Effects of calcitonin, parathyroid hormone and its related fragments on acquisition of active avoidance behavior.


:The acquisition of active avoidance response was studied in rats injected intracerebroventricularly with calcitonin (CT), parathyroid hormone (PTH) or PTH-related fragments. PTH and PTH65-84 facilitated the acquisition of shuttle-box active avoidance behavior as indicated by the number of conditioned avoidance responses and the percentage of animals reaching the learning criterion. PTH1-34 and PTH44-68, on the contrary, inhibited the acquisition of active avoidance behavior, while CT totally suppressed this behavior in the rat. It is possible that the opposite effects of PTH and CT on learning ability of the rat depend on a different action on calcium metabolism.


Physiol Behav


Physiology & behavior


Clementi G,Drago F,Prato A,Cavaliere S,Di Benedetto A,Leone F,Scapagnini U,Rodolico G




Has Abstract


1984-12-01 00:00:00














  • Ratings of perceived recovery and exertion in elite youth soccer players: Interchangeability of 10-point and 100-point scales.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine the interchangeability of a new perceived recovery status scale (PRS) of 100 points through a comparison to the original 10-point version. This study also aimed to test the interchangeability of CR100 scale (Borg's rate of perceived exertion scale) in comparison to the CR10. Tw...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clemente FM,Rabbani A,Araújo JP

    更新日期:2019-10-15 00:00:00

  • Spatial processing and emotionality in aged NMRI mice: a multivariate analysis.

    abstract::The goal of this study was to investigate possible relationships between different aspects of behavioural decline in aged (17 months) NMRI mice by a multivariate analysis. These mice presented defects in spatial processing both in place learning in a Morris-type water maze and in spontaneous alternation in a Y-maze, a...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lamberty Y,Gower AJ

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Decreased feeding associated with acute hypoxia in rats.

    abstract::Rats obtained less food than normal on a cyclic-ratio schedule during brief, 1-hr exposure to either moderate hypobaric hypoxia (BP = 435 Torr, PO2 approximately equal to 91 Torr) or to hypoxic hypoxia (BP = 750 Torr, PO2, approximately equal to 90 Torr), but not during hypobaric exposure with 36.5% oxygen (BP = 435 T...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ettinger RH,Staddon JE

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of active hypohydration on cognitive function: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Hypohydration is generally considered to have a negative effect on cognitive function, despite several studies reporting comparable findings between hydration states. Recommendations to avoid moderate dehydration (≥ 2% loss in body mass) are commonly made to athletes, on the provision that this deficit may impair opti...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Goodman SPJ,Moreland AT,Marino FE

    更新日期:2019-05-15 00:00:00

  • Conditioned aversion to a taste perceived while grooming.

    abstract::Four experiments were conducted to determine how the characteristics of conditioned taste aversion (CTA), as described from studies conducted in the drinking and feeding contexts, applied in the grooming context. In Experiment 1, sodium saccharin was mixed with a "neutral-tasting" jelly and applied to the fur of male ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reidinger RF Jr,Beauchamp GK,Barth M

    更新日期:1982-04-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate transgenerationally alters anxiety-like behavior and amygdala gene expression in adult male and female mice.

    abstract::Phthalates are industrial plasticizers and stabilizers commonly found in polyvinyl chloride plastic and consumer products, including food packaging, cosmetics, medical devices, and children's toys. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), one of the most commonly used phthalates, exhibits endocrine-disrupting characteristi...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hatcher KM,Willing J,Chiang C,Rattan S,Flaws JA,Mahoney MM

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neural transplants. effects On startle responses in neonatally MSG-treated rats.

    abstract::Neonatal monosodium glutamate (MSG) treatment has been associated with dysfunctions in stress responses. Therefore, the present study aimed at examining the acoustic startle response (ASR) in MSG-treated rats and the effects of fetal neural transplantation. Male and female rats were given MSG (4 mg/g) or saline on alt...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang FC,Connor J,Patel A,Doat MM,Romero MT

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of adrenalectomy on the odor detection performance of rats.

    abstract::The influence of adrenalectomy (ADX) on the odor detection performance of male Long-Evans rats was assessed using high-precision olfactometry and a go/no-go operant signal detection task. Nonparametric signal detection measures of sensitivity and responsivity, as well as measures of S+ response latency, the number of ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doty RL,Risser JM,Brosvic GM

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • P300, habituation, and response mode.

    abstract::The P3(00) event-related brain potential (ERP) was elicited with an auditory discrimination paradigm under two response task conditions in which the probability of the target tone was always 0.20. Subjects either counted the occurrence of each target tone or pressed a button to the target in different conditions. No r...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lew GS,Polich J

