Legionnaires' disease in France: sensitivity of the mandatory notification has improved over the last decade.


:The notification rate of Legionnaires' disease (LD) in France was 2.4/100 000 population in 2010, varying across regions with an increasing rate from west to east. Two sources [mandatory notifications (MN) and a survey of hospital laboratories] were used in a capture-recapture study to estimate the number of LD cases and the sensitivity of the MN system at national and regional levels in 2010. The number of missed cases was estimated using Chapman's method. The estimated sensitivity of MN was 88.5% (95% CI 88.0-89.0) and ranged from 70% to 100% by region. The estimated incidence was 2.7/100 000 population. Sensitivity of the MN system improved since the previous capture-recapture estimates (10% in 1995, 33% in 1998). This study confirmed that the observed west-east gradient is not related to regional notification disparities. Ecological studies should be conducted to better understand the observed spatial variations in LD incidence.


Epidemiol Infect


Campese C,Jarraud S,Sommen C,Maine C,Che D




Has Abstract


2013-12-01 00:00:00














  • An evaluation of dog rabies control in Limpopo province (South Africa).

    abstract::Rabies is a prevalent and re-emerging disease in South Africa particularly in rural areas with high human densities. Outbreaks are frequently reported in the north and eastern parts of this country, probably an indication of inadequacy in the control of the disease. Following the 2005/2006 outbreak in Limpopo, we unde...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sabeta CT,Mkhize GC,Ngoepe EC

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence of cardiovascular diseases in a nationwide HIV/AIDS patient cohort in Taiwan from 2000 to 2014.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to determine the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (PLWHA) in Taiwan. PLWHA were identified from the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control HIV Surveillance System between 2000 and 2014. To e...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lai YJ,Chen YY,Huang HH,Ko MC,Chen CC,Yen YF

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Surveillance for outbreaks of influenza-like illness in the institutionalized elderly.

    abstract::Respiratory outbreaks are common in aged-care facilities (ACFs), are both underreported and frequently identified late, and are often associated with considerable burden of illness and death. There is emerging evidence that active surveillance coupled with early and systematic intervention can reduce this burden. Acti...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosewell A,Chiu C,Lindley R,Dwyer DE,Moffatt CR,Shineberg C,Clarke E,Booy R,MacIntyre CR

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • An outbreak of viral gastroenteritis associated with adequately prepared oysters.

    abstract::Over Christmas 1993, an outbreak of food poisoning occurred among guests in a hotel in South West Scotland. Evidence from a cohort study strongly suggested that raw oysters were the vehicle for infection, probably due to a Small Round Structured Virus (SRSV). Detailed enquiry about the source and preparation of the oy...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chalmers JW,McMillan JH

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Estimating the impact of vaccination using age-time-dependent incidence rates of hepatitis B.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to model the age-time-dependent incidence of hepatitis B while estimating the impact of vaccination. While stochastic models/time-series have been used before to model hepatitis B cases in the absence of knowledge on the number of susceptibles, this paper proposed using a method that fi...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hens N,Aerts M,Shkedy Z,Kung'u Kimani P,Kojouhorova M,van Damme P,Beutels P

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Contribution of acute-phase reaction proteins to the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

    abstract::The emergence of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is currently a global concern. In this study, our goal was to explore the changing expression levels of acute-phase reaction proteins (APRPs) in the serum of COVID-19 patients and to elucidate the immunological characteristics of COVID-19. In the study design,...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li L,Chen C

    更新日期:2020-07-27 00:00:00

  • Important roles of public playgrounds in the transmission of hand, foot, and mouth disease.

    abstract::Intra-home and kindergarten transmissions were the reported major modes of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) transmission in preschool children. However, infection at home is not common and 65-80% of cases do not attend preschool. We conducted a matched case-control study to explore the role of public playgrounds i...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xie YH,Chongsuvivatwong V,Tan Y,Tang ZhZ,Sornsrivichai V,McNeil EB

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Transmission of bovine herpesvirus 1 within and between herds on an island with a BHV1 control programme.

    abstract::Transmission of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) within and between herds was studied on the island of Ameland, The Netherlands. There were 50 herds with 3300 head of cattle on the island. Herds were divided into three groups: (1) only containing seronegative cattle, (2) containing seronegative cattle and vaccinated seropo...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hage JJ,Schukken YH,Schols H,Maris-Veldhuis MA,Rijsewijk FA,Klaassen CH

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • A review of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in the Indigenous populations of North America.

    abstract::Historically, the highest incidence rates of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease in the world were found in North American and Australian Indigenous children. Although immunization against H. influenzae type b (Hib) led to a marked decrease in invasive Hib disease in countries where it was implemented, this diseas...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tsang RS,Bruce MG,Lem M,Barreto L,Ulanova M

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • The risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome following infection with Campylobacter jejuni.

