Nanotechnology: a new frontier in virus detection in clinical practice.

Abstract:

:Researchers are expanding the applications of nanotechnology in the field of medicine since mid-2000. These technologies include nanoarrays, protein arrays, nanopore technology, nanoparticles as a contrivance in immunoassays and nanosensors, among others. Nanobiotechnologies are clinically applicable and possess the potential to be useful in laboratory diagnosis of infections in general and viral infections in particular. Nanotechnology is a significant advance in molecular diagnostics. The technology strengthens and expands the DNA and protein microarray methods. In particular, the waveguide technology is an emergent area with many diagnostic applications. Nanosensors are the new contrivance for detection of bioterrorism agents. All these new technologies would have to be evaluated in clinical settings before their full import is appreciated and accepted.

journal_name

Indian J Med Microbiol

authors

Abraham AM,Kannangai R,Sridharan G

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-10-01 00:00:00

pages

297-301

issue

4

eissn

0255-0857

issn

1998-3646

journal_volume

26

pub_type

社论,评审
  • Superantigens - concepts, clinical disease and therapy.

    abstract::The term superantigen was introduced in microbiology and immunology only a decade ago. The unique feature of superantigen is that it bypasses the antigen processing mechanism and specifically binds to TCR v segment and forms a trimolecular complex along with major histocompatibility complex class II. Since its discove...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Hemalatha V,Srikanth P,Mallika M

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of Azadirachta indica (neem) on the growth pattern of dermatophytes.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) for the extracts of the leaves and seeds of the plant Azadirachta indica against various dermatophytes. METHODS:Clinical isolates of dermatophytes(Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Microsporum ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Natarajan V,Venugopal PV,Menon T

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of thermophilic Campylobacters from sources implicated in horizontal transmission of flock colonisation.

    abstract::Thermophilic Campylobacter are commonly associated with poultry as commensals of the avian gut and are the causative agent responsible for human Campylobacteriosis. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. from environmental sources that have previously been implicated as sources of horizonta...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.142259

    authors: Parkar S,Sachdev D,Kapadnis B

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Paediatric leptospirosis: A population based case-control study from Chennai, India.

    abstract::The surveillance in Chennai identified 134 children and 443 adults clinically suspected for leptospirosis. Of these, 35 (26.1%) children and 118 (26.6%) adults had laboratory confirmed diagnosis for leptospirosis. The paediatric leptospirosis exhibited a higher frequency of classic features of Weil's disease. The prev...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.180353

    authors: Narayanan R,Sumathi G,Prabhakaran SG,Shanmughapriya S,Natarajaseenivasan K

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Safe transportation of biomedical waste in a health care institution.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The chances of health care waste (Biomedical waste) coming in contact with the health care workers, patients, visitors, sanitary workers, waste handlers, public, rag pickers and animals during transportation are high. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was conducted over a period of seven months (April 2013-...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.158559

    authors: Kumar A,Duggal S,Gur R,Rongpharpi SR,Sagar S,Rani M,Dhayal D,Khanijo CM

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • The antibiotics of choice for the treatment of melioidosis in Indian set up.

    abstract::Therapeutic options for the treatment of melioidosis caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei are limited due to the inherent resistance conferred by this pathogen to various groups of antibiotics. Witnessing an increase in the number of microbiological culture-confirmed cases of melioidosis at our settings in the past few...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.188340

    authors: Shaw T,Tellapragada C,Eshwara VK,Bhat HV,Mukhopadhyay C

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of trends of ofloxacin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Ofloxacin (OFX) is one of the potent fluoroquinolone (FQ) recommended to treat MDR-TB. Over a decade, the preexposure of this drug for the treatment of other bacterial infections has resulted in acquisition of FQ resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains. Considering this possibility, a study was unde...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.83913

    authors: Verma JS,Nair D,Rawat D,Manzoor N

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Group A rotavirus and bacterial agents associated with diarrhoea-induced hospitalisations in children below 5 years of age in Jammu.

    abstract::Out of 210 faecal samples collected from children below 5 years attending different hospitals in Jammu and exhibiting clinical signs of diarrhoea, 41.9% samples were found positive for group A rotavirus by RNA-PAGE. Escherichia coli isolated in the study belonged to nine serogroups, out of which O69 was most frequent,...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.124308

    authors: Gazal S,Taku A,Bhat MA,Badroo G

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • National survey of infection control programmes in South Asian association for Regional Cooperation countries in the era of patient safety.

    abstract:Background:The implementation of hospital infection prevention and control (IPC) in south Asia is not well described. We aimed to assess IPC programmes in hospitals in this region and explore opportunities for improvement. Methods:Attendees from hospitals in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_18_82

    authors: Gupta SK,Siddharth V,Belagere MR,Stewardson AJ,Kant S,Singh S,Singh N

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Investigation of an outbreak of varicella in Chandigarh, North India, using a real-time polymerase chain reaction approach.

