Specific alterations in gut microbiota in patients with chronic kidney disease: an updated systematic review.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Emerging evidence demonstrates that gut dysbiosis is implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with underlying mechanisms involving mucosal and/or systematic immunity or metabolic disorders. However, the profile of gut microbiota in patients with CKD has not been completely explored. METHODS:Databases from their date of inception to 31 March 2020 were systematically searched for case-control or cross-sectional studies comparing the gut microbial profiles in adult patients with CKD or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with those in healthy controls. Quantitative analysis of alterations in gut microbial profiles was conducted. RESULTS:Twenty-five studies with a total of 1436 CKD patients and 918 healthy controls were included. The present study supports the increased abundance of, phylum Proteobacteria and Fusobacteria, genus Escherichia_Shigella, Desulfovibrio, and Streptococcus, while lower abundance of genus Roseburia, Faecalibacterium, Pyramidobacter, Prevotellaceae_UCG-001, and Prevotella_9 in patients with CKD; and increased abundance of phylum Proteobacteria, and genus Streptococcus and Fusobacterium, while lower abundance of Prevotella, Coprococcus, Megamonas, and Faecalibacterium in patients with ESRD. Moreover, higher concentrations of trimethylamine-N-oxide and p-cresyl sulfate and lower concentrations of short-chain fatty acids were observed. Gut permeability in patients with CKD was not determined due to the heterogeneity of selected parameters. CONCLUSIONS:Specific alterations of gut microbial parameters in patients with CKD were identified. However, a full picture of the gut microbiota could not be drawn from the data due to the differences in methodology, and qualitative and incomplete reporting of different studies.

journal_name

Ren Fail

journal_title

Renal failure

authors

Zhao J,Ning X,Liu B,Dong R,Bai M,Sun S

doi

10.1080/0886022X.2020.1864404

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-12-01 00:00:00

pages

102-112

issue

1

eissn

0886-022X

issn

1525-6049

journal_volume

43

pub_type

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