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence for the role of insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) in the control of food intake.

    abstract::Highly purified insulin-like growth factors I and II and insulin (100 ng peptide/animal) were injected intracerebroventricularly in rats and the effect on 24 hour food consumption examined. IGF-II injections resulted in a 21% decrease in food intake and 4% body weight loss over the 24 hour period following peptide adm...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lauterio TJ,Marson L,Daughaday WH,Baile CA

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring determinants of recalled in-task affective valence during recreational exercise.

    abstract::Exercise-related affective responses, particularly in-task, have been implicated as influencing behavioral maintenance. An extensive body of literature, primarily using aerobic modes in laboratory settings, has identified a relatively consistent inverse relationship between intensity and affect. This relationship is p...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beaumont CT,Ferrara PM,Strohacker K

    更新日期:2021-03-01 00:00:00

  • Preloads of corn oil inhibit independent ingestion on postnatal day 15 in rats.

    abstract::The ontogenetic development of postingestive inhibitory control of ingestion by an oil preload was examined in preweaning rats. Gastric preloads (5% b.wt) of water, mineral oil or corn oil were administered 5 min before a 30-min intake test in which pups licked milk from the floor of a test chamber. Preloads of corn o...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weller A,Gispan IH,Armony-Sivan R,Ritter RC,Smith GP

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Thermal taster status: Temperature modulation of cortical response to sweetness perception.

    abstract::Temperature is known to impact taste perception, but its reported effect on sweet taste perception in humans is inconsistent. Here, we assess whether thermal taste phenotype alters the temperature modulation of the brains' response to sweet samples and sweet taste perception. Participants (n = 24 balanced for thermal ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eldeghaidy S,Yang Q,Abualait T,Williamson AM,Hort J,Francis ST

    更新日期:2021-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of early dietary experience on subsequent protein selection in the rat.

    abstract::Two series of experiments were designed to investigate the effects of protein composition of the first solid food consumed by young rat pups on their subsequent protein intake after weaning. In the first series of experiments, pups were allowed access to the maternal diet between 17 and 21 days of age, then weaned to ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morris P,Anderson GH

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ghrelin and the short- and long-term regulation of appetite and body weight.

    abstract::Ghrelin, an acylated upper gastrointestinal peptide, is the only known orexigenic hormone. Considerable evidence implicates ghrelin in mealtime hunger and meal initiation. Circulating levels decrease with feeding and increase before meals, achieving concentrations sufficient to stimulate hunger and food intake. Prepra...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cummings DE

    更新日期:2006-08-30 00:00:00

  • Consuming aspartame with and without taste: differential effects on appetite and food intake of young adult males.

    abstract::Despite some reports that aspartame (APM)-sweetened beverages may increase subjective appetite, previously we demonstrated that drinking 280 ml of an APM-sweetened soft drink (170 mg APM) had no effect on appetite, and 560 ml of the same soft drink (340 mg APM) reduced appetite. The present study examined this appetit...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Black RM,Leiter LA,Anderson GH

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • On the road to obesity: Television viewing increases intake of high-density foods.

    abstract::Television viewing (TVV) has been linked with obesity, possibly through increased sedentary behavior and/or through increased ingestion during TVV. The proposition that TVV causes increased feeding, however, has not been subjected to experimental verification until recently. Our objective was to determine if the amoun...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Blass EM,Anderson DR,Kirkorian HL,Pempek TA,Price I,Koleini MF

    更新日期:2006-07-30 00:00:00

  • Evidence of a role for conditioning in the development of liking for flavours in humans in everyday life.

    abstract::The development of liking for flavours through conditioning has so far been widely demonstrated in the laboratory. The impact of conditioning in the real world however is yet to be reported. This study investigated the development of liking for flavours through conditioning in the real world as part of everyday life. ...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Appleton KM,Gentry RC,Shepherd R

    更新日期:2006-03-30 00:00:00

  • Brood patch innervation and its role in the onset of incubation in the turkey hen.

    abstract::The source of innervation to the brood patch in turkey hens was determined by recording the electrophysiological activity of cutaneous nerves while manually stimulating various regions of the skin. The entire area of the brood patch was innervated by eight nerves, arising from thoracic vertebra 3 to synsacrothoracic v...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Book CM,Millam JR,Guinan MJ,Kitchell RL

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • Taste cells in the gut and on the tongue. Their common, paraneuronal features.

    abstract::Chemoreception of foodstuff in the gut is performed by endocrine cells dispersed in the gut epithelium. They are bipolar cells extending an apical process to the gut lumen and releasing their messenger substances from the cell base in response to the apical stimuli. The cells share cell-biological features with neuron...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fujita T

