are no established subjective tools for evaluation of seating comfort. Research also suggest...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Velagapudi SP,Ray GG

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions of driver distraction by cellular phone users and nonusers.

    abstract::The present study examined the perceptions of cellular phone users and nonusers on issues relating to vehicle control and driver distraction. Participants were asked if they own a cellular phone; if so, how much they use it; and their beliefs regarding cellular phone use while driving, including actions involving the ...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wogalter MS,Mayhorn CB

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of seven visual fatigue assessment techniques in three data-acquisition VDT tasks.

    abstract::We compared 7 methods of measuring visual fatigue--accommodation power, visual acuity, pupil diameter, critical fusion frequency (CFF), eye movement velocity, subjective rating of visual fatigue, and task performance--for their sensitivity to visual load. In the experiment, 10 participants performed a monitoring task ...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Chi CF,Lin FT

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of insertion method and force on hand clearance envelopes for rubber hose insertion tasks.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to determine how hand space for manual insertion of flexible hoses is affected by insertion method and force. BACKGROUND:Adequate space is needed during assembly tasks in which workers join parts together with their hands. Hose installations are an example of such a task. Hand clear...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Grieshaber DC,Armstrong TJ,Chaffin DB,Keyserling WM,Ashton-Miller J

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Validity of Three New Driving Simulator Scenarios: Detecting Differences in Driving Performance by Difficulty and Driver Gender and Age.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We explored the convergent and discriminant validity of three driving simulation scenarios by comparing behaviors across gender and age groups, considering what we know about on-road driving. BACKGROUND:Driving simulators offer a number of benefits, yet their use in real-world driver assessment is rare. More...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maxwell H,Weaver B,Gagnon S,Marshall S,Bédard M

    更新日期:2020-07-09 00:00:00

  • Proning Patients With COVID-19: A Review of Equipment and Methods.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify and critically evaluate methods for proning patients with COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU). BACKGROUND:Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is common in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Proning improves blood oxygenation and survival rates in these patients but is not commonly ...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wiggermann N,Zhou J,Kumpar D

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Impact of Head-Worn Displays on Strategic Alarm Management and Situation Awareness.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether head-worn displays (HWDs) help mobile participants make better alarm management decisions and achieve better situation awareness than alarms alone. BACKGROUND:Patient alarms occur frequently in hospitals but often do not require clinical intervention. Clinicians may become desensitized...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pascale MT,Sanderson P,Liu D,Mohamed I,Brecknell B,Loeb RG

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Narcosis has additive rather than interactive effects on discrimination reaction time.

    abstract::A central feature of the impairment in performance produced by inert gas narcosis, which poses a threat to divers breathing compressed air, is a slowing of reaction time (RT). To investigate the locus of this slowing, the effects of 35% nitrous oxide on Crossman's confusion function were determined using line-length a...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fowler B,Mitchell I,Bhatia M,Porlier G

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • A Behavioral Intervention for Reducing Postcompletion Errors in a Safety-Critical System.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We investigated the effectiveness of a theoretically motivated intervention at reducing procedural errors in train yard operations, where making these errors could be costly or life-threatening. BACKGROUND:A widespread and persistent memory error that people commit on a daily basis is the postcompletion erro...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDonald JD,Durso FT

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Physiological Motion Axis for the Seat of a Dynamic Office Chair.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to determine and verify the optimal location of the motion axis (MA) for the seat of a dynamic office chair. BACKGROUND:A dynamic seat that supports pelvic motion may improve physical well-being and decrease the risk of sitting-associated disorders. However, office work requires an ...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuster RP,Bauer CM,Oetiker S,Kool J

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ergonomic Benefits From a Laparoscopic Instrument With Rotatable Handle Piece Depend on the Area of the Operating Field and Working Height.

    abstract::Objective To evaluate the effect of a laparoscopic instrument with a 360° rotatable handle piece (rot-HP) on biomechanical stress and precision in different areas of a simulated operating field at two working heights. Background Surgeons performing laparoscopic procedures are exposed to biomechanical stress and have a...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steinhilber B,Reiff F,Seibt R,Rieger MA,Martus P,Kraemer B,Rothmund R

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Mission control of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles: a workload analysis.

    abstract::With unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), 36 licensed pilots flew both single-UAV and dual-UAV simulated military missions. Pilots were required to navigate each UAV through a series of mission legs in one of the following three conditions: a baseline condition, an auditory autoalert condition, and an autopilot condition....