    abstract::To estimate the incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) following Campylobacter jejuni infection (CI) we studied three populations where outbreaks of CI had occurred involving an estimated 8000 cases. No case of GBS was detected in the 6 months following the outbreaks in the local populations. The point estimate fo...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCarthy N,Andersson Y,Jormanainen V,Gustavsson O,Giesecke J

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of Burkholderia pseudomallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei-like strains.

    abstract::Previous reports in the literature suggest that Burkholderia pseudomallei strains can be differentiated on the basis of animal virulence. Twenty environmentally and clinically derived isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei were examined for the production of exoenzymes, morphological and biochemical phenotypes and viru...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brett PJ,Deshazer D,Woods DE

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Animal agriculture exposures among Minnesota residents with zoonotic enteric infections, 2012-2016.

    abstract::Prospective, population-based surveillance to systematically ascertain exposures to food production animals or their environments among Minnesota residents with sporadic, domestically acquired, laboratory-confirmed enteric zoonotic pathogen infections was conducted from 2012 through 2016. Twenty-three percent (n = 170...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klumb CA,Scheftel JM,Smith KE

    更新日期:2020-03-16 00:00:00

  • Intestinal colonization of broiler chickens by Campylobacter spp. in an experimental infection study.

    abstract::Consumption of poultry meat is considered as one of the main sources of human campylobacteriosis, and there is clearly a need for new surveillance and control measures based on quantitative data on Campylobacter spp. colonization dynamics in broiler chickens. We conducted four experimental infection trials, using four...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bahrndorff S,Garcia AB,Vigre H,Nauta M,Heegaard PM,Madsen M,Hoorfar J,Hald B

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Domestic and travel-related foodborne gastrointestinal illness in a population health survey.

    abstract::Routine surveillance data underestimate incidence of foodborne gastrointestinal (FGI) illness and provide little information on illness related to travel. We analysed data from the Welsh Health Survey to estimate population incidence, and to examine risk factors for FGI and factors associated with consulting a doctor....

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans MR,Sarvotham T,Thomas DR,Howard AJ

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Excess salmonellosis in women in the United States: 1968-2000.

    abstract::We describe recent epidemiological changes in salmonellosis. Linking 1968-2000 National Salmonella Surveillance System to census data, we calculated population-based age- and sex-stratified rates of non-urinary salmonellosis for the top 30 non-typhoidal serotypes. Using 1996-1997, 1998-1999, and 2000-2001 population-b...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reller ME,Tauxe RV,Kalish LA,Mølbak K

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Phylogenetic and antigenic analysis of influenza A(H3N2) viruses isolated from conscripts receiving influenza vaccine prior to the epidemic season of 1998/9.

    abstract::Roughly half (54%) of the 910 young conscripts at a garrison in Finland were vaccinated with commercial influenza vaccines in autumn 1998. During the influenza outbreak in February 1999, 12 H3N2-subtype virus strains were isolated from vaccinated patients, and 11 such strains were isolated from unvaccinated patients. ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pyhälä R,Ikonen N,Haanpää M,Santanen R,Tervahauta R

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of norovirus gastroenteritis outbreaks in a psychiatric centre.

    abstract::Noroviruses are an important aetiological agent of acute gastroenteritis. They are responsible for large outbreaks of disease in the community, hospitals and long-term-care facilities. The clinical manifestations of norovirus outbreaks in psychiatric units are rarely described. The disease burden and impact highlight ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tseng CY,Chen CH,Su SC,Wu FT,Chen CC,Hsieh GY,Hung CH,Fung CP

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Interpretation of band differences to distinguish strains of Serratia marcescens by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of XbaI DNA digests.

    abstract::The number of band differences in DNA macrorestriction profiles required to distinguish unrelated strains from an index strain varies in an outbreak with the species and restriction enzyme used. In order to define this difference for epidemiological studies of Serratia marcescens, we produced DNA fingerprints from 57 ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aucken HM,Boquete T,Kaufmann ME,Pitt TL

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Salmonella typhimurium phage type 141 infections in Sheffield during 1984 and 1985: association with hens' eggs.

    abstract::Food poisoning due to Salmonella typhimurium phage type 141 was unusual in the Sheffield area before 1984. The sudden increase in incidence of this phage type during 1984 and 1985, and its causative role in several small outbreaks in this period have been investigated. Epidemiological and laboratory investigations sug...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chapman PA,Rhodes P,Rylands W

    更新日期:1988-08-01 00:00:00

  • Interactive effects of age and respiratory virus on severe lower respiratory infection.

    abstract::We investigated risk factors for severe acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) among hospitalised children 8 months were at greater risk from influenza-associated ICU admissions and long hospital stay. Children with ADV had increased LOS across all ages. In the first 2 years of life, the effects of different viruse...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prasad N,Trenholme AA,Huang QS,Thompson MG,Pierse N,Widdowson MA,Wood T,Seeds R,Taylor S,Grant CC,Newbern EC,SHIVERS team.

