Intracerebral oxytocin is important for the onset of maternal behavior in inexperienced ewes delivered under peridural anesthesia.


:Measurement of cerebrospinal concentrations of oxytocin (OT) in intact and peridural-anesthetized ewes showed that central release of OT during parturition is inhibited by this anesthesia. Also, observations of maternal behavior and attraction to amniotic fluid (AF) in inexperienced peridural-anesthetized parturient ewes after intracerebroventricular injections of either OT (2 x 10 micrograms) or saline showed that OT infusions increased the proportion of maternal females (2/17 vs. 10/20; p = .01) and attraction to AF. This study confirms that in sheep vaginocervical stimulation activates the oxytocinergic system, which induces the onset of maternal behavior, and that this action is not limited to maternally experienced females.


Behav Neurosci


Behavioral neuroscience


Lévy F,Kendrick KM,Keverne EB,Piketty V,Poindron P




Has Abstract


1992-04-01 00:00:00












  • Different neural responses to stranger and personally familiar faces in shy and bold adults.

    abstract::The shy-bold continuum is a fundamental behavioral trait conserved across human and nonhuman animals. Individual differences along the shy-bold continuum are presumed to arise from, and are maintained by, differences in the excitability of forebrain limbic areas involved in the evaluation of stimulus saliency. To test...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beaton EA,Schmidt LA,Schulkin J,Antony MM,Swinson RP,Hall GB

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • HemiParkinson analogue rats display active support in good limbs versus passive support in bad limbs on a skilled reaching task of variable height.

    abstract::Rats with unilateral dopamine (DA) depletion (hemiParkinson analogue rats) are impaired in using the contralateral (bad) limbs for skilled movements and for postural adjustments and compensate by using their good limbs in novel ways. The present study consisted of a reaching task in which compensatory adjustments usin...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miklyaeva EI,Whishaw IQ

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • A role for alpha-adrenergic receptors in extinction of conditioned fear and cocaine conditioned place preference.

    abstract::Previous work has demonstrated an important role for adrenergic receptors in memory processes in fear and drug conditioning paradigms. Recent studies have also demonstrated alterations in extinction in these paradigms using drug treatments targeting beta- and alpha2-adrenergic receptors, but little is known about the ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernardi RE,Lattal KM

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Behavior of rat fetuses following chemical or tactile stimulation.

    abstract::The behavior of fetal rats was examined on Day 19 of gestation with procedures that enabled chemical stimulation and direct observation of fetuses. Rat fetuses are sensitive to both tactile stroking and intraoral infusion of chemical solutions, but the pattern and amount of activity depend upon the modality of stimula...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smotherman WP,Robinson SR

    更新日期:1988-02-01 00:00:00

  • Retrospective and prospective coding of information: dissociation of parietal cortex and hippocampal formation.

    abstract::Animals with sham operations, hippocampal formation, or small and large parietal cortex lesions were trained in a task that required memory for short or long lists of items (spatial locations). More specifically, on any one trial, a rat is presented with 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10 items (spatial locations) on a 12-arm radial m...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kametani H,Kesner RP

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Thyroxine treatment reduces the anorectic effect of estradiol in rats.

    abstract::In order to examine a possible interaction between thyroxine and estradiol in the control of feeding, 14 ovariectomized adult female rats were given daily injections of 9.8 micrograms/100 g of body weight of 1-thyroxine (T). Another 14 rats received 0.15 ml of saline (S) subcutaneously each day, and food intake was me...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young JK

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • The behavioral effects of chronic sugar and/or caffeine consumption in adult and adolescent rats.

    abstract::Caffeine is a psychostimulant frequently consumed by adults and children, often in combination with high levels of sugar. Chronic pretreatment with either substance can amplify both amphetamine and cocaine-induced hyperactivity in rodents. The present study sought to elucidate whether age at the time of exposure to su...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franklin JL,Wearne TA,Homewood J,Cornish JL

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Involvement of serotonin and oxytocin in neural mechanism regulating amicable social signal in male mice: Implication for impaired recognition of amicable cues in BALB/c strain.

    abstract::Social signals play a primary role in regulating social relationships among male mice. The present series of experiments investigated the neural mechanisms underlying an induction of amicable cues that facilitate social approach in male mice of the C57BL/6 (B6) and BALB/c (BALB) strains. Male mice exhibit approach beh...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arakawa H

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Treadmill performance of mice with cerebellar lesions: 1. Purkinje cell degeneration mutant mice.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensorimotor skills of a spontaneous mouse mutant, Purkinje cell degeneration (PCD), marked by selective cerebellar cortical atrophy on a treadmill activated at 1 of 2 speeds and at 1 of 3 slopes, requiring forward movements to avoid footshocks. There was no difference in ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Le Marec N,Lalonde R

