Patient-specific simulations and measurements of the magneto-hemodynamic effect in human primary vessels.

Abstract:

:This paper investigates the main characteristics of the magneto-hemodynamic (MHD) response for application as a biomarker of vascular blood flow. The induced surface potential changes of a volunteer exposed to a 3 T static B0 field of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) magnet were measured over time at multiple locations by an electrocardiogram device and compared to simulation results. The flow simulations were based on boundary conditions derived from MRI flow measurements restricted to the aorta and vena cava. A dedicated and validated low-frequency electromagnetic solver was applied to determine the induced temporal surface potential change from the obtained 4D flow distribution using a detailed whole-body model of the volunteer. The simulated MHD signal agreed with major characteristics of the measured signal (temporal location of main peak, magnitude, variation across chest and along torso) except in the vicinity of the heart. The MHD signal is mostly influenced by the aorta; however, more vessels and better boundary conditions are needed to analyze the finer details of the response. The results show that the MHD signal is strongly position dependent with highly variable but reproducibly measurable distinguished characteristics. Additional investigations are necessary before determining whether the MHD effect is a reliable reference for location-specific information on blood flow.

journal_name

Physiol Meas

authors

Kyriakou A,Neufeld E,Szczerba D,Kainz W,Luechinger R,Kozerke S,McGregor R,Kuster N

doi

10.1088/0967-3334/33/2/117

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-02-01 00:00:00

pages

117-30

issue

2

eissn

0967-3334

issn

1361-6579

journal_volume

33

pub_type

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