    abstract::Outbreaks of varicella are reported when susceptible population accumulates. This study reports a chickenpox outbreak in Burail in August 2014, wherein 20 laboratory-confirmed cases were identified by the detection of varicella zoster virus (VZV) DNA and VZV IgM antibodies. The viral load between vesicular swabs and s...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_16_420

    authors: Singh MP,Kaur R,Kumar A,Gupta M,Garg S,Ratho RK

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumococcusuria: From bench to bedside.

    abstract::The present study highlights six cases of pneumococcusuria during the time period of May 2008 to May 2010. All the patients had a co-existing predisposing factor with the isolation of Streptococcus pneumoniae in urine. Five of the six patients having signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections (UTI) were treated an...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.93056

    authors: Krishna S,Sanjeevan KV,Sudheer A,Dinesh KR,Kumar A,Karim S

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of hand hygiene promotional program based on the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy, in terms of compliance and decontamination efficacy in an indian tertiary level neonatal surgical intensive care unit.

    abstract:Background:The WHO Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy (MHHIS) has been proposed to improve the Hand Hygiene (HH) compliance of the WHO recommendations on HH.Therefore, the current study was planned in our neonatal unit with the objective of evaluating the effectiveness of a Hand Hygiene Promotional Program (H...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_20_47

    authors: Thomas AM,Kaur S,Biswal M,N Rao KL,Vig S

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Quality control of culture media in a microbiology laboratory.

    abstract::The nature of reporting of a microbiology laboratory depends upon the quality of the culture media used. Quality of media directly affects the observations and inferences drawn from the cultural characteristics of microorganisms. Checking of different parameters of media such as growth supporting characteristics, phys...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.16586

    authors: Basu S,Pal A,Desai PK

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cutaneous infection with Mycobacterium fortuitum: an unusual presentation.

    abstract::Cutaneous infection with rapidly growing mycobacteria is uncommon and its diagnosis can be missed unless there is strong clinical suspicion coupled with microbiological confirmation. We report a case of localized recurrent soft tissue swelling of the foot by Mycobacterium fortuitum in a healthy adult male. The case is...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.43571

    authors: Sarma S,Thakur R

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cutaneous cryptococcosis among HIV infected patients.

    abstract::Five patients with HIV associated cutaneous cryptococcal infection are reported. ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Vasanthi S,Padmavathy BK,Gopal R,Sundaram RS,Manoharan G

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of biphasic culture system for mycobacterial isolation from the sputum of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

    abstract::Mycobacterial diseases continue to cause high morbidity and mortality. Isolation, identification and sensitivity testing form the backbone of laboratory investigations. M. tuberculosis isolation needs 6-8 weeks on conventional egg containing media. For rapid isolation various methods have been evaluated. We evaluated ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.16050

    authors: Ghatole M,Sable C,Kamale P,Kandle S,Jahagirdar V,Yemul V

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Demographic profile of healthy children with nasopharyngeal colonisation of Streptococcus pneumoniae: A research paper.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pneumonia is a preventable cause of mortality in children. Streptococcus pneumoniae colonising the nasopharynx of healthy children can cause invasive diseases and the serotype distribution of colonisation isolates should be an indicator of invasive disease, antibiotic resistance profiles, and potential vacci...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_15_347

    authors: Raman R,Sankar J,Putlibai S,Raghavan V

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Genotypes of hepatitis C virus in the Indian sub-continent: a decade-long experience from a tertiary care hospital in South India.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of chronic liver disease (CLD) that can progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Genotypes of HCV can vary in pathogenicity and can impact on treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES:To study the different genotypes among patients with HCV related CLD attending a t...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.118875

    authors: Christdas J,Sivakumar J,David J,Daniel HD,Raghuraman S,Abraham P

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of nitrate reductase assay for direct detection of drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis: rapid and inexpensive method for low-resource settings.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to evaluate a nitrate reductase assay (NRA) for the direct detection of multidrug resistance (MDR) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis from 100 smear-positive sputum samples. The NRA results were compared with the reference proportion method for 100 sputum specimens for which comparable results wer...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.71816

    authors: Gupta M,Shamma.,Singh NP,Kaur IR

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of torch infections and its associated poor outcome in high-risk pregnant women of Central India: Time to think for prevention strategies.

