Exposure to early life trauma is associated with adult obesity.

Abstract:

:Exposure to traumatic events during childhood is associated with an elevated risk of adult obesity. It has been hypothesized that the psychological sequelae from childhood trauma account for this risk, though no study has examined whether an increased risk of obesity is found in persons without psychological disorders. We examined exposure to early life stressors and body mass index (BMI) in 696 adults without significant medical or psychiatric history. Bivariate correlation showed that the total number of early life stressors (r=0.08), age (r=0.19), and sex (r=0.16) were significantly related to adult BMI. Given the relationship between sex and BMI, we examined the contribution of early life stressors to adult obesity separately for men and women. In men, hierarchical regression showed that exposure to early life stressors predicted adult obesity. Specifically, history of being bullied/rejected (Obese 31%, Normal weight, 9%) and emotional abuse (Obese, 17%; Normal weight, 2%) predicted adult obesity after controlling for the effects of age. In women, no relationship between early life stressors and adult obesity was found. These findings suggest that multiple processes mediate the relationship between early life stress and adult obesity and that their relative contributions may differ between men and women.

journal_name

Psychiatry Res

journal_title

Psychiatry research

authors

Gunstad J,Paul RH,Spitznagel MB,Cohen RA,Williams LM,Kohn M,Gordon E

doi

10.1016/j.psychres.2005.11.007

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-05-30 00:00:00

pages

31-7

issue

1

eissn

0165-1781

issn

1872-7123

pii

S0165-1781(05)00372-0

journal_volume

142

pub_type

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