Crescentic glomerulonephritis associated with renal cell carcinoma after cancer immunotherapy.

Abstract:

:A 59 year-old woman showed rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis during immunotherapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. She received unilateral nephrectomy and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) therapy for the treatment of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis of renal cell carcinoma. With CTL therapy, her retroperitoneal lymph node mass decreased in size. One year after the third round of CTL therapy, her serum creatinine was increased and massive proteinuria occurred. Her renal biopsy specimen revealed necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis with immune complex deposition. Her retroperitoneal lymph node mass continued to decrease in size. Consequently, for the purpose of avoiding interfering with the CTL therapy, we performed double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) monotherapy for removal of immune complexes without using immunosuppressive drugs or prednisolone. After 24 sessions of DFPP, her serum IgG was reduced from 3,942 mg/dL to 2,400 mg/dL, and proteinuria (from 9.0 g/day to 0.9 g/day) and renal function (serum creatinine; from 5.6 mg/dL to 2.2 mg/dL) also improved. However, 3 months after the final DFPP, she expired due to perforation of the colon. The autopsy sample of the kidney showed that most of the glomeruli were obsolescent, but immunoglobulin depositions were reduced and necrotizing lesions were diminished. In the patients with RPGN associated with renal cell carcinoma, renal functional recovery has not been observed upon immunosuppressive treatment. Consequently, plasmapheresis is considered to be one of the effective and safe methods for patients with this association. We also discuss previous reports of RPGN associated with renal cell carcinoma, or RPGN after cancer immunotherapy.

journal_name

J Nephrol

journal_title

Journal of nephrology

authors

Kai H,Yamagata K,Usui J,Shimizu Y,Hirayama A,Yoh K,Mase K,Hirayama K,Nagase S,Nagata M,Kawai K,Akaza H,Koyama A

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2005-07-01 00:00:00

pages

436-41

issue

4

eissn

1121-8428

issn

1724-6059

journal_volume

18

pub_type

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