Magnetic-charge ordering and phase transitions in monopole-conserved square spin ice.


:Magnetic-charge ordering and corresponding magnetic/monopole phase transitions in spin ices are the emergent topics of condensed matter physics. In this work, we investigate a series of magnetic-charge (monopole) phase transitions in artificial square spin ice model using the conserved monopole density algorithm. It is revealed that the dynamics of low monopole density lattices is controlled by the effective Coulomb interaction and the Dirac string tension, leading to the monopole dimerization which is quite different from the dynamics of three-dimensional pyrochlore spin ice. The condensation of the monopole dimers into monopole crystals with staggered magnetic-charge order can be predicted clearly. For the high monopole density cases, the lattice undergoes two consecutive phase transitions from high-temperature paramagnetic/charge-disordered phase into staggered charge-ordered phase before eventually toward the long-range magnetically-ordered phase as the ground state which is of staggered charge order too. A phase diagram over the whole temperature-monopole density space, which exhibits a series of emergent spin and monopole ordered states, is presented.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Xie YL,Du ZZ,Yan ZB,Liu JM




Has Abstract


2015-10-29 00:00:00










  • Amyloid beta in nasal secretions may be a potential biomarker of Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::We investigated the level of amyloid beta (Aβ) in nasal secretions of patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) using interdigitated microelectrode (IME) biosensors and determined the predictive value of Aβ in nasal secretions for ADD diagnosis. Nasal secretions were obtained from 35 patients with ADD, 18 with ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim YH,Lee SM,Cho S,Kang JH,Minn YK,Park H,Choi SH

    更新日期:2019-03-21 00:00:00

  • Casimir switch: steering optical transparency with vacuum forces.

    abstract::The Casimir force, originating from vacuum zero-point energy, is one of the most intriguing purely quantum effects. It has attracted renewed interests in current field of nanomechanics, due to the rapid size decrease of on-chip devices. Here we study the optomechanically-induced transparency (OMIT) with a tunable Casi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu XF,Li Y,Jing H

    更新日期:2016-06-03 00:00:00

  • Association between sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infestation on Atlantic salmon farms and wild Pacific salmon in Muchalat Inlet, Canada.

    abstract::Growth in salmon aquaculture over the past two decades has raised concerns regarding the potential impacts of the industry on neighboring ecosystems and wild fish productivity. Despite limited evidence, sea lice have been identified as a major cause for the decline in some wild Pacific salmon populations on the west c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nekouei O,Vanderstichel R,Thakur K,Arriagada G,Patanasatienkul T,Whittaker P,Milligan B,Stewardson L,Revie CW

    更新日期:2018-03-05 00:00:00

  • How driving rates determine the statistics of driven non-equilibrium systems with stationary distributions.

    abstract::Sample space reducing (SSR) processes offer a simple analytical way to understand the origin and ubiquity of power-laws in many path-dependent complex systems. SRR processes show a wide range of applications that range from fragmentation processes, language formation to search and cascading processes. Here we argue th...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corominas-Murtra B,Hanel R,Zavojanni L,Thurner S

    更新日期:2018-07-18 00:00:00

  • Neuro-inflammatory effects of photodegradative products of bilirubin.

    abstract::Phototherapy was introduced in the early 1950's, and is the primary treatment of severe neonatal jaundice or Crigler-Najjar syndrome. Nevertheless, the potential biological effects of the products generated from the photodegradation of bilirubin during phototherapy remain unknown. This is very relevant in light of rec...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jašprová J,Dal Ben M,Hurný D,Hwang S,Žížalová K,Kotek J,Wong RJ,Stevenson DK,Gazzin S,Tiribelli C,Vítek L

    更新日期:2018-05-10 00:00:00

  • Blubber transcriptome responses to repeated ACTH administration in a marine mammal.

    abstract::Chronic physiological stress impacts animal fitness by catabolizing metabolic stores and suppressing reproduction. This can be especially deleterious for capital breeding carnivores such as marine mammals, with potential for ecosystem-wide effects. However, the impacts and indicators of chronic stress in animals are c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deyarmin JS,McCormley MC,Champagne CD,Stephan AP,Busqueta LP,Crocker DE,Houser DS,Khudyakov JI