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • Mood and appetite: Their relationship with discretionary and total daily energy intake.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Negative affect is shown consistently to promote unhealthy food choices and dietary intake in laboratory studies. However, this relationship in naturalistic settings is less clear and previous research is limited by dietary assessment methodology and neglects to account for several important moderating varia...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fong M,Li A,Hill AJ,Cunich M,Skilton MR,Madigan CD,Caterson ID

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Time-restricted feeding attenuates gluconeogenic activity through inhibition of PGC-1α expression and activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Time-restricted feeding (TRF), a key component of intermittent fasting regimens, has gained considerable attention in recent years due to reversing obesity and insulin resistance. To the best of our knowledge, here, we reported for the first time the underlying mechanistic therapeutic efficacy of TRF against...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: She Y,Sun J,Hou P,Fang P,Zhang Z

    更新日期:2021-03-15 00:00:00

  • Olfactory environment and early mating behavior in the cyclic female rat.

    abstract::The objectives of this study were to examine the effects of olfactory cues from the male and of olfactory bulb removal on early mating behavior in sexually inexperienced diestrous female rats primed with estrogen. Four-day cyclic rats isolated from the male were given either 2.5 micrograms or 10 micrograms estradiol b...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Antz-Vaxman M,Aron C

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of baseline anxiety on response to kindling of the right medial amygdala.

    abstract::The effects of kindling of the right anterior medial amygdala of Wistar rats was studied. Kindling lastingly increased anxiety (decreased open-arm exploration) in the elevated plus-maze 1 week after the last kindled seizure, replicating previous findings. Changes in anxiety were independent of changes in exploration o...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adamec R,Shallow T

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in daily rhythms of body temperature and activity after a single social defeat in rats.

    abstract::The long-term consequences of social stress on daily rhythms of body temperature and activity in rats were studied by means of radiotelemetry with intraperitoneally implanted transmitters. Rats were subjected to a single social defeat by placing them into the territory of a male conspecific for 1 h. Social defeat caus...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meerlo P,De Boer SF,Koolhaas JM,Daan S,Van den Hoofdakker RH

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Learned control of meal size in spontaneously obese and nonobese bonnet macaque monkeys.

    abstract::Ten pairs of obese and nonobese monkeys, matched for age and sex, received one liquid test meal a day for 4 days. Testing was conducted during the middle of a 6-h period of food deprivation. At all other times the monkeys were freely fed on maintenance chow biscuits. The first test meal of grape and orange flavor drin...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Booth DA,Grinker JA

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Protective effect of n-butanol extract from Alpinia oxyphylla on learning and memory impairments.

    abstract::Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the major neurological diseases of the elderly. How to safely and effectively remove the toxic Aβ42 peptide through blood-brain barrier (BBB) is considered to be an effective method for the prevention and treatment of AD. The compounds whose molecule weight is less than 400 Da and th...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shi SH,Zhao X,Liu AJ,Liu B,Li H,Wu B,Bi KS,Jia Y

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Consumption of electrolytes and quinine by mouse strains with different blood pressures.

    abstract::Daily fluid intakes were measured using two-bottle tests in female mice of inbred strains with high (BPH/2), normal (BPN/3) or low (BPL/1) blood pressure. The mice were offered a choice between water and different concentrations of NaCl (37.5-600 mM), KCl (1-400 mM), CaCl2 (1-100 mM) and quinine hydrochloride (0.003-1...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bachmanov AA,Schlager G,Tordoff MG,Beauchamp GK

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Circadian rhythms of melatonin and behaviour in juvenile sheep in field conditions: Effects of photoperiod, environment and weaning.

    abstract::Entrainment of circadian rhythms (CR) to the light dark cycle has been well described under controlled, experimental conditions. However, studies in rodents have reported that rhythms in the laboratory are not always reproduced under field conditions. The aim of this study was to characterise the CR of sheep maintaine...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wyse CA,Zhang X,McLaughlin M,Biello SM,Hough D,Bellingham M,Curtis AM,Robinson JE,Evans NP

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Learned suppression of intake based on anticipated calories: cross-nutrient comparisons.

    abstract::Following training with distinctively flavored solutions which differ in calories and thus in their postingestive effects, rats demonstrate flavor-postingestive consequence learning by preferentially consuming one of the flavors in two-bottle tests (both flavors presented in nutrient-identical solutions). The directio...

    journal_title:Physiology & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Warwick ZS,Bowen KJ,Synowski SJ

    更新日期:1997-12-01 00:00:00