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Association of sleep parameters and memory in intact old rats and young rats with lesions in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis.

    abstract::Relations between sleep and memory were examined as a function of aging in rats. Sleep (24 hr), passive avoidance retention, and choline acetyltransferase (CAT) activity were assessed in 3 age-groups (6, 15, and 24 months old). Age-related alterations were evident in sleep, memory, and cortical and striatal CAT activi...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone WS,Altman HJ,Berman RF,Caldwell DF,Kilbey MM

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • Dissociations between appetitive and consummatory responses by pharmacological manipulations of reward-relevant brain regions.

    abstract::Appetitive behaviors of rats were monitored in a runway situation following central infusions of neuroactive substances into brain areas implicated in electrical self-stimulation. Microinjections of the dopamine antagonist cis-flupentixol or the cholinergic antagonist atropine into the nucleus accumbens (Acb) severely...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ikemoto S,Panksepp J

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Biophysical and behavioral correlates of memory storage, degradation, and reactivation.

    abstract::Neural correlates of associative memory and "forgetting" were observed 1, 6, and 14 days after acquisition of a conditioned response (CR) in the marine snail Hermissenda. Behavioral expression of a light-rotation association, as indexed by contraction of the animal's foot in response to light, dissipated throughout th...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matzel LD,Collin C,Alkon DL

    更新日期:1992-12-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral effects of methylazoxymethanol-induced micrencephaly.

    abstract::This study was prompted by reports of functionally normal humans with micrencephaly or cortical hypoplasia. Methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) treatment, which induces micrencephaly in rats, was administered by injection (20 mg/kg) on gestational day 14. Prior to weaning and into adulthood, offspring were assessed on m...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferguson SA,Racey FD,Paule MG,Holson RR

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • Ontogeny of the acoustic startle response and sensitization to background noise in the rat.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to characterize the ontogeny of the acoustic startle response (ASR) and response sensitization to background noise in preweanling rats. Animals were tested daily from 11 to 21 days of age using one of four sets of background white noise levels [45-80 dB(A)]. With constant low-level (45 dB...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheets LP,Dean KF,Reiter LW

    更新日期:1988-10-01 00:00:00

  • Amiloride sensitivity in the neonatal rat.

    abstract::Amiloride-sensitive sodium channels in taste buds appear to play a key role in the response to NaCl stimulation, at least in adult rats. The researchers examined whether neonatal rats, which display an exaggerated preference for hypertonic NaCl solutions, lack functional amiloride-sensitive sodium channels. NaCl intak...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sollars SI,Bernstein IL

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Increased anxiety-like behavior in neuropsin (kallikrein-related peptidase 8) gene-deficient mice.

    abstract::Neuropsin (kallikrein-related peptidase 8) is concentrated in the hippocampus, amygdala, olfactory bulb, and prefrontal cortex. Earlier studies showed that protease deficiency causes a significant impairment of early-phase long-term potentiation in the Schaffer collateral pathway and hippocampus-dependent memory in th...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horii Y,Yamasaki N,Miyakawa T,Shiosaka S

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Modification of the acoustic startle response in hearing-impaired C57BL/6J mice: prepulse augmentation and prolongation of prepulse inhibition.

    abstract::Modification of acoustic startle amplitude by a 10-ms tone prepulse (S1) was evaluated as a function of the interstimulus interval (ISI) between the onset of S1 and the onset of the startle-evoking stimulus (S2). Subjects were normal-hearing 1-month-old C57BL/6J (C57) mice and CBA/CaJ mice and 5-month-old C57 mice wit...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Willott JF,Carlson S

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Sex and sodium intake in the rat.

    abstract::Female rats drink more 3% NaCl solution than do males, both when they need sodium (need-induced sodium intake or sodium appetite) and when they do not (need-free sodium intake). The sexual dimorphism of sodium intake is a secondary sexual characteristic because after castration at 1 day of age male rats drank 3% NaCl ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chow SY,Sakai RR,Witcher JA,Adler NT,Epstein AN

    更新日期:1992-02-01 00:00:00

  • Differential sensitivity to the wake-promoting actions of norepinephrine within the medial preoptic area and the substantia innominata.

    abstract::Mapping studies were conducted to delineate the site(s) of action for the arousal-enhancing actions of norepinephrine (NE) within the basal forebrain region encompassing the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the substantia innominata (SI). Varying doses of NE, the beta-agonist, isoproterenol, or the alpha1-agonist, phen...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berridge CW,O'Neill J

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • A peripheral, intracerebral, or intrathecal administration of an opioid receptor antagonist blocks illness-induced hyperalgesia in the rat.