    更新日期:2019-02-25 00:00:00

  • Low Expression of Slit2 and Robo1 is Associated with Poor Prognosis and Brain-specific Metastasis of Breast Cancer Patients.

    abstract::Brain metastasis is a significant unmet clinical problem in breast cancer treatment. It is always associated with poor prognosis and high morbidity. Recently, Slit2/Robo1 pathway has been demonstrated to be involved in the progression of breast carcinoma. However, until present, there are no convincing reports that su...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qin F,Zhang H,Ma L,Liu X,Dai K,Li W,Gu F,Fu L,Ma Y

    更新日期:2015-09-24 00:00:00

  • Bacterial diversity among the fruit bodies of ectomycorrhizal and saprophytic fungi and their corresponding hyphosphere soils.

    abstract::Macro-fungi play important roles in the soil elemental cycle in terrestrial ecosystems. Many researchers have focused on the interactions between mycorrhizal fungi and host plants, whilst comparatively few studies aim to characterise the relationships between macro-fungi and bacteria in situ. In this study, we detecte...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu Y,Sun Q,Li J,Lian B

    更新日期:2018-08-03 00:00:00

  • Predicting Urban Reservoir Levels Using Statistical Learning Techniques.

    abstract::Urban water supplies are critical to the growth of the city and the wellbeing of its citizens. However, these supplies can be vulnerable to hydrological extremes, such as droughts and floods, especially if they are the main source of water for the city. Maintaining these supplies and preparing for future conditions is...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Obringer R,Nateghi R

    更新日期:2018-03-26 00:00:00

  • Materials Prediction via Classification Learning.

    abstract::In the paradigm of materials informatics for accelerated materials discovery, the choice of feature set (i.e. attributes that capture aspects of structure, chemistry and/or bonding) is critical. Ideally, the feature sets should provide a simple physical basis for extracting major structural and chemical trends and fur...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balachandran PV,Theiler J,Rondinelli JM,Lookman T

    更新日期:2015-08-25 00:00:00

  • Ultrasound-derived changes in thickness of human ankle plantar flexor muscles during walking and running are not homogeneous along the muscle mid-belly region.

    abstract::Skeletal muscle thickness is a valuable indicator of several aspects of a muscle's functional capabilities. We used computational analysis of ultrasound images, recorded from 10 humans walking and running at a range of speeds (0.7-5.0 m s-1), to quantify interactions in thickness change between three ankle plantar fle...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Hodson-Tole EF,Lai AKM

    更新日期:2019-10-21 00:00:00

  • Discrete states and carrier-phonon scattering in quantum dot population dynamics.

    abstract::The influence of the growth conditions of multilayer CdTe/ZnTe quantum dots (QDs) on Si substrate upon their carrier dynamics is studied using intensity integration and broadening photoluminescence. The unusual temperature dependence of the line broadening is explained using a model for interband transitions that invo...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Man MT,Lee HS

    更新日期:2015-02-05 00:00:00

  • Profiling the impact of medium formulation on morphology and functionality of primary hepatocytes in vitro.

    abstract::The characterization of fully-defined in vitro hepatic culture systems requires testing of functional and morphological variables to obtain the optimal trophic support, particularly for cell therapeutics including bioartificial liver systems (BALs). Using serum-free fully-defined culture medium formulations, we measur...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nelson LJ,Treskes P,Howie AF,Walker SW,Hayes PC,Plevris JN

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Heterogeneity assessment of functional T cell avidity.

    abstract::The potency of cellular immune responses strongly depends on T cell avidity to antigen. Yet, functional avidity measurements are rarely performed in patients, mainly due to the technical challenges of characterizing heterogeneous T cells. The mean functional T cell avidity can be determined by the IFN-γ Elispot assay,...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ioannidou K,Baumgaertner P,Gannon PO,Speiser MF,Allard M,Hebeisen M,Rufer N,Speiser DE

