Workplace sexual harassment in two general hospitals in Taiwan: the incidence, perception, and gender differences.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:The aims of this study were to examine sexual harassment (SH) among hospital staffs in Taiwan, in terms of three-month incidence rate, the frequency of each type and the perception of SH, perpetrated by coworkers, patients and patients' families and to investigate the gender differences for these issues. METHODS:The subjects were employees at two general hospitals in Taiwan. The self-administered "Hospital Sexual Harassment Questionnaire" was sent to eligible staff, and the voluntary respondents answered the questionnaire anonymously. There were 536 respondents available for analysis, with an overall response rate of 43.4%. RESULTS:The three-month incidence rates of SH by coworkers, patients, and patients' families in our study population were 2.4, 4.3, and 1.7%, respectively. Telling sexual jokes was the most common type of SH. The males had greater opportunities to be exposed to porn videos by their coworkers. The females were more frequently exposed to sex jokes and remarks made by patients and their family members and unwanted physical touching by patients in the workplace. There were significant differences with regard to the perception of sex jokes and sexually explicit verbal descriptions as SH or not between genders. CONCLUSIONS:The information in this study can be a helpful reference for administrators in hospitals when they are establishing education plans and policies. It might be possible to prevent sexual harassment and misunderstandings between genders and to further avoid the negative impact on the emotional well-being of workers in hospitals.

journal_name

J Occup Health

authors

Wang LJ,Chen CK,Sheng YC,Lu PW,Chen YT,Chen HJ,Lin JS

doi

10.1539/joh.11-0063-fs

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-01-01 00:00:00

pages

56-63

issue

1

eissn

1341-9145

issn

1348-9585

pii

JST.JSTAGE/joh/11-0063-FS

journal_volume

54

pub_type

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