    abstract::We used the tail-flick response of rats to study the role of opioid receptors in illness-induced hyperalgesia. An intraperitoneal injection of lithium chloride (LiCl) produced hyperalgesia that was blocked in a dose-dependent manner by subcutaneous injection of the opioid antagonist naloxone. Neither hyperalgesia nor ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McNally GP,Johnston IN,Westbrook RF

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Prefrontal cortex and rule abstraction: where and whether? Theoretical comment on Moore et al. (2009).

    abstract::The primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is implicated in diverse aspects of behavioral regulation, cognitive control, and memory. However, direct neuropsychological evidence supporting a requirement of this area in functions other than spatial working memory has been scarce. T. L. Moore, S. P. Schettler, R. J. Kill...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Baxter MG

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Peptide effects on social behavior: effects of vasotocin and isotocin on social approach behavior in male goldfish (Carassius auratus).

    abstract::The authors measured the effects of centrally infused peptides on social approach behaviors in goldfish (Carassius auratus), a social teleost. Vasotocin (VT) inhibited approach responses toward the visual stimuli of conspecifics in the absence of aggressive or sexual olfactory contextual cues in males, and a V1 recept...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson RR,Walton JC

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Aggression upon adolescent cocaine exposure linked to serotonin anomalies: theoretical comment on Ricci et al. (2004).

    abstract::Aggressive tendencies may be linked to the psychopharmacology of cocaine, yet few experimental approaches have been brought to bear on understanding the neurobiological implications of cocaine exposure during the developmentally sensitive period of adolescence. In this issue, Melloni and coauthors (L. A. Ricci, J. M. ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cunningham KA

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Blockade of glutamatergic transmission in the primate basolateral amygdala suppresses active behavior without altering social interaction.

    abstract::The amygdala is an integrator of affective processing, and a key component of a network regulating social behavior. While decades of lesion studies in nonhuman primates have shown alterations in social interactions after amygdala damage, acute manipulations of the amygdala in primates have been underexplored. We recen...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Forcelli PA,Wellman LL,Malkova L

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mapping the substrate for brain stimulation reward by means of current-number trade-off functions.

    abstract::In previous studies using moveable electrodes to map the substrate for brain stimulation reward, reward effectiveness was estimated by varying either the current or the number of pulses per train. The resulting relationship between reward effectiveness and stimulation site is independent of the fixed parameter only if...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Forgie ML,Shizgal P

    更新日期:1993-06-01 00:00:00

  • Stressor-provoked behavioral changes in six strains of mice.

    abstract::Behavioral changes induced by inescapable shock were examined in six strains of mice. Exposure to shock provoked time-dependent disturbances of shuttle escape performance. In some strains the shock treatment did not affect escape performance, whereas in others profound performance deficits were evident. The inescapabl...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shanks N,Anisman H

    更新日期:1988-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sensitivity to ethanol-induced motor incoordination in 5-HT(1B) receptor null mutant mice is task-dependent: implications for behavioral assessment of genetically altered mice.

    abstract::Neuromuscular impairment by ethanol likely involves complex effects on balance, gait, muscle strength, and other features of motor coordination. The present experiments showed that relative sensitivity to ethanol-induced motor impairment in serotonin 1B (5-HT(1B)) null mutant and control mice was task dependent. We fo...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boehm SL 2nd,Schafer GL,Phillips TJ,Browman KE,Crabbe JC

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impairments in negative patterning, but not simple discrimination learning, in rats with 192 IgG-saporin lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis.

    abstract::Rats with 192 IgG-saporin lesions of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) and sham-operated rats were trained in either a simple discrimination paradigm assessing simple association learning or a negative patterning paradigm assessing configural association learning. In the simple discrimination task, rats were r...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butt AE,Noble MM,Rogers JL,Rea TE

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Frontal cortex lesions block the opioid and nonopioid hypoalgesia elicited by brief shocks but not the nonopioid hypoalgesia elicited by long shocks.

    abstract::Previous research (Grau, 1987a, 1987b) suggests that forebrain systems play an essential role in the hypoalgesia observed after brief shock but not long shock. Additional research has shown that pentobarbital anesthesia and decerebration block the hypoalgesia observed after 3 brief (0.75-s) shocks but not the hypoalge...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meagher MW,Grau JW,King RA

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Head direction, place, and movement correlates for cells in the rat retrosplenial cortex.

    abstract::The retrosplenial cortex is strongly connected with brain regions involved in spatial signaling. To test whether it also codes space, single cells were recorded while rats navigated in an open field. As in earlier work (L. L. Chen, L. H. Lin, C. A. Barnes, & B. L. McNaughton, 1994; L. L. Chen, L. H. Lin, E. J. Green, ...

    journal_title:Behavioral neuroscience

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cho J,Sharp PE

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00