    abstract:Introduction:The TORCH infections during pregnancy are associated with adverse congenital abnormalities, poor foetal outcome and subsequent reproductive failures. The absence of baseline data on status of TORCH infections and associated foetal outcomes prompted us to conduct the current study in Central India. Materia...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_20_136

    authors: Manjunathachar HV,Singh KN,Chouksey V,Kumar R,Sharma RK,Barde PV

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Invasive aspergillosis involving multiple paranasal sinuses--a case report.

    abstract::A case of invasive multiple paranasal sinus aspergillosis with bony involvement is reported. A young immunocompetent lady presented with bilateral nasal obstruction due to polyps. Radiologically and histopathologically a fungal cause was kept a possibility, and the diagnosis of Aspegillus fumigatus was established by ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.16595

    authors: Agarwal S,Kanga A,Sharma V,Sharma DR,Sharma ML

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation and identification of Aeromonas from patients with acute diarrhoea in Kolkata, India.

    abstract::Isolation of diarrhoea causing Aeromonas was carried out in the division of Active Surveillance, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata for a period of 12 months from January 1999 to December 1999. Out of 602 stool samples collected from patients with acute diarrhoea admitted in Infectious...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kannan S,Chattopadhyay UK,Pal D,Shimada T,Takeda Y,Bhattacharya SK,Ananthanarayanan PH

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Antibiotic resistance in ocular bacterial pathogens.

    abstract::Bacterial infections of the eye are common and ophthalmologists are spoilt for choice with a variety of antibiotics available in the market. Antibiotics can be administered in the eye by a number of routes; topical, subconjunctival, subtenon and intraocular. Apart from a gamut of eye drops available, ophthalmologists ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.83903

    authors: Sharma S

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Fatal haemophagocytic syndrome and hepatitis associated with visceral leishmaniasis.

    abstract::Haemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) secondary to infections occurs due to excessive, non-malignant proliferation of histiocytes, with resultant haemophagocytosis. The syndrome is essentially treatable, provided timely etiological diagnosis is achieved. In this report, we present a rare case of a child who hailed from Uttar...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.37354

    authors: Mathur P,Samantaray JC,Samanta P

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Asymptomatic, isolated tubercular splenic abscess, in an immunocompetent person.

    abstract::Tubercular splenic abscess in an immunocompetent person, especially when the patient is without any symptoms, is a rare clinical entity. We report a case of isolated tubercular splenic abscess in a 38-year-old asymptomatic healthy female and emphasize the importance of careful smear examination. The patient had come t...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.62501

    authors: Udgaonkar U,Kulkarni S,Shah S,Bhave S

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Bilateral Tinea Nigra of palm: a rare case report from Eastern India.

    abstract::A 14 year old girl from a coastal district of Odisha presented with a six month history of asymptomatic brownish patches on the palm of the both hands. Epidermal scrape from these patches showed brown septate hyphae with occasional yeast like cells. Hortaea wernekii was isolated from the fungal culture. A diagnosis of...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.124336

    authors: Sarangi G,Dash D,Chayani N,Patjoshi SK,Jena S

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence of II and V staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec types among coagulase-negative staphylococci from Northeastern part of India.

    abstract:Introduction:Coagulase Negative Staphylococci, the most commonly isolated pathogen are becoming emerging threats to the community as well as to the nosocomial environment. The present study underscores the distribution of Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) types among Methicillin resistant Coagulase Negati...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/ijmm.IJMM_18_285

    authors: Bhowmik D,Chakraborty P,Bhowmick R,Sarkar R,Chetri S,Bhattacharjee A

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Serological diagnosis of dengue in laboratory practice in Kolkata.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To find out the most suitable serological investigative procedures to diagnose dengue cases effectively in the laboratory practice identifying primary and secondary cases as well as period of suffering. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Dengue suspected cases sent to the laboratory in 2012 in central Kolkata by the local ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.136563

    authors: Bhattacharya N,Mukherjee H,Naskar R,Talukdar S,Das G,Pramanik N,Hati AK

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance pattern of multidrug-resistant enterococci isolated from clinical specimens.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) pose an emerging problem in hospitals worldwide. The present study was undertaken to determine the occurrence, species prevalence, antibacterial resistance, and phenotypic and genetic characteristics of VRE isolated in Riyadh hospitals, KSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Two hund...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.93032

    authors: Salem-Bekhit MM,Moussa IM,Muharram MM,Alanazy FK,Hefni HM

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Histopathology for the diagnosis of infectious diseases.

    abstract::Histopathological examination of tissue biopsies for the identification of infectious organisms is a very important diagnostic tool. Conventional culture confirmation of tissue biopsies often fail to identify any pathogen as, first of all, invariably most of the tissue samples that are collected and sent for culture i...

    journal_title:Indian journal of medical microbiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.4103/0255-0857.49423

    authors: Gupta E,Bhalla P,Khurana N,Singh T

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00