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dixon SR,Wickens CD,Chang D

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Pathway HUDs: are they viable?

    abstract::We describe two experiments that examine 3D pathway displays in a head-up location for aircraft landing and taxi. We address both guidance performance and pilot strategies in dividing, focusing, and allocating attention between flight path information and event monitoring. In Experiment 1 the 3D pathway head-up displa...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fadden S,Ververs PM,Wickens CD

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Initial Starting Distance and Gap Characteristics on Children's and Young Adults' Velocity Regulation When Intercepting Moving Gaps.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study investigated how children and young adults regulate their velocity when crossing roads under varying traffic conditions. BACKGROUND:To cross roads safely, pedestrians must adapt their movements to the moving vehicles around them while tightly coupling their movement to visual information. METHOD:...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chung HC,Choi G,Azam M

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Neuromuscular response to cyclic lumbar twisting.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the influence of 10 min of cyclic twisting motion on abdominal and back muscle activities. BACKGROUND:Repetitive (cyclic) occupational activity was identified by many epidemiological reports to be a risk factor for the development of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Biomechanical and physiolo...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li L,Patel N,Solomonow D,Le P,Hoops H,Gerhardt D,Johnson K,Zhou BH,Lu Y,Solomonow M

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of apparent latency on simulator sickness while using a see-through helmet-mounted display: reducing apparent latency with predictive compensation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to determine the effect of head movement frequency and predictive compensation on (a) latency produced in a monocular see-through helmet-mounted display (HMD) test bed and (b) simulator sickness experienced by users wearing the HMD. BACKGROUND:There is conflicting research regarding...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Buker TJ,Vincenzi DA,Deaton JE

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Treadport: Natural Gait on a Treadmill.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the differences between walking on an advanced robotic locomotion interface called the Treadport and walking overground with healthy subjects. BACKGROUND:Previous studies have compared treadmill-based and overground walking in terms of gait parameters. The Treadport's unique features including se...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chesebrough S,Hejrati B,Hollerbach J

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • The association between combination of hand force and forearm posture and incidence of lateral epicondylitis in a working population.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this prospective study is to investigate the exposure-response relationships between various workplace physical exposures of force, repetition, and their combination assessed at an individual level with lateral epicondylitis (LE). BACKGROUND:Workplace upper extremity musculoskeletal disorder...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fan ZJ,Silverstein BA,Bao S,Bonauto DK,Howard NL,Smith CK

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Synthetic vision systems: the effects of guidance symbology, display size, and field of view.

    abstract::Two experiments conducted in a high-fidelity flight simulator examined the effects of guidance symbology, display size, and geometric field of view (GFOV) within a synthetic vision system (SVS). In Experiment 1, 18 pilots flew highlighted and low-lighted tunnel-in-the-sky displays, as well as a less cluttered follow-m...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander AL,Wickens CD,Hardy TJ

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alternative computer mouse design and testing to reduce finger extensor muscle activity during mouse use.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this study was to design and test alternative computer mouse designs that attempted to reduce extensor muscle loading of the index and middle fingers by altering the orientation of the button switch direction and the force of the switch. BACKGROUND:Computer users of two-button mouse designs ex...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee DL,Fleisher J,McLoone HE,Kotani K,Dennerlein JT

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Team play with a powerful and independent agent: a full-mission simulation study.

    abstract::One major problem with pilot-automation interaction on modern flight decks is a lack of mode awareness; that is, a lack of knowledge and understanding of the current and future status and behavior of the automation. A lack of mode awareness is not simply a pilot problem; rather, it is a symptom of a coordination break...

    journal_title:Human factors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarter NB,Woods DD

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00