    更新日期:2017-03-13 00:00:00

  • Loss of NMDA receptors in dopamine neurons leads to the development of affective disorder-like symptoms in mice.

    abstract::The role of changes in dopamine neuronal activity during the development of symptoms in affective disorders remains controversial. Here, we show that inactivation of NMDA receptors on dopaminergic neurons in adult mice led to the development of affective disorder-like symptoms. The loss of NMDA receptors altered activ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jastrzębska K,Walczak M,Cieślak PE,Szumiec Ł,Turbasa M,Engblom D,Błasiak T,Parkitna JR

    更新日期:2016-11-17 00:00:00

  • Tidally disrupted stars as a possible origin of both cosmic rays and neutrinos at the highest energies.

    abstract::Tidal Disruption Events (TDEs) are processes where stars are torn apart by the strong gravitational force near to a massive or supermassive black hole. If a jet is launched in such a process, particle acceleration may take place in internal shocks. We demonstrate that jetted TDEs can simultaneously describe the observ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biehl D,Boncioli D,Lunardini C,Winter W

    更新日期:2018-07-17 00:00:00

  • Adult, intensively socialized wolves show features of attachment behaviour to their handler.

    abstract::Dogs' attachment towards humans might be the core of their social skillset, yet the origins of their ability to build such a bond are still unclear. Here we show that adult, hand-reared wolves, similarly to dogs, form individualized relationship with their handler. During separation from their handler, wolves, much li...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lenkei R,Újváry D,Bakos V,Faragó T

    更新日期:2020-10-14 00:00:00

  • Fire blight host-pathogen interaction: proteome profiles of Erwinia amylovora infecting apple rootstocks.

    abstract::Fire blight, caused by the enterobacterium Erwinia amylovora, is a destructive disease, which can affect most members of the Rosaceae family. Since no significant genomic differences have been found by others to explain differences in virulence, we used here a gel-based proteomic approach to elucidate mechanisms and k...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holtappels M,Noben JP,Van Dijck P,Valcke R

    更新日期:2018-08-03 00:00:00

  • Transformation of nonencapsulated Streptococcus pneumoniae during systemic infection.

    abstract::Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) is a principal cause of bacterial middle ear infections, pneumonia, and meningitis. Capsule-targeted pneumococcal vaccines have likely contributed to increased carriage of nonencapsulated S. pneumoniae (NESp). Some NESp lineages are associated with highly efficient DNA uptake an...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bradshaw JL,Rafiqullah IM,Robinson DA,McDaniel LS

    更新日期:2020-11-03 00:00:00

  • Flexible and Accurate Simulation of Radiation Cooling with FETD Method.

    abstract::Thermal management and simulation are becoming increasingly important in many areas of engineering applications. There are three cooling routes for thermal management, namely thermal conduction, thermal convection and thermal radiation, among which the first two approaches have been widely studied and applied, while t...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang HH,Sha WEI,Huang ZX,Shi GM

    更新日期:2018-02-08 00:00:00

  • CCL2 nitration is a negative regulator of chemokine-mediated inflammation.

    abstract::Chemokines promote leukocyte recruitment during inflammation. The oxidative burst is an important effector mechanism, this leads to the generation of reactive nitrogen species (RNS), including peroxynitrite (ONOO). The current study was performed to determine the potential for nitration to alter the chemical and biolo...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barker CE,Thompson S,O'Boyle G,Lortat-Jacob H,Sheerin NS,Ali S,Kirby JA

    更新日期:2017-03-14 00:00:00

  • Trophic isotopic carbon variation increases with pond's hydroperiod: Evidence from an Austral ephemeral ecosystem.

    abstract::Trophic variation in food web structure occurs among and within ecosystems. The magnitude of variation, however, differs from system to system. In ephemeral pond ecosystems, temporal dynamics are relatively more important than in many systems given that hydroperiod is the ultimate factor determining the presence of an...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dalu T,Wasserman RJ,Froneman PW,Weyl OLF