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of, and risk factors for, mortality from severe sepsis and septic shock in a tertiary-care university hospital setting.

    abstract::This study investigated the clinical characteristics of, and outcomes and risk factors for hospital mortality of 390 patients admitted with severe sepsis or septic shock in an intensive care unit (ICU). Prospectively collected data from patients collected between 1 July 2004 and 30 June 2006 were analysed. Overall hos...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khwannimit B,Bhurayanontachai R

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Health effects of beach water pollution in Hong Kong.

    abstract::Prospective epidemiological studies of beach water pollution were conducted in Hong Kong in the summers of 1986 and 1987. For the main study in 1987, a total of 18741 usable responses were obtained from beachgoers on nine beaches at weekends. The study indicated the overall perceived symptom rates for gastrointestinal...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheung WH,Chang KC,Hung RP,Kleevens JW

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • A recipe for disaster: outbreaks of campylobacteriosis associated with poultry liver pâté in England and Wales.

    abstract::Despite the frequency of Campylobacter as the principal cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in the UK, outbreaks attributed to this pathogen are rare. One hundred and fourteen general foodborne outbreaks of campylobacteriosis were reported to the Health Protection Agency from 1992 to 2009 with most occurring in food se...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Little CL,Gormley FJ,Rawal N,Richardson JF

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • What might the future bring? COVID-19 planning considerations for faculty and universities.

    abstract::This paper applies a scenario planning approach, to outline some current uncertainties related to COVID-19 and what they might mean for plausible futures for which we should prepare, and to identify factors that we as individual faculty members and university institutions should be considering now, when planning for t...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Majowicz SE

    更新日期:2020-04-29 00:00:00

  • Antibiotic prescriptions and cycles of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections in Norway: can a nationwide prescription register be used for surveillance?

    abstract::Mycoplasma pneumoniae outbreaks cause increased use of macrolides and tetracyclines. We aimed to investigate whether drug use data, in addition to laboratory data, could improve understanding of the spread of M. pneumoniae epidemics. Number of users of Mycoplasma antibiotics (erythromycin, doxycycline, clarithromycin)...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blix HS,Vestrheim DF,Hjellvik V,Skaare D,Christensen A,Steinbakk M

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • A 10-year cohort analysis of routine paediatric ART data in a rural South African setting.

    abstract::South Africa's paediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) programme is managed using a monitoring and evaluation tool known as TIER.Net. This electronic system has several advantages over paper-based systems, allowing profiling of the paediatric ART programme over time. We analysed anonymized TIER.Net data for HIV-infect...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lilian RR,Mutasa B,Railton J,Mongwe W,McINTYRE JA,Struthers HE,Peters RP

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Specific IgM and IgG responses in primary and secondary dengue virus infections determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

    abstract::IgM- and IgG-capture ELISAs are widely used as diagnostic tests for confirmation of dengue virus infection. The positive rate of anti-dengue IgM and IgG detection was examined in primary and secondary dengue virus infections in the setting of a provincial hospital using IgM- and IgG-capture ELISAs. Disease day 1 was d...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sa-Ngasang A,Anantapreecha S,A-Nuegoonpipat A,Chanama S,Wibulwattanakij S,Pattanakul K,Sawanpanyalert P,Kurane I

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and ribotyping for subtyping of Vibrio cholerae O139 isolated in Thailand.

    abstract::Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of Cpo I-digested genomic DNA and ribotyping (Bgl I) were applied to 60 Vibrio cholerae strains including 48 V. cholerae O139 from Thailand to compare their value in differentiating strains of the present V. cholerae O139 epidemic. PFGE patterns were divided into groups A and B ...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dalsgaard A,Skov MN,Serichantalergs O,Echeverria P

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Complexity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in cystic fibrosis: combined results from esterase electrophoresis and rDNA restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis.

    abstract::Esterase electrophoretic typing and restriction fragment length polymorphism of ribosomal DNA regions (ribotyping) were used to differentiate 102 Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates obtained from chronic lung infection in 23 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and two reference strains (including the type strain A...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Denamur E,Picard B,Goullet P,Bingen E,Lambert N,Elion J

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of tuberculosis infection in healthcare workers of the public hospital network in Medellín, Colombia: a Bayesian approach.

    abstract::A latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) prevalence survey was conducted using tuberculin skin test (TST) and Quantiferon test (QFT) in 1218 healthcare workers (HCWs) in Medellín, Colombia. In order to improve the prevalence estimates, a latent class model was built using a Bayesian approach with informative priors on t...

    journal_title:Epidemiology and infection

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ochoa J,León AL,Ramírez IC,Lopera CM,Bernal E,Arbeláez MP

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00