    更新日期:2017-08-08 00:00:00

  • Angulin proteins ILDR1 and ILDR2 regulate alternative pre-mRNA splicing through binding to splicing factors TRA2A, TRA2B, or SRSF1.

    abstract::Angulin proteins are a group of evolutionally conserved type I transmembrane proteins that contain an extracellular Ig-like domain. In mammals, three angulin proteins have been identified, namely immunoglobulin-like domain containing receptor 1 (ILDR1), immunoglobulin-like domain containing receptor 2 (ILDR2), and lip...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu Y,Nie H,Liu C,Zhai X,Sang Q,Wang Y,Shi D,Wang L,Xu Z

    更新日期:2017-08-07 00:00:00

  • Application of a convolutional neural network for predicting the occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia using heart rate variability features.

    abstract::Predicting the occurrence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA) in advance is a matter of utmost importance for saving the lives of cardiac arrhythmia patients. Machine learning algorithms have been used to predict the occurrence of imminent VTA. In this study, we used a one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1-...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taye GT,Hwang HJ,Lim KM

    更新日期:2020-04-21 00:00:00

  • A quantitative description of the transition between intuitive altruism and rational deliberation in iterated Prisoner's Dilemma experiments.

    abstract::What is intuitive: pro-social or anti-social behaviour? To answer this fundamental question, recent studies analyse decision times in game theory experiments under the assumption that intuitive decisions are fast and that deliberation is slow. These analyses keep track of the average time taken to make decisions under...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gallotti R,Grujić J

    更新日期:2019-11-19 00:00:00

  • A microfluidic device for isolating intact chromosomes from single mammalian cells and probing their folding stability by controlling solution conditions.

    abstract::Chromatin folding shows spatio-temporal fluctuations in living undifferentiated cells, but fixed spatial heterogeneity in differentiated cells. However, little is known about variation in folding stability along the chromatin fibres during differentiation. In addition, effective methods to investigate folding stabilit...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takahashi T,Okeyo KO,Ueda J,Yamagata K,Washizu M,Oana H

    更新日期:2018-09-12 00:00:00

  • A downstream molecule of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, protects against mouse model of renal fibrosis.

    abstract::Renal fibrosis, the characteristic feature of progressive chronic kidney disease, is associated with unremitting renal inflammation. Although it is reported that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the active form of vitamin D, elicits an anti-renal fibrotic effect, its molecular mechanism is still unknown. In thi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bi J,Watanabe H,Fujimura R,Nishida K,Nakamura R,Oshiro S,Imafuku T,Komori H,Miyahisa M,Tanaka M,Matsushita K,Maruyama T

    更新日期:2018-11-26 00:00:00

  • A novel design to screen chlorogenic acid-producing microbial strains from the environment.

    abstract::The present study aimed to develop a plate-screening method, based on the specific color development of complexes formed between chlorogenic acid, a valuable plant-derived compound, and aluminum (III), to detect chlorogenic acid-producing microbial strains. Modified media with 0.75 mM aluminum chloride were developed ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang X,Qin L,Zhou J,Li Y,Fan X

    更新日期:2018-10-03 00:00:00

  • Gene expression in diapausing rotifer eggs in response to divergent environmental predictability regimes.

    abstract::In unpredictable environments in which reliable cues for predicting environmental variation are lacking, a diversifying bet-hedging strategy for diapause exit is expected to evolve, whereby only a portion of diapausing forms will resume development at the first occurrence of suitable conditions. This study focused on ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tarazona E,Lucas-Lledó JI,Carmona MJ,García-Roger EM

    更新日期:2020-12-07 00:00:00

  • Motile properties of the bi-directional kinesin-5 Cin8 are affected by phosphorylation in its motor domain.

    abstract::The Saccharomyces cerevisiae kinesin-5 Cin8 performs essential mitotic functions in spindle assembly and anaphase B spindle elongation. Recent work has shown that Cin8 is a bi-directional motor which moves towards the minus-end of microtubules (MTs) under high ionic strength (IS) conditions and changes directionality ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shapira O,Gheber L

    更新日期:2016-05